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STD Health Equity

Health equity is when everyone has an equal chance to be healthy regardless of their background. This includes a person’s race, ethnicity, income, gender, religion, sexual identity, and disability.1

Research shows that there are higher rates of STDs among some racial or ethnic minority groups compared to whites.2.3 It is important to understand that these higher rates are not caused by color or heritage, but by social conditions that are more likely to affect minorities. Factors such as poverty, large gaps between the rich and the poor, few jobs, and low education levels can make it more difficult for people to stay sexually healthy.4

  • People who cannot afford basic needs may have trouble accessing quality sexual health services.5
  • Many racial/ethnic minorities may distrust the health care system, fearing discrimination from doctors and other health care providers.6 This could create negative feelings around getting tested and treated for STDs.
  • In communities with higher STD rates, sexually active people may be more likely to get an STD because they have greater odds of selecting a partner who is infected.7,8

Learning more about STDs and health equity is a first step in empowering affected communities and those who serve them.

Recently Added

Webinar: Community Approaches to Reducing Sexually Transmitted Diseases FOA - March 6th - View Recording and slides

Community Approaches to Reducing Sexually Transmitted Diseases (CARs) – New Funding Opportunity Announcement. For the CARS cooperative agreement, CDC will work with organizations to promote sexual health, advance community wellness, influence sexual health behavior and practices, and reduce STI disparities.

photo montage of men and women

Data & Statistics

Resources

References:

1 The Community Guide: The Guide to Community Preventive Services. Community Preventive Services Task Force. (Page last updated: April 25, 2013) http://www.thecommunityguide.org/healthequity/

2 Hogben M, Leichliter JS. Social determinants and sexually transmitted disease disparities. Sex Transm Dis. 2008;35(12 Suppl):S13-8.

3 Cunningham PJ, Cornelius LJ. Access to ambulatory care for American Indians and Alaska Natives; the relative importance of personal and community resources. Soc Sci Med. 1995:40(3): 393-407.

4 Gonzalez JS, Hendriksen ES, Collins EM, Duran RE, Safren SA. Latinos and HIV/AIDS: examining factors related to disparity and identifying opportunities for psychosocial intervention research. AIDS Behav. 2009:13:582-602.

5 Institute of Medicine. The Hidden Epidemic: Confronting Sexually Transmitted Diseases. Washington, DC: National Academy Press; 1997.

6 Wiehe SE, Rosenman MB, Wang J, Katz BP, Fortenberry D. Chlamydia screening among young women: individual- and provider-level differences in testing. Pediatrics. 2011;127(2): e336-44.

7 Hogben M, Leichliter JS. Social determinants and sexually transmitted disease disparities. Sex Transm Dis. 2008;35(12 Suppl):S13-8.

8 Laumann EO, Youm Y. Racial/ethnic group differences in the prevalence of sexually transmitted diseases in the United States: a network explanation. Sex Transm Dis. 1999;26(5):250-61.

 
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