Severe Brain Injury Basics

Key points

  • A severe brain injury can affect all aspects of a person's life.
  • Rehabilitation can improve the overall quality of life for a person living with a severe brain injury.


A person with a severe brain injury will need to be hospitalized and may have long-term problems affecting things such as:

  • Thinking
  • Memory
  • Learning
  • Coordination and balance
  • Speech, hearing or vision
  • Emotions

A severe brain injury can affect all aspects of people’s lives. This includes relationships with family and friends, as well as their ability to work or be employed, do household chores, drive, or do other daily activities.

Getting care

Some of the health problems that result from a severe brain injury may be prevented or lessened through specialized medical care, such as rehabilitation. Getting help is crucial for improving the lives of persons living with a brain injury and lowering the chance for lifelong health problems.