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STD Prevention Infographics

The Lowdown on How to Prevent STDs Infographic

Click the image above to view "The Lowdown on How to Prevent STDs" interactive web infographic.
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Sexually Transmitted Infections among Young Americans

Sexually Transmitted Infections among Young Americans.

While sexually transmitted diseases affect individuals of all ages, STDs take a particularly heavy toll on young people. CDC estimates that youth ages 15-24 make up just over one-quarter of the sexually active population, but account for half of the 20 million new sexually transmitted infections that occur in the United States each year. This infographic highlights the impact, causes, and consequences of STDs among young people – and what they can do to protect themselves.

 

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Youth Bear Disproportionate Share of STIs - 1114x530

Youth bear disproportionate share of STIs. Americans ages 15 to 24 make up just 27% of the sexually active population, but account for 50% of the 20 million new STIs in the U.S. each year.

 

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The Consequences of STIs are Particularly Severe for Young Women - 1214x591

The consequences of STIs are particularly severe for young women. In fact, undiagnosed STIs cause 24,000 women to become infertile each year.

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Young people account for a substantial proportion of new STIs - 1240x290

 

Young people account for a substantial proportion of new STIs. Americans ages 15 to 24 account for 70% of the 820,000 gonorrhea infections among all ages; 63% of the 2.9 million chlamydia infections among all ages; 49% of the 14.1 million HPV infections among all ages; 45% of the 776,000 genital herpes infections among all ages; and 20% of the 55,400 syphilis infections among all ages. Finally, Americans ages 13 to 24 account for 26% of the 47,500 HIV infections among all ages.

 

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Unique Factors Place Youth at Risk for STIs - 2298x629

 

A range of unique factors place youth at risk for infection. Many young women don’t receive the chlamydia screening CDC recommends. Many youth are reluctant to disclose risk behaviors to doctors. Young women’s bodies are biologically more susceptible to sexually transmitted infections. Youth often lack insurance or transportation needed to access prevention services. And many young people have multiple partners which increases STI risk.

 

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Young People Can Protect Themselves from STIs - 2365x562

 

 

To protect themselves from STIs, young people should get tested, reduce their risk behaviors, and get vaccinated against HPV.

 

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Estimated New STIs (Ages 15-24 and Ages 25+) - 760x580

 

Incidence: This is a bar chart showing the estimated number of new sexually transmitted infections in the United States in 2008. There were a total of 19,738,800 new infections: 19,000 hepatitis B infections; 41,400 HIV infections; 55,400 syphilis infections; 776,000 HSV-2 infections; 820,000 gonorrhea infections; 1,090,000 trichomoniasis infections; 2,860,000 chlamydia infections; and 14,100,000 HPV infections. Young people (aged 15 to 24) accounted for half of all new sexually transmitted infections: 8% of hepatitis B infections, 20% of syphilis infections; 45% of HSV-2 infections; 70% of gonorrhea infections; 13% of trichomoniasis infections; 63% of chlamydia infections; and 49% of HPV infections.

 

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Estimated New and Existing STIs with Gender Totals - 760x558

 

Prevalence: This is a bar chart showing the estimated numbers of new and existing (total) sexually transmitted infections in the United States 2008. There were a total of 110,197,000 infections: 117,000 syphilis infections; 270,000 gonorrhea infections; 422,000 hepatitis B infections; 908,000 HIV infections; 1,570,000 chlamydia infections; 3,710,000 trichomoniasis infections; 24,100,000 HSV-2 infections; and 79,100,000 HPV infections. 50,627,400 infections occurred in men and 59,569,500 occurred in women.

 

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STI Estimates and Medical Costs - 300x409

 

This graphic shows CDC’s estimates of sexually transmitted infections in the United States in 2008. CDC estimates that there were 20 million new sexually transmitted infections and 110 million total sexually transmitted infections, accounting for $16 billion in medical costs.

 

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