Immediately Dangerous to Life or Health Concentrations (IDLH)
CAS number: 540–59–0
NIOSH REL: 200 ppm (790 mg/m3) TWA
Current OSHA PEL: 200 ppm (790 mg/m3) TWA
1989 OSHA PEL: Same as current PEL
1993-1994 ACGIH TLV: 200 ppm (790 mg/m3) TWA
Description of Substance: Colorless liquid (usually a mixture of the cis & trans isomers) with a slightly acrid, chloroform-like odor.
LEL:. . 5.6% (10% LEL, 5,600 ppm)
Original (SCP) IDLH: 4,000 ppm
Basis for original (SCP) IDLH: Patty  reported that rats exposed to the cis-isomer of dichloroethylene for 4 hours at 8,000 ppm were neither killed nor anesthetized, but at 16,000 ppm, anesthesia occurred in 8 minutes and death occurred in 4 hours [Smyth 1956]. Because Patty  also reported that the trans-isomer was twice as toxic and anesthetic as the cis-isomer, an IDLH of 4,000 ppm is chosen.
Short-term exposure guidelines: None developed
ACUTE TOXICITY DATA
Lethal concentration data:
|Species||Reference||LC50(ppm)||LCLo(ppm)||Time||Adjusted 0.5-hrLC (CF)||Derivedvalue|
|ATSDR 1990||21,723||—–||6 hr||130,338 ppm (2.3)||13,034 ppm|
|Smyth 1956||—–||16,000||6 hr||32,000 ppm (2.0)||3,200 ppm|
Lethal dose data:
|Species||Reference||Route||LD50(mg/kg)||LDLo(mg/kg)||Adjusted LD||Derived value|
|Rat||USDA 1966||oral||770||—–||1,337 ppm||134 ppm|
|Freudt et al. 1977||oral||1,275||—–||8,925 ppm||893 ppm|
Human data: It has been reported that exposure to the trans-isomer at 2,200 ppm caused burning of the eyes, vertigo, and nausea [von Oettingen 1955]. An exposure to the trans-isomer at 819 ppm for 30 minutes has been reported to cause no untoward effects, while inhalation of either 1,687 to 2,184 ppm for 5 minutes or 1,191 ppm for 10 minutes has resulted in vertigo, pressure in the head, and somnolence [von Oettingen 1937].
|Revised IDLH: 1,000 ppmBasis for revised IDLH: The revised IDLH for 1,2-dichloroethylene is 1,000 ppm based on acute inhalation toxicity data in humans [von Oettingen 1937, 1955].|
1. ATSDR . Toxicological profile for 1,2-dichloroethene. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. ATSDR/TP-90-13, pp. 9-52.
2. Freudt KJ, Liebaldt GP, Lieberwirth E . Toxicity studies on trans-1,2-dichloroethylene. Toxicology 7:141-153.
3. Patty FA, ed. . Industrial hygiene and toxicology. 2nd rev. ed. Vol. II. Toxicology. New York, NY: Interscience Publishers, Inc., p. 1308.
4. Smyth HF Jr . Improved communication: hygienic standards for daily inhalation. Am Ind Hyg Assoc Q 17(2):129-185.
5. USDA . Informative memo no. 20. Beltsville, MD: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Entomology Research Division, Pesticide Chemicals Research Branch, p. 10.
6. von Oettingen WF . The halogenated hydrocarbons: their toxicity and potential dangers. J Ind Hyg Toxicol 19(8):409-411.
7. von Oettingen WF . The halogenated hydrocarbons, toxicity and potential dangers. Washington, DC: U.S. Public Health Service Publication No. 414, p. 199. [From ACGIH . 1,2-Dichloroethylene. In: Documentation of the threshold limit values and biological exposure indices. 6th ed. Cincinnati, OH: American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists, pp. 429-431.]