Local Transmission of Zika Virus — Puerto Rico, November 23, 2015–January 28, 2016
FEBRUARY 12, 2016
On December 31, 2015, the Puerto Rico Department of Health reported the first locally acquired case of Zika virus disease in a jurisdiction of the United States in a patient from southeastern Puerto Rico. Zika virus is expected to continue to spread throughout the territory, and the 3.5 million residents of Puerto Rico, includ¬ing approximately 43,000 pregnant women per year, are at risk for Zika virus infection.
Notes from the Field: Evidence of Zika Virus Infection in Brain and Placental Tissues from Two Congenitally Infected Newborns and Two Fetal Losses — Brazil, 2015
FEBRUARY 10, 2016
A surge in the number of children born with microcephaly has been noted in regions of Brazil with a high prevalence of suspected Zika virus disease. This report describes evidence of a link between Zika virus infection and microcephaly and fetal demise through detection of viral RNA and antigens in brain tissues from infants with microcephaly and placental tissues from early miscarriages.
Influenza-Related Hospitalizations and Poverty Levels — United States, 2010–2012
FEBRUARY 12, 2016
The association of higher census tract-level poverty with higher influenza-related hospitalization rates appears to be robust, occurring across counties in 14 states, within pediatric and adult age groups, and across racial/ethnic groups.
HIV-Related Risk Behaviors Among Male High School Students Who Had Sexual Contact with Males — 17 Large Urban School Districts, United States, 2009–2013
FEBRUARY 12, 2016
In 2014, the estimated number of new HIV diagnoses among males who have sex with males (MSM) aged 13–24 years was 4,398 among blacks, 1,834 among Hispanics, and 1,366 among whites. Although risk behaviors are necessary for HIV transmission, the findings in this report do not provide evidence that differences in HIV-related risk behaviors alone are driving the higher numbers of HIV diagnoses among young black MSM compared with young Hispanic and white MSM.
Strategies for Reducing Health Disparities — Selected CDC-Sponsored Interventions, United States, 2016
FEBRUARY 12, 2016
One of the four overarching goals of Healthy People 2020 is to eliminate health disparities. In 2011 and 2013, CDC’s published Health Disparities and Inequalities reports that assessed disparities across a wide range of factors. As a follow up to the reports, CDC is publishing reports that present specific interventions that have proven effective in reducing disparities. This report is the second in the series and address particular disparities observed by race and ethnicity, socioeconomic status, geographic location, disability, and sexual orientation across a range of conditions, including asthma, infection with HIV and Hepatitis A, use of colorectal cancer screening, youth violence, food security, and health-related quality of life.
Surveillance of Vaccination Coverage Among Adult Populations — United States, 2014
FEBRUARY 5, 2016
Adults are recommended to receive vaccinations based on their age, underlying medical conditions, lifestyle, prior vaccinations, and other considerations. Updated vaccination recommendations from CDC are published annually in the U.S. Adult Immunization Schedule. Despite longstanding recommendations for use of many vaccines, vaccination coverage among U.S. adults is low. Data for 2014 for adult vaccination coverage in the United States indicate that aside from a few minor improvements, vaccination coverage among adults in 2014 was similar to estimates from 2013. This report represents the first comprehensive release of adult vaccination coverage data to include assessment of associations with expanded data on demographic characteristics of respondents including access to health care. These findings can be used by public health practitioners, adult vaccination providers, and the general public to better understand factors that contribute to low vaccination and modify strategies and interventions to improve vaccination coverage.
Recommendations and Reports
Clinical Framework and Medical Countermeasure Use During an Anthrax Mass-Casualty Incident
DECEMBER 4, 2015
An aerosolized release of Bacillus anthracis spores over densely populated areas could become a mass-casualty incident. This report addresses elements of hospital-based acute care, specifically antitoxins and intravenous antimicrobial use, and the diagnosis and management of common anthrax-specific complications during a mass-casualty incident. This report is intended for use by clinicians treating patients in the event of an anthrax mass-casualty incident and by federal, state, and local public health officials and health care administrators in the development of crisis protocols for such an incident.
Summary of Notifiable Infectious Diseases and Conditions
The official statistics, in tabular and graphic form, for the reported occurrence of nationally notifiable infectious diseases
Summary of Notifiable Noninfectious Conditions and Disease Outbreaks
The official statistics, in tabular and graphic form, for the reported occurrence of nationally notifiable noninfectious conditions and disease outbreaks in the United States.
- Page last reviewed: February 12, 2016
- Page last updated: February 12, 2016
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