Drinking and Driving: A Threat to Everyone
Though episodes of drinking and driving have gone down by 30% during the past 5 years, it remains a serious problem. Alcohol-impaired drivers are involved in about 1 in 3 crash deaths, resulting in nearly 11,000 deaths in 2009. A recent CDC report discusses drinking and driving and the proven measures that can help.
A Serious Problem, Happening 112 Million Times a Year
U.S. drivers got behind the wheel after drinking too much about 112 million times in 2010.
Certain groups are more likely to drink and drive than others.
- Men were responsible for 4 in 5 episodes (81%) of drinking and driving in 2010.
- Young men ages 21-34 made up only 11% of the U.S. population in 2010, yet were responsible for 32% of all instances of drinking and driving.
- 85% of drinking and driving episodes were reported by people who also reported binge drinking. Binge drinking means 5 or more drinks for men or 4 or more drinks for women during a short period of time.
Steps for Safety
Seat belts help keep everyone safe on the road.
Seat belts can protect every passenger on every trip. Just by buckling up, you reduce your risk of serious injuries and deaths from crashes by about 50%.
There are proven steps that people can take to help prevent drinking and driving.
- Enforce 0.08% blood alcohol concentration and minimum legal drinking age laws.
- Expand the use of sobriety checkpoints.
- Require ignition interlocks for everyone convicted of drinking and driving, starting with their first offense.
- Consider including strategies to reduce binge drinking—such as increasing alcohol taxes—to reduce drinking and driving, since the two behaviors are linked.
- Pass primary enforcement seat belt laws that cover everyone in the car.
Definitions of proven measures
- Set policies that immediately take away all work-related driving privileges for any employee cited for drinking and driving while using a company or personal vehicle for work purposes.
- Use workplace health promotion programs to communicate the dangers of drinking and driving, including information directed to family members.
Health professionals can:
- Help patients realize that car crashes are the leading cause of death for everyone ages 5-34 and that 1 in 3 of all crash deaths involves a drunk driver.
- Routinely screen patients for risky drinking patterns, including binge drinking, and provide a brief intervention—a 10–15 minute counseling session—for patients who screen positive.
- Choose to not drink and drive and help others do the same.
- Before drinking, designate a nondrinking driver when with a group.
- If out drinking, get a ride home or call a taxi.
- Don't let friends drink and drive.
- Choose not to binge drink themselves and help others not to do it.
- Talk with a doctor or nurse about drinking and driving and request counseling if drinking is causing health, work, or social problems.
- Buckle up every time, no matter how short the trip. Encourage passengers in the car to buckle up, including those in the back seat.
- Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR): Vital Signs: Alcohol-impaired driving among adults---United States, 2010
- CDC Vital Signs: Drinking and Driving
- Impaired Driving
- Policy Impact: Alcohol-impaired Driving
- Motor Vehicle Safety
CDC works 24/7 saving lives and protecting people from health threats to have a more secure nation. A US federal agency, CDC helps make the healthy choice the easy choice by putting science and prevention into action. CDC works to help people live longer, healthier and more productive lives.
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