CDC Science Clips: Volume 13, Issue 8, March 2, 2021
Science Clips is produced weekly to enhance awareness of emerging scientific knowledge for the public health community. Each article features an Altmetric Attention scoreexternal icon to track social and mainstream media mentions.
- CDC Authored Publications
The names of CDC authors are indicated in bold text.
Articles published in the past 6-8 weeks authored by CDC or ATSDR staff.
- Chronic Diseases and Conditions
The role of stress in breast cancer incidence: risk factors, interventions, and directions for the futureexternal icon
Bowen DJ, Poole SF, White M, Lyn R, Flores DA, Haile HG, Williams DR.
Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2021 ;18(4):1-15.
Associations of progression to diabetes and regression to normal glucose tolerance with development of cardiovascular and microvascular disease among people with impaired glucose tolerance: a secondary analysis of the 30 year Da Qing Diabetes Prevention Outcome Studyexternal icon
Chen Y, Zhang P, Wang J, Gong Q, An Y, Qian X, Zhang B, Li H, Gregg EW, Bennett PH, Li G.
Diabetologia. 2021 Feb 19.
Public health aspects of periodontitis: Recent advances and contributions by Dr. Robert J. Gencoexternal icon
Eke PI, Borgnakke WS, Thornton-Evans G.
Curr Oral Health Rep. 2021 ;8(1).
Stomach cancer incidence and mortality trends among circumpolar nationsexternal icon
Simkin J, Nash SH, Barchuk A, O'Brien DK, Erickson AC, Hanley B, Hannah H, Corriveau A, Larsen IK, Skovlund CW, Larønningen S, Dummer TJ, Bruce MG, Ogilvie G.
Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2021 Feb 24.
- Communicable Diseases
A cross-sectional study of latent tuberculosis infection, insurance coverage, and usual sources of health care among non-US-born persons in the United Statesexternal icon
Annan E, Stockbridge EL, Katz D, Mun EY, Miller TL.
Medicine (Baltimore). 2021 Feb 19;100(7):e24838.
Cryptococcal antigen screening among antiretroviral therapy-experienced people with HIV with viral load nonsuppression in rural Ugandaexternal icon
Baluku JB, Mugabe P, Mwebaza S, Nakaweesi J, Senyimba C, Opio JP, Mukasa B.
Open Forum Infect Dis. 2021 Feb;8(2):ofab010.
Suspected recurrent SARS-CoV-2 infections among residents of a skilled nursing facility during a second COVID-19 outbreak - Kentucky, July-November 2020external icon
Cavanaugh AM, Thoroughman D, Miranda H, Spicer K.
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2021 Feb 26;70(8):273-277.
Drug susceptibility patterns of Mycobacterium tuberculosis from adults with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis and implications for a household contact preventive therapy trialexternal icon
Demers AM, Kim S, McCallum S, Eisenach K, Hughes M, Naini L, Mendoza-Ticona A, Pradhan N, Narunsky K, Poongulali S, Badal-Faesen S, Upton C, Smith E, Shah NS, Churchyard G, Gupta A, Hesseling A, Swindells S.
BMC Infect Dis. 2021 Feb 24;21(1):205.
Characteristics and outcomes of US children and adolescents with multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C) compared with severe acute COVID-19external icon
Feldstein LR, Tenforde MW, Friedman KG, Newhams M, Rose EB, Dapul H, Soma VL, Maddux AB, Mourani PM, Bowens C, Maamari M, Hall MW, Riggs BJ, Giuliano JS, Singh AR, Li S, Kong M, Schuster JE, McLaughlin GE, Schwartz SP, Walker TC, Loftis LL, Hobbs CV, Halasa NB, Doymaz S, Babbitt CJ, Hume JR, Gertz SJ, Irby K, Clouser KN, Cvijanovich NZ, Bradford TT, Smith LS, Heidemann SM, Zackai SP, Wellnitz K, Nofziger RA, Horwitz SM, Carroll RW, Rowan CM, Tarquinio KM, Mack EH, Fitzgerald JC, Coates BM, Jackson AM, Young CC, Son MB, Patel MM, Newburger JW, Randolph AG.
Jama. 2021 Feb 24.
First identified cases of SARS-CoV-2 variant B.1.1.7 in Minnesota - December 2020-January 2021external icon
Firestone MJ, Lorentz AJ, Wang X, Como-Sabetti K, Vetter S, Smith K, Holzbauer S, Meyer S, Ehresmann K, Danila R, Lynfield R.
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2021 Feb 26;70(8):278-279.
Clusters of SARS-CoV-2 infection among elementary school educators and students in one school district - Georgia, December 2020-January 2021external icon
Gold JA, Gettings JR, Kimball A, Franklin R, Rivera G, Morris E, Scott C, Marcet PL, Hast M, Swanson M, McCloud J, Mehari L, Thomas ES, Kirking HL, Tate JE, Memark J, Drenzek C, Vallabhaneni S.
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2021 Feb 26;70(8):289-292.
County-level variation in hepatitis C virus mortality and trends in the United States, 2005-2017external icon
Hall EW, Schillie S, Vaughan AS, Jones J, Bradley H, Lopman B, Rosenberg E, Sullivan P.
Hepatology. 2021 Feb 20.
Developing national genotype-independent indicators for recent mycobacterium tuberculosis transmission using pediatric cases - United States, 2011-2017external icon
Harrist AV, McDaniel CJ, Wortham JM, Althomsons SP.
Public Health Rep. 2021 Feb 19.
Media reports as a tool for timely monitoring of COVID-19-related deaths among first responders - United States, April 2020external icon
Kelly-Reif K, Rinsky JL, Chiu SK, Burrer S, de Perio MA, Trotter AG, Miura SS, Seo JY, Hong R, Friedman L, Hand J, Richardson G, Sokol T, Sparer-Fine EH, Laing J, Oliveri A, McGreevy K, Borjan M, Harduar-Morano L, Luckhaupt SE.
Public Health Rep. 2021 Feb 22.
Prevalence of condomless anal intercourse and associated risk factors among men who have sex with men in Bamako, Maliexternal icon
Knox J, Patnaik P, Hakim AJ, Telly N, Ballo T, Traore B, Doumbia S, Lahuerta M.
Int J STD AIDS. 2021 Mar;32(3):218-227.
Impact of non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPIs) for SARS-CoV-2 on norovirus outbreaks: an analysis of outbreaks reported by 9 US statesexternal icon
Kraay AN, Han P, Kambhampati AK, Wikswo ME, Mirza SA, Lopman BA.
J Infect Dis. 2021 Feb 19.
Key population hotspots in Nigeria for targeted HIV program planning: Mapping, validation, and reconciliationexternal icon
Lo J, Nwafor SU, Schwitters AM, Mitchell A, Sebastian V, Stafford KA, Ezirim I, Charurat M, McIntyre AF.
JMIR Public Health Surveill. 2021 Feb 22;7(2):e25623.
Nonmetropolitan COVID-19 incidence and mortality rates surpassed metropolitan rates within the first 24 weeks of the pandemic declaration: United States, March 1-October 18, 2020external icon
Matthews KA, Ullrich F, Gaglioti AH, Dugan S, Chen MS, Hall DM.
J Rural Health. 2021 Feb 22.
Detection of B.1.351 SARS-CoV-2 variant strain - Zambia, December 2020external icon
Mwenda M, Saasa N, Sinyange N, Busby G, Chipimo PJ, Hendry J, Kapona O, Yingst S, Hines JZ, Minchella P, Simulundu E, Changula K, Nalubamba KS, Sawa H, Kajihara M, Yamagishi J, Kapin'a M, Kapata N, Fwoloshi S, Zulu P, Mulenga LB, Agolory S, Mukonka V, Bridges DJ.
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2021 Feb 26;70(8):280-282.
Viral etiology and seasonal trends of pediatric acute febrile illness in southern Puerto Rico; a seven-year reviewexternal icon
Sánchez-González L, Quandelacy TM, Johansson M, Torres-Velásquez B, Lorenzi O, Tavarez M, Torres S, Alvarado LI, Paz-Bailey G.
PLoS One. 2021 ;16(2):e0247481.
Impact of COVID-19 on U.S. hospitals and patients, April - July 2020external icon
Sapiano MR, Dudeck MA, Soe M, Edwards JR, O'Leary EN, Wu H, Allen-Bridson K, Amor A, Arcement R, Chernetsky Tejedor S, Dantes R, Gross C, Haass K, Konnor R, Kroop SR, Leaptrot D, Lemoine K, Nkwata A, Peterson K, Wattenmaker L, Weiner-Lastinger LM, Pollock D, Benin AL.
Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2021 Feb 19:1-28.
Addressing the STI epidemic through the Medicaid program: A roadmap for states and managed care organizationsexternal icon
Seiler N, Horton K, Pearson WS, Cramer R, Adil M, Bishop D, Heyison C.
Public Health Rep. 2021 Feb 22.
Epidemiology of HIV in the USA: epidemic burden, inequities, contexts, and responsesexternal icon
Sullivan PS, Satcher Johnson A, Pembleton ES, Stephenson R, Justice AC, Althoff KN, Bradley H, Castel AD, Oster AM, Rosenberg ES, Mayer KH, Beyrer C.
Lancet. 2021 Feb 18.
Identifying COVID-19 risk through observational studies to inform control measuresexternal icon
Tenforde MW, Fisher KA, Patel MM.
Jama. 2021 Feb 22.
Antiretroviral treatment initiation among HIV-positive participants in the Bangkok men who have sex with men cohort study, 2006-2016external icon
Wimonsate W, Sriporn A, Pattanasin S, Varangrat A, Promda N, Sukwicha W, Holtz TH, Ungsedhapand C, Chitwarakorn A, Hickey AC, Dunne EF.
Int J STD AIDS. 2021 Feb 25.
- Disease Reservoirs and Vectors
Using soil survey data to model potential Coccidioides soil habitat and inform Valley fever epidemiologyexternal icon
Dobos RR, Benedict K, Jackson BR, McCotter OZ.
PLoS One. 2021 ;16(2):e0247263.
Spatial clustering of livestock Anthrax events associated with agro-ecological zones in Kenya, 1957-2017external icon
Nderitu LM, Gachohi J, Otieno F, Mogoa EG, Muturi M, Mwatondo A, Osoro EM, Ngere I, Munyua PM, Oyas H, Njagi O, Lofgren E, Marsh T, Widdowson MA, Bett B, Njenga MK.
BMC Infect Dis. 2021 Feb 18;21(1):191.
- Drug Safety
Outpatient insulin-related adverse events due to mix-up errors: Findings from two national surveillance systems, United States, 2012-2017external icon
Geller AI, Conrad AO, Weidle NJ, Mehta H, Budnitz DS, Shehab N.
Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2021 Feb 24.
- Environmental Health
Status of state cyanoHAB outreach and monitoring efforts, United Statesexternal icon
Hardy FJ, Preece E, Backer L.
Lake Reserv Manage. 2020 .
Cyanobacteria growth in nitrogen- & phosphorus-spiked water from a hypereutrophic reservoir in Kentucky, USAexternal icon
Hughes SE, Marion JW.
J Environ Prot. 2021 Feb;12(2):75-89.
Communicating effectively to overcome misinformationexternal icon
Khan A, Dove T, Segerlind S.
J Environ Health. 2021 ;83(6):44-46.
Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances and calcifications of the coronary and aortic arteries in adults with prediabetes: Results from the Diabetes Prevention Program Outcomes Studyexternal icon
Osorio-Yáñez C, Sanchez-Guerra M, Cardenas A, Lin PD, Hauser R, Gold DR, Kleinman KP, Hivert MF, Fleisch AF, Calafat AM, Webster TF, Horton ES, Oken E.
Environ Int. 2021 Feb 22;151:106446.
Chronic environmental contamination: A systematic review of psychological health consequencesexternal icon
Schmitt HJ, Calloway EE, Sullivan D, Clausen WH, Tucker PG, Rayman J, Gerhardstein B.
Sci Total Environ. 2021 ;772.
- Health Behavior and Risk
Follow-up survey of US adult reports of mental health, substance use, and suicidal ideation during the COVID-19 pandemic, September 2020external icon
Czeisler M, Lane RI, Wiley JF, Czeisler CA, Howard ME, Rajaratnam SM.
JAMA Netw Open. 2021 Feb 1;4(2):e2037665.
- Health Disparities
A census tract-level examination of differences in social determinants of health among people with HIV, by race/ethnicity and geography, United States and Puerto Rico, 2017external icon
Johnson Lyons S, Gant Z, Jin C, Dailey A, Nwangwu-Ike N, Satcher Johnson A.
Public Health Rep. 2021 Feb 25.
- Health Economics
Estimated Medicaid costs associated with hepatitis A during an outbreak - West Virginia, 2018-2019external icon
Batdorf SJ, Hofmeister MG, Surtees TC, Thomasson ED, McBee SM, Pauly NJ.
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2021 Feb 26;70(8):269-272.
Systematic review of violence prevention economic evaluations, 2000-2019external icon
Peterson C, Kearns MC.
Am J Prev Med. 2021 Feb 16.
Receipt of and spending on cessation medication among US adults with employer-sponsored health insurance, 2010 and 2017external icon
Shrestha SS, Xu X, Wang X, Babb SD, Armour BS, King BA, Trivers KF.
Public Health Rep. 2021 Feb 18.
- Healthcare Associated Infections
Rates and causative pathogens of surgical site infections attributed to liver transplant procedures and other hepatic, biliary or pancreatic procedures, 2015-2018external icon
Chea N, Sapiano MR, Zhou L, Epstein L, Guh A, Edwards JR, Allen-Bridson K, Russo V, Watkins J, Pouch SM, Magill SS.
Transpl Infect Dis. 2021 Feb 22:e13589.
Core components of infection prevention and control programs at the facility level in Georgia: key challenges and opportunitiesexternal icon
Deryabina A, Lyman M, Yee D, Gelieshvilli M, Sanodze L, Madzgarashvili L, Weiss J, Kilpatrick C, Rabkin M, Skaggs B, Kolwaite A.
Antimicrob Resist Infect Control. 2021 Feb 24;10(1):39.
MALDI-TOF MS: an alternative approach for ribotyping Clostridioides difficile isolates in Brazilexternal icon
Gouveia CL, Abreu PT, Hercules M, John B, Cavalcanti Pilotto DR, de Oliveira FE.
Anaerobe. 2021 Feb 20:102351.
Evaluation of methods for detection of β-lactamase production in MSSAexternal icon
Skov R, Lonsway DR, Larsen J, Larsen AR, Samulioniené J, Limbago BM.
J Antimicrob Chemother. 2021 Feb 22.
- Immunity and Immunization
First month of COVID-19 vaccine safety monitoring - United States, December 14, 2020-January 13, 2021external icon
Gee J, Marquez P, Su J, Calvert GM, Liu R, Myers T, Nair N, Martin S, Clark T, Markowitz L, Lindsey N, Zhang B, Licata C, Jazwa A, Sotir M, Shimabukuro T.
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2021 Feb 26;70(8):283-288.
First-dose COVID-19 vaccination coverage among skilled nursing facility residents and staffexternal icon
Gharpure R, Patel A, Link-Gelles R.
Jama. 2021 Feb 24.
Identifying vaccine-associated rash illness amidst a large measles outbreak: Minnesota, 2017external icon
Martin KG, Banerjee E, McMahon M, Kenyon C, Strain A, Halstead Muscoplat M, Gastañaduy PA, Rota PA, Mody RK, Ehresmann K.
Clin Infect Dis. 2020 Dec 3;71(9):e517-e519.
Significant declines in juvenile onset recurrent respiratory papillomatosis following HPV vaccine introduction in the United Statesexternal icon
Meites E, Stone L, Amiling R, Singh V, Unger ER, Derkay C, Markowitz LE.
Clin Infect Dis. 2021 Feb 23.
Evaluating a mobile phone-delivered text message reminder intervention to reduce infant vaccination dropout in Arua, Uganda: Protocol for a randomized controlled trialexternal icon
Ehlman DC, Magoola J, Tanifum P, Wallace AS, Behumbiize P, Mayanja R, Luzze H, Yukich J, Daniels D, Mugenyi K, Baryarama F, Ayebazibwe N, Conklin L.
JMIR Res Protoc. 2021 Feb 24;10(2):e17262.
Chainchecker: An application to visualise and explore transmission chains for Ebola virus diseaseexternal icon
Gaythorpe K, Morris A, Imai N, Stewart M, Freeman J, Choi M.
PLoS One. 2021 ;16(2):e0247002.
- Injury and Violence
Association of self-reported depression and anger with law enforcement officers' physical abuse of Black men in 4 Georgia counties, 2011external icon
Iqbal SA, Truman BI, Crosby AE.
J Natl Med Assoc. 2021 Feb 15.
Prevalence of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and associated health risks and risk behaviors among young women and men in Hondurasexternal icon
Kappel RH, Livingston MD, Patel SN, Villaveces A, Massetti GM.
Child Abuse Negl. 2021 Feb 19;115:104993.
Changes in suicide rates - United States, 2018-2019external icon
Stone DM, Jones CM, Mack KA.
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2021 Feb 26;70(8):261-268.
- Laboratory Sciences
Development and validation of a biomonitoring method to measure As, Cr, and Ni in human urine samples by ICP-UCT-MSexternal icon
Jones DR, Jarrett JM, Stukes D, Baer A, McMichael M, Wallon K, Xiao G, Jones RL.
Int J Hyg Environ Health. 2021 Feb 20;234:113713.
Lung toxicity and gene expression changes in response to whole-body inhalation exposure to cellulose nanocrystal in ratsexternal icon
Joseph P, Umbright CM, Roberts JR, Cumpston JL, Orandle MS, McKinney WG, Sager TM.
Inhal Toxicol. 2021 Feb 18:1-15.
A real-time multiplex PCR assay for detection of the causative agents of rat bite fever, Streptobacillus moniliformis and zoonoticStreptobacillus speciesexternal icon
Kelly AJ, Ivey ML, Gulvik CA, Humrighouse BW, McQuiston JR.
Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 2021 Feb 3;100(2):115335.
Surface dosimetry of ultraviolet germicidal irradiation using a colorimetric techniqueexternal icon
Neu DT, Mead KR, McClelland TL, Lindsley WG, Martin SB, Heil G, See M, Feng HA.
Ann Work Expo Health. 2021 Feb 22.
Longitudinal investigation of pubertal milestones and hormones as a function of body fat in girlsexternal icon
Ortega MT, McGrath JA, Carlson L, Flores Poccia V, Larson G, Douglas C, Sun BZ, Zhao S, Beery B, Vesper HW, Duke L, Botelho JC, Filie AC, Shaw ND.
J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2021 Feb 25.
Performance and implementation evaluation of the Abbott BinaxNOW Rapid Antigen Test in a high-throughput drive-through community testing site in Massachusettsexternal icon
Pollock NR, Jacobs JR, Tran K, Cranston AE, Smith S, O'Kane CY, Roady TJ, Moran A, Scarry A, Carroll M, Volinsky L, Perez G, Patel P, Gabriel S, Lennon NJ, Madoff LC, Brown C, Smole SC.
J Clin Microbiol. 2021 Feb 23.
Detection of tick-borne bacteria from whole blood using 16s ribosomal RNA gene PCR followed by next-generation sequencingexternal icon
Rodino KG, Wolf MJ, Sheldon S, Kingry LC, Petersen JM, Patel R, Pritt BS.
J Clin Microbiol. 2021 Feb 24.
Sensitive and feasible specimen collection and testing strategies for diagnosing tuberculosis in young childrenexternal icon
Song R, Click ES, McCarthy KD, Heilig CM, McHembere W, Smith JP, Fajans M, Musau SK, Okeyo E, Okumu A, Orwa J, Gethi D, Odeny L, Lee SH, Perez-Velez CM, Wright CA, Cain KP.
JAMA Pediatr. 2021 Feb 22:e206069.
Genomic surveillance and improved molecular typing of Bordetella pertussis using wgMLSTexternal icon
Weigand MR, Peng Y, Pouseele H, Kania D, Bowden KE, Williams MM, Tondella ML.
J Clin Microbiol. 2021 Feb 24.
- Maternal and Child Health
Prepregnancy body mass index and spina bifida: Potential contributions of biasexternal icon
Johnson CY, Honein MA, Rasmussen SA, Howards PP, Strickland MJ, Flanders WD.
Birth Defects Res. 2021 Feb 19.
Evaluation of sex differences in preschool children with and without autism spectrum disorder enrolled in the Study to Explore Early Developmentexternal icon
Wiggins LD, Rubenstein E, Windham G, Barger B, Croen L, Dowling N, Giarelli E, Levy S, Moody E, Soke G, Fields V, Schieve L.
Res Dev Disabil. 2021 Feb 17;112:103897.
- Occupational Safety and Health
Why surveillance informatics is an integral part of a safe patient handling program: occupational injuries due to patient handling and Movement in 116 US hospitals, Occupational Health Safety Network, 2012-2016external icon
Gomaa A, Groenewold MR, Vanoli K, Nowlin S, Marovich S.
J Assoc Occup Health Pro Healthc. 2020 Fall;40(3):16-25.
Development and application of an innovative instrument to assess work environment factors for injury prevention in the food service industryexternal icon
Markkanen P, Peters SE, Grant M, Dennerlein JT, Wagner GR, Burke L, Wallace L, Sorensen G.
Work. 2021 Feb 16.
Kurtosis: a new tool for noise analysisexternal icon
Qiu W, Murphy WJ, Suter A.
Acoustics Today. 2020 Winter;16(4):39-47.
A deep learning approach for lower back-pain risk prediction during manual liftingexternal icon
Snyder K, Thomas B, Lu ML, Jha R, Barim MS, Hayden M, Werren D.
PLoS One. 2021 ;16(2):e0247162.
- Parasitic Diseases
Correlates of variation in Guinea worm burden among infected domestic dogsexternal icon
Guagliardo SA, Wiegand R, Roy SL, Cleveland CA, Zirimwabagabo H, Chop E, Tchindebet Ouakou P, Ruiz-Tiben E, Hopkins D, Weiss A.
Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2021 Feb 22.
Evaluation of the durability and use of long-lasting insecticidal nets in Nicaraguaexternal icon
Villalta EL, Soto Bravo AM, Vizcaino L, Dzuris N, Delgado M, Green M, Smith SC, Lenhart A, Macedo de Oliveira A.
Malar J. 2021 Feb 19;20(1):106.
- Public Health Law
Legal literacy for public health practitionersexternal icon
Yassine BB, Menon AN, Ramanathan Holiday T, Penn M.
Public Health Rep. 2021 Feb 25.
- Substance Use and Abuse
Using ICD-10-CM codes to detect illicit substance use: A comparison with retrospective self-reportexternal icon
Rowe CL, Santos GM, Kornbluh W, Bhardwaj S, Faul M, Coffin PO.
Drug Alcohol Depend. 2021 Jan 20;221:108537.
"Stories of starting": Understanding the complex contexts of opioid misuse initiationexternal icon
Spencer NE, Taubenberger SP, Roberto R, Krishnamurti LS, Chang JC, Hacker K.
Subst Abus. 2021 Feb 22:1-16.
- Zoonotic and Vectorborne Diseases
Reassortant Cache Valley virus associated with acute febrile, non-neurologic illness, Missouriexternal icon
Baker M, Hughes HR, Naqvi SH, Yates K, Velez JO, McGuirk S, Schroder B, Lambert AJ, Kosoy OI, Pue H, Turabelidze G, Staples JE.
Clin Infect Dis. 2021 Feb 25.
- Chronic Diseases and Conditions
CDC Science Clips Production Staff
- Takudzwa Sayi, Editor
- Gail Bang, MLIS, Librarian
- Kathy Tucker, Librarian
- William (Bill) Thomas, MLIS, Librarian
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- William Friedman, MLIS, Librarian
DISCLAIMER: Articles listed in the CDC Science Clips are selected by the Stephen B. Thacker CDC Library to provide current awareness of the public health literature. An article's inclusion does not necessarily represent the views of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention nor does it imply endorsement of the article's methods or findings. CDC and DHHS assume no responsibility for the factual accuracy of the items presented. The selection, omission, or content of items does not imply any endorsement or other position taken by CDC or DHHS. Opinion, findings and conclusions expressed by the original authors of items included in the Clips, or persons quoted therein, are strictly their own and are in no way meant to represent the opinion or views of CDC or DHHS. References to publications, news sources, and non-CDC Websites are provided solely for informational purposes and do not imply endorsement by CDC or DHHS.