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Disease Surveillance and Monitoring

Disease Surveillance and Monitoring [PDF - 609 KB]

Photograph of workers around a laptop.

To meet the most urgent health threats, public health needs the right data to identify and develop effective and timely actions that save lives and keep Americans safe and secure.

  • CDC has a legacy of innovative disease surveillance and monitoring that is the cornerstone of public health.
  • CDC provides scientific expertise, guidance, and tools across the U.S. and the world to prepare for emerging health threats and help prevent disease, injury, and disability.
  • CDC epidemiologists monitor the health status of populations so effective actions are developed that improve public health.

CDC is the Nation′s Disease Tracker

  • Through CDC′s National Vital Statistics System, states collect and disseminate vital statistics (births, deaths, marriages, fetal deaths) as part of America′s oldest and most successful intergovernmental public health data sharing system.
  • Laboratory tracking of diseases affecting people such as TB, HIV, hospital infections, influenza, foodborne and water illness.
  • The web–based Environmental Public Health Tracking Network monitors environmental data and chronic health conditions and in more than 70 actions prevented against environmental exposures.
  • The Global Disease Detection program has centers around the world and, with the World Health Organization, helps countries’ ability to detect and respond to health threats.
  • Page last reviewed: March 19, 2014
  • Page last updated: March 19, 2014
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