Pertussis in Other Countries
In 2018, the World Health Organizationexternal icon (WHO) reported 151,074 pertussis cases globally. Based on 2008 data WHO estimated that there were 89,000 deaths. However, a publication modeling pertussis cases and deaths with data from 2014 estimates that there were 24.1 million pertussis cases and 160,700 deaths in children younger than 5 years worldwide.
While Bordetella pertussis circulates worldwide, disease rates are highest among young children in countries where vaccination coverage is low, primarily in the developing world. In developed countries, the incidence of pertussis is highest among unvaccinated babies and increases again among teens.
Pertussis remains one of the leading causes of vaccine-preventable deaths worldwide, despite overall high vaccination coverage. Most pertussis deaths occur in young babies who are either unvaccinated or incompletely vaccinated.
If traveling internationally, read the Travelers’ Health Yellow Book chapter on pertussis.
The Latin American Pertussis Project (LAPP) is a collaboration between the Meningitis and Vaccine Preventable Diseases Branch within CDC’s Division of Bacterial Diseases, the Sabin Vaccine Institute, the Pan American Health Organization, and the Ministries of Health in select Latin American countries. The goal of LAPP is to expand the understanding of current pertussis epidemiology in Latin America in order to guide national and regional pertussis prevention and control strategies.
The following web pages provide information about LAPP partners, as well as resources on pertussis surveillance, laboratory diagnostics, and vaccines.
- Pinell-McNamara V, Acosta AM, Pedreira MC, et al. Expanding pertussis epidemiology in 6 Latin America countries through the Latin American Pertussis Project. Emerg Infect Dis. 2017; 23(Suppl 1):S94–100 doi.org/10.3201/eid2313.170457. [Epub Nov 20,2017].
- Yeung KHT, Duclos P, Anthony E, et al. An update of the global burden of pertussis in children younger than 5 years: A modelling studyexternal icon. Lancet. 2017;17:974–80.
- WHO Immunization Coverage Factsheetexternal icon.
- Liu L, Oza S, Hogan D, et al. Global, regional, and national causes of child mortality in 2000-13, with projections to inform post-2015 priorities: An updated systematic analysisexternal icon. Lancet. 2015;385:430–40.
- Black RE et al, for the Child Health Epidemiology Reference Group of WHO and UNICEF. Global, regional, and national causes of child mortality in 2008: a systematic analysisexternal icon. Lancet. 2010; 375:1969–87.
- Crowcroft NS, Stein C, Duclos P, et al. How best to estimate the global burden of pertussisexternal icon. Lancet Infect Dis. 2003;3:413–8.
- Falleiros Arlant LH, de Colsa A, Flores D, et al. Pertussis in Latin America: epidemiology and control strategiesexternal icon (In English). Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther.
- International Bordetella pertussis assay standardization and harmonization meeting reportexternal icon (In English). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 19–20 July 2007.
- van Amersfoorth SCM, Schouls LM, van der Heide HGJ, et al. Analysis of Bordetella pertussis populations in European countries with different vaccination policiesexternal icon (In English). J Clin Microbiol, 2005;43:2837–43.