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Prevention & Control

Currently, there is no vaccine to prevent shigellosis. However, you can reduce your risk of getting shigellosis by:

  • Carefully washing your hands with soap during key times:
    • Before eating.
    • After changing a diaper or helping to clean another person who has defecated (pooped).
  • If you care for a child in diapers who has shigellosis, promptly discard the soiled diapers in a lidded, lined garbage can, and wash your hands and the child’s hands carefully with soap and water immediately after changing the diapers. Any leaks or spills of diaper contents should be cleaned up immediately.
  • Avoid swallowing water from ponds, lakes, or untreated swimming pools.
  • When traveling internationally, follow food and water precautions strictly and wash hands with soap frequently. For more information, see Travelers' Health - Food and Water Safety.
  • Avoid sexual activity with those who have diarrhea or who recently recovered from diarrhea.

Fact Sheet: Shigella Infections among Gay and Bisexual Men

MSM factsheet

Message: Safe sex practices can help reduce the risk of getting shigellosis.
Audience: Gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM).

Web: Shigella Infections among Gay and Bisexual Men: Patient Information

Fact Sheet:  Shigella Infections among Gay and Bisexual Men [PDF - 1 MB] (Content contains mature language)

Fact Sheet: Does Your Child Have Diarrhea?

Does Your Child Have Diarrhea?

Message: Overview of Shigella infections: Symptoms, prevention measures, and steps to get better.
Audience: General public.

Web: Does Your Child Have Diarrhea?

Fact Sheet: Does Your Child Have Diarrhea? [PDF - 551 KB]

  • Page last reviewed: March 14, 2016
  • Page last updated: March 14, 2016
  • Content source:
    • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
      National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID)
      Division of Foodborne, Waterborne, and Environmental Diseases (DFWED)