HIV

Infants born with HIV who remain undiagnosed are vulnerable to disease progression during the first 1–2 years of life, including opportunistic infections and encephalopathy. Because of advances in HIV care and treatment, an AIDS diagnosis (Stage 3 HIV diagnosis) among children born with HIV is highly uncommon, particularly among infants born after the use of antiretroviral therapy became routine.

8,700

Estimated number of pregnant women living with HIV infection in 2006, United States1

Number of women aged 13-44 years living with diagnosed HIV infection, United States2

Number of HIV diagnoses among infants, United States3,4

References
  1. Whitmore et al. Estimated number of infants born to HIV-infected women in the United States and five dependent areas, 2006. JAIDS. 2011;57(3):218-222.
  2. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. NCHHSTP AtlasPlus. Accessed June 2020.
  3. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Monitoring selected national HIV prevention and care objectives by using HIV surveillance data—United States and 6 dependent areas, 2017. HIV Surveillance Supplemental Report 2019;24(No. 3).pdf icon Table 8b, years 2010-2013.
  4. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Monitoring selected national HIV prevention and care objectives by using HIV surveillance data—United States and 6 dependent areas, 2018. HIV Surveillance Supplemental Report 2020;25(No. 2).pdf icon Table 9b, years 2014-2018.
Page last reviewed: July 10, 2020