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TB Contact Investigation Interviewing Skills Course

Day 4: Meeting with Contacts for TB Assessment 508 Compliance

  • Meeting with Contacts for TB Assessment (20 slides)

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Slide Number508 Compliance Text 
1

(Title Slide).  Meeting with Contacts for TB Assessment

2

Learning Objectives

After this session, participants will be able to:

  1. Explain why contact assessments are conducted
  2. Explain how contacts are referred for assessment
  3. Explain what information needs to be obtained from a TB contact
  4. Describe how to maintain confidentiality when meeting with contacts
3

Learning Objectives

After this session, participants will be able to:

  1. Explain why contact assessments are conducted
  2. Explain how contacts are referred for assessment
  3. Explain what information needs to be obtained from a TB contact
  4. Describe how to maintain confidentiality when meeting with contacts
4

How Are Contacts Referred for an Assessment? (1)

  • Health department referral
    • Health care worker informs the contact about exposure and the need for a medical evaluation
    • Case referral
    • Case agrees to inform the contact about exposure and the need for a medical evaluation
5How Are Contacts Referred for an Assessment? (2)
  • The case should be given a choice of whether to inform contacts about their exposure to TB prior to health department referral process
  • Discuss referral options with case
6

When and How Should a Contact Assessment be Conducted?

  • The initial contact assessment should be within 3 working days of the contact having been identified
  • Should be conducted in-person
  • The investigator should use effective communication skills

[Image: Health care worker greeting a contact at the contact’s house.]

7

How Do You Conduct the Contact Visit? (1)

Introduce yourself and explain purpose of visit

  • Ask to speak to the contact
  • Verify the contact’s identity
  • Ask to speak in privacy
  • Inform the contact that the purpose of the visit is to discuss a health matter
  • Discuss the contact’s potential exposure to TB, but maintain the case’s confidentiality
8

How to Maintain the Case’s Confidentiality When Meeting with a Contact

  • Do not reveal the case’s name
  • Use gender neutral language
  • Do not mention the name of the case’s health care worker, place and dates of diagnosis, or hospitalization
  • Do not reveal specific dates or environment in which exposure occurred
  • Confidentiality should not be violated even if the contact refuses to be evaluated
9

How to Maintain the Contact’s Confidentiality

  • Inform the contact that medical evaluations may be shared with health care workers who have a “need to know”
  • Assure the contact that their information will not be shared with family, friends, or others without consent
  • Stress that confidentiality is reinforced by local and state policies, statutes, and/or regulations
10

How Do You Conduct the Contact Visit? (2)

  • Provide education on TB
  • Describe TB assessment process
    • Assess for TB symptoms
    • Administer TST/ IGRA or schedule an appointment
  • Ask questions to gather social and medical information to assess the contact’s TB risk and further guide CI efforts
  • Identify barriers to care and treatment
11

Educating the Contact about TB

  • Explain
    • The difference between LTBI and TB disease
    • The progression from LTBI to TB disease
    • Testing for TB infection
    • – Initial test
    • – Possibility for follow-up test
  • Stress the importance of taking LTBI treatment, if needed
12

Tips for Educating Contacts about TB

  • Have culturally and language-specific education materials available
  • Avoid using medical terms and recognize when to refer questions to appropriate personnel
13

Determination of Contacts’ Potential TB Symptoms

During the initial assessment, all contacts with symptoms of TB disease should be medically examined immediately

[Image: A physician and a TB contact reviewing a chest x-ray.]

14

Referral or In-Person Testing for TB Infection with a TST or IGRA

  • Contacts should receive a TST or IGRA unless a previous, documented positive result exists
  • A TST induration of 5 mm or larger is positive
  • A contact with a
    • Positive TST or IGRA should  be medically examined for TB disease
    • Negative TST or IGRA should
      be re-tested 8 to 10 weeks after date of last exposure (window period)

[Image: Induration being measured with a TST ruler.]

15

Obtaining Social and Medical Information

Key information to obtain from contacts:

  • Current TB symptoms (if any) and onset dates
  • Previous LTBI or TB (and related treatment)
  • Previous TST or IGRA results
  • HIV status
    • Offer HIV testing if status unknown
  • Other medical conditions or treatments that increase TB risk
  • Socio-demographic factors

 

16

Provision of Treatment

  • The decision to test a contact should be considered a commitment to treat
  • Contacts with a positive TST or IGRA should be offered LTBI treatment
    • Once TB disease is excluded
    • Regardless of whether they received BCG vaccine in the past
    • Unless there is a compelling reason not to treat
  • Contacts with TB disease need to be treated under DOT
17

Reminder: Communication Tips

  • Two-way communication is essential to ensure the contact
    • Understands the information
    • Appreciates the seriousness of the situation
  • Be sure to
    • Use open-ended questions
    • Reinforce the contact’s understanding by asking him or her to explain your message
18

Meeting with a Contact: Demonstration by Facilitators

[Image: Two facilitators demonstrating how to conduct an interview for a TB contact investigation.]

19

Meeting with a Contact Exercise

Refer to Appendix U

[Image: Cartoon image of two people talking.]

20

Review

  1. Why are contact assessments conducted?
  2. How are contacts referred for assessment?
  3. What information needs to be obtained from a TB contact?
  4. How can confidentiality be maintained when meeting with contacts?
 
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  • Page last reviewed: August 28, 2013
  • Page last updated: August 28, 2013
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