Fatal Abusive Head Trauma Among Children Aged <5 Years — United States, 1999–2014
May 27, 2016
Abusive head trauma (AHT) is one of the leading causes of child maltreatment fatalities in the United States, accounting for approximately one third of these deaths. During 2009–2014, annual rates of fatal AHT declined significantly, with an average annual decrease of 13.0%, and there was no evidence that cases were simply being classified differently during this time. This is the first report of a decline in AHT rates after 2009.
Sodium in Store and Restaurant Food Environments — Guam, 2015
May 27, 2016
Guam has rates of heart disease and stroke mortality that are higher than the average for the United States. This report is the first of its kind to examine sodium in the nutrition environment of Guam, including availability and promotion of lower-sodium foods in stores and restaurants.
Immediate Closures and Violations Identified During Routine Inspections of Public Aquatic Facilities — Network for Aquatic Facility Inspection Surveillance, Five States, 2013
May 20, 2016
This report presents inspection data on aquatic facility–associated waterborne disease outbreaks in the United States for 2013 that were reported by 16 public health agencies in five states (Arizona, California, Florida, New York, and Texas). The analysis focuses on 15 elements deemed critical to minimizing the risk for illness and injury associated with aquatic facilities. Although these data (the first and most recent that are available) are not nationally representative, 15.7% of the estimated 309,000 U.S. public aquatic venues are located in the 16 reporting jurisdictions. The findings provided in this report underscore the public health function that code enforcement, conducted by environmental health practitioners, has in preventing illness and injury at public aquatic facilities.
Recommendations and Reports
Diagnosis and Management of Tickborne Rickettsial Diseases: Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever and Other Spotted Fever Group Rickettsioses, Ehrlichioses, and Anaplasmosis — United States: A Practical Guide for Health Care and Public Health Professionals
May 13, 2016
Tickborne rickettsial diseases continue to cause severe illness and death in otherwise healthy adults and children, despite the availability of low-cost, effective antibacterial therapy. Recognition early in the clinical course is critical because this is the period when antibacterial therapy is most effective. Early signs and symptoms of these illnesses are nonspecific or mimic other illnesses, which can make diagnosis challenging. This report updates the 2006 CDC recommendations on the diagnosis and management of tickborne rickettsial diseases in the United States and includes information on the practical aspects of epidemiology, clinical assessment, treatment, laboratory diagnosis, and prevention of tickborne rickettsial diseases.
Development of the Community Health Improvement Navigator Database of Interventions
FEBRUARY 26, 2016
This report describes the development of the database of interventions included in the Community Health Improvement Navigator, released by CDC in 2015. The database allows the user to easily search for multisector, collaborative, evidence-based interventions to address the underlying causes of the greatest morbidity and mortality in the United States: tobacco use and exposure, physical inactivity, unhealthy diet, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, diabetes, and obesity. Hospital administrators can use the CHI Navigator’s database of interventions to select and implement evidence-based interventions that have been effective in similar communities with similar collaborators to develop plans to address problems identified in the triennial community health needs assessment, in alignment with the IRS requirements for tax-exempt status.
Summary of Notifiable Infectious Diseases and Conditions
The official statistics, in tabular and graphic form, for the reported occurrence of nationally notifiable infectious diseases
Summary of Notifiable Noninfectious Conditions and Disease Outbreaks
The official statistics, in tabular and graphic form, for the reported occurrence of nationally notifiable noninfectious conditions and disease outbreaks in the United States.
- Page last reviewed: May 26, 2016
- Page last updated: May 26, 2016
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