Uranium (soluble compounds, as U)
Immediately Dangerous to Life or Health Concentrations (IDLH)
CAS number: Varies
NIOSH REL: 0.05 mg/m3 TWA; NIOSH considers soluble uranium compounds to be potential occupational carcinogens as defined by the OSHA carcinogen policy [29 CFR 1990].
Current OSHA PEL: 0.05 mg/m3 TWA
1989 OSHA PEL: Same as current PEL
1993-1994 ACGIH TLV: 0.2 mg/m3 TWA, 0.6 mg/m3 STEL
Description of substance: Varies
Original (SCP) IDLH: 20 mg U/m3
Basis for original (SCP) IDLH: The chosen IDLH is based on the statement by Patty  that UO2(NO3)2×6H20 of respirable particle size and dusts and mists of UF6, UO2F2, and UCl4 were generally fatal to most laboratory species when exposed daily for 1 month at 20 mg/m3 [Wilson et al. 1953]. No useful data on acute inhalation toxicity are available on which to base the IDLH.
Short-term exposure guidelines: None developed
ACUTE TOXICITY DATA:
Lethal dose data:
|Adjusted LD||Derived value|
|Spector 1956||oral||-----||12||84 mg/m3||8.4 mg/m3|
|Spector 1956||oral||-----||238||1,666 mg/m3||167 mg/m3|
Other animal data: No grossly observable signs or symptoms were induced in mice, rats, guinea pigs, rabbits, or dogs following the first day of exposure to 20 mg/m3 of UF6 (13.5 mg U/m3), UO2F2 (15.5 mg U/m3), Ucl4 (12.5 mg U/m3), or UO2(NO3)2×H2O (9.5 mg U/m3) [Wilson et al. 1953].
Human data: None relevant for use in determining the revised IDLH.
|Revised IDLH: 10 mg U/m3
Basis for revised IDLH: The revised IDLH for soluble uranium compounds is 10 mg U/m3 based on chronic toxicity data in animals [Wilson et al. 1953]. [Note: NIOSH recommends as part of its carcinogen policy that the "most protective" respirators be worn for soluble uranium compounds at concentrations above 0.05 mg U/m3.]
1. Patty FA, ed. . Industrial hygiene and toxicology. 2nd rev. ed. Vol. II. Toxicology. New York, NY: Interscience Publishers, Inc., p. 1167.
2. Spector WS, ed. . Handbook of toxicology. Vol. I. Acute toxicities. Philadelphia, PA: W.B. Saunders Company, p. 310.
3. Wilson HB, Stokinger HE, Sylvester GE . Acute toxicity of carnotite ore dust. AMA Arch Ind Hyg Occup Med 7:301-309.