Infants born with HIV who remain undiagnosed are vulnerable to disease progression during the first 1–2 years of life, including opportunistic infections and encephalopathy. Because of advances in HIV care and treatment, an AIDS diagnosis (Stage 3 HIV diagnosis) among children born with HIV is highly uncommon, particularly among infants born after the use of antiretroviral therapy became routine.


Estimated number of pregnant women living with HIV infection in 2006, United States1

  1. Whitmore et al. Estimated number of infants born to HIV-infected women in the United States and five dependent areas, 2006. JAIDS. 2011;57(3):218-222.
Page last reviewed: May 22, 2019