Vital Signs: Epidemiology of Sepsis: Prevalence of Health Care Factors and Opportunities for Prevention
August 23, 2016
Sepsis is a serious and often fatal clinical syndrome, resulting from infection. CDC and partners conducted a retrospective chart review in four New York hospitals to describe characteristics of patients with sepsis. Medical records of 246 adults and 79 children (aged birth to 17 years) were reviewed. Overall, 72% of patients had a health care factor during the 30 days before sepsis admission or a selected chronic condition likely to require frequent medical care.
Update: Interim Guidance for the Evaluation and Management of Infants with Possible Congenital Zika Virus Infection — United States, August 2016 August 19, 2016
There are currently over 1,000 pregnant women with laboratory evidence of possible Zika virus infection in the United States and U.S. territories. Zika virus infection during pregnancy is a cause of microcephaly and other serious brain anomalies. CDC has updated its interim guidance for U.S. health care providers caring for infants born to mothers with possible Zika virus infection during pregnancy.
Contact Lens–Related Corneal Infections — United States, 2005–2015
August 19, 2016
A total of 1,075 Medical Device Reports (MDRs) describing contact lens–related corneal infections were reported to the Food and Drug Administration’s MDR database during 2005–2015. Approximately 20% of those reports described a patient who suffered eye damage. Roughly 25% described potentially modifiable factors that might have put the patient at risk for a contact lens–related corneal infection.
Tobacco Advertising and Promotional Expenditures in Sports and Sporting Events — United States, 1992–2013
August 19, 2016
In March 2010, the Food and Drug Administration prohibited tobacco-brand sponsorship of regulated tobacco products in sports and entertainment events or other social or cultural events. During 1992–2013, adjusted sports-related marketing expenditures decreased significantly for both cigarettes (from $136 million in 1992 to $0 during 2010–2013) and smokeless tobacco (from $34.8 million in 1992 to $2.1 million in 2013).
Surveillance for Violent Deaths — National Violent Death Reporting System, 17 States, 2013
August 19, 2016
In 2013, more than 57,000 persons died in the United States as a result of violence-related injuries. This report summarizes data from CDC’s National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS) regarding violent deaths from 17 U.S. states for 2013. The majority of these deaths were suicides, followed by homicides. Results are reported by sex, age group, race/ethnicity, marital status, location where injury occurred, method used, and other selected characteristics.
Recommendations and Reports
U.S. Medical Eligibility Criteria for Contraceptive Use, 2016
July 29, 2016
The 2016 U.S. Medical Eligibility Criteria for Contraceptive Use (U.S. MEC) comprises recommendations for the use of specific contraceptive methods by women and men who have certain characteristics or medical conditions. Notable updates since the 2010 U.S. MEC include the addition of recommendations for women with cystic fibrosis, women with multiple sclerosis, and women receiving certain psychotropic drugs or St. John’s wort; revisions to the recommendations for emergency contraception, including the addition of ulipristal acetate; and revisions to the recommendations for postpartum women; women who are breastfeeding; women with known dyslipidemias, migraine headaches, superficial venous disease, gestational trophoblastic disease, sexually transmitted diseases, and human immunodeficiency virus; and women who are receiving antiretroviral therapy. These recommendations are a companion document to the CDC U.S. Selected Practice Recommendations for Contraceptive Use, 2016.
U.S. Selected Practice Recommendations for Contraceptive Use, 2016
July 29, 2016
The 2016 U.S. Selected Practice Recommendations for Contraceptive Use (U.S. SPR) addresses common issues regarding initiation and use of specific contraceptive methods. The information in this report updates the 2013 U.S. SPR. Major updates include 1) revised recommendations for starting regular contraception after the use of emergency contraceptive pills and 2) new recommendations for the use of medications to ease insertion of intrauterine devices. These recommendations are a companion document to the CDC U.S. Medical Eligibility Criteria for Contraceptive Use, 2016.
CDC’s Response to the 2014–2016 Ebola Epidemic — West Africa and United States
July 8, 2016
This historic 2014-2016 Ebola Epidemic in West Africa required a massive international response by multiple partners to assist the affected countries. This supplement present reports that chronicle major aspects of CDC’s response to the Ebola epidemic.
Summary of Notifiable Infectious Diseases and Conditions
The official statistics, in tabular and graphic form, for the reported occurrence of nationally notifiable infectious diseases
Summary of Notifiable Noninfectious Conditions and Disease Outbreaks
The official statistics, in tabular and graphic form, for the reported occurrence of nationally notifiable noninfectious conditions and disease outbreaks in the United States.
- Page last reviewed: August 23, 2016
- Page last updated: August 23, 2016
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