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Prevention & Control

Currently, there is no vaccine to prevent shigellosis. However, you can reduce your risk of getting shigellosis by:

  • Carefully washing your hands with soap during key times:
    • Before eating.
    • After changing a diaper or helping to clean another person who has defecated (pooped).
  • If you care for a child in diapers who has shigellosis, promptly discard the soiled diapers in a lidded, lined garbage can, and wash your hands and the child’s hands carefully with soap and water immediately after changing the diapers. Any leaks or spills of diaper contents should be cleaned up immediately.
  • Avoid swallowing water from ponds, lakes, or untreated swimming pools.
  • When traveling internationally, follow food and water precautions strictly and wash hands with soap frequently. For more information, see Travelers' Health – Food and Water Safety.
  • Avoid sexual activity with those who have diarrhea or who recently recovered from diarrhea.

Fact Sheet: Shigella-Shigellosis

Shigella-Shigellosis fact sheet

Message: Learn what Shigella is, how you get sick from Shigella bacteria, and how you can protect yourself or your family members from getting sick.
Audience: General public.

Fact Sheet: Shigella [PDF – 260 kb]

Fact Sheet: Shigella Infections among Gay and Bisexual Men

MSM factsheet

Message: Safe sex practices can help reduce the risk of getting shigellosis.
Audience: Gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM).

Web: Shigella Infections among Gay and Bisexual Men: Patient Information

Fact Sheet:  Shigella Infections among Gay and Bisexual Men [PDF – 870K] (Content contains mature language)

Fact Sheet: Does Your Child Have Diarrhea?

Does Your Child Have Diarrhea?

Message: Overview of Shigella infections: Symptoms, prevention measures, and steps to get better.
Audience: General public.

Web: Does Your Child Have Diarrhea?

Fact Sheet: Does Your Child Have Diarrhea? [PDF – 538K]