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How To... - Read A Data Table - Prevalence Tables
Health Indicators by Demographic Variables

 
 More info on Prevalence Tables:
 Summary of Health Indicators
 Summary of Breastfeeding Indicators
 Geographic Comparison of Health Indicators
 Health Indicators by Demographic Variables
 Birth Outcome and Risk Factor Analysis
   

Use

Use the Health Indicator by Demographic Variables tables to determine if the prevalence of a health indicator differs by age, race/ethnicity, or education groups. These tables provide age-specific, race/ethnicity-specific, and education-specific prevalence for a health indicator and can be used to compare across populations and to identify health problems or improvements in health indicators in a subpopulation.

PedNSS Health Indicator by Demographic Variables tables include:

  • Table 8, Growth and Anemia Indicators by Race/Ethnicity and Age
  • Table 9, Breastfeeding, TV Viewing, and Smoking in Household by Race/Ethnicity
  • Table 16, Growth Indicators by Race/Ethnicity and Age
  • Table 17, Anemia Indicators by Race/Ethnicity and Age

PNSS Health Indicator by Demographic Variables tables include:

  • Table 9, Maternal Health Indicators by Race/Ethnicity, Age, or Education
  • Table 10, Maternal Behavioral Indicators by Race/Ethnicity, Age, or Education
  • Table 11, Smoking Indicators by Race/Ethnicity, Age, or Education
  • Table 12, Infant Health Indicators by Race/Ethnicity, Age, or Education

These tables can be used to answer questions such as:

  • What subpopulations of women or children have the highest prevalence of a specific health indicator?


Interpreting the Data

The following paragraphs provide general information about the table data that will help you with interpretation.

Title
For PedNSS, the table titles show the health indicators that are analyzed in the table.  For PNSS, the table title includes a group of health indicators but only selected health indicators are included in the group.
Review the PNSS table titles.

Stratification of Data or Subpopulations
In these tables, the population is broken down (or stratified) into specific subpopulations or categories. Prevalence is then calculated for each subpopulation.

In the PedNSS tables, the health indicators are stratified by the demographic variables of age or race/ethnicity as well as by age groups within race/ethnicity categories:

  • Age groups are stratified within race/ethnicity categories to determine which age groups within specific categories are more likely to be short stature, underweight, overweight, and anemic.
  • Breastfeeding data are stratified by race/ethnicity to determine which racial/ethnic groups are least likely to have been ever breastfed or to have been breastfed at least 6 months.

In the PNSS tables, the health indicators are stratified by mother's education as well as age or race/ethnicity.

Sample Tables


Sample: PedNSS Table 8C, Health Indicator by Demographic Variables

We're going to look at sections of the PedNSS Table 8C, Health Indicator by Demographic Variables. You can click on the View Sample Table link below each portion to review the entire table. The sample table is numbered to match the portions shown below.


Stratification by Race/Ethnicity or Age

Sample: PedNSS Table 8C Health Indicator by Demographic Variables

view tableView Sample PedNSS Table 8C, Health Indicator by Demographic Variables

1 Low and High Birthweight, Short Stature, Underweight, Overweight, (children) >2 Years (of age) Overweight and Obese (85th to <95th and >95th ) and Anemia data are stratified by either race/ethnicity or age or both.

Review the definition of Growth Indicators and its prevalence calculation.


Example

Sample: PedNSS Table 8C Health Indicator by Demographic Variables

view tableView Sample PedNSS Table 8C, Health Indicator by Demographic Variables

2 The Anemia prevalence (%) for 2-year-old children (24-35 months) is 13.3%. This age group has 24,544 records with valid hemoglobin or hematocrit data.

Review the definition of Anemia and its prevalence calculation.


Sample: PedNSS Table 16C, Growth and Anemia Indicators by Race/Ethnicity and Age

We're going to look at sections of the PedNSS Table 16C, Growth and Anemia Indicators by Race/Ethnicity and Age. You can click on the View Sample Table link below each portion to review the entire table. The sample table is numbered to match the portions shown below.

Stratification by Race/Ethnicity and Age

Sample: PedNSS Table 16C Growth and Anemia Indicators by Race/Ethnicity and Age

view tableView Sample PedNSS Table 16C, Growth and Anemia Indicators by Race/Ethnicity and Age

1 Short Stature, Underweight, Obese, (children) >2 Years (of age) Overweight and Obese data are stratified by age within specific race/ethnicity categories.

Review the definition of Growth Indicators and its prevalence calculation.
Review the definition of Anemia and its prevalence calculation.


Example

Sample: PedNSS Table 16C Growth and Anemia Indicators by Race/Ethnicity and Age

view tableView Sample PedNSS Table 16C, Growth and Anemia Indicators by Race/Ethnicity and Age

2 The prevalence of Obesity (greater than or equal to 95th) among Hispanic children older than or equal to 2 years of age (2459 Months) is 18.1%. There are 24.861 records with valid height and weight data for Hispanic children older than or equal to 2 years of age.

Review the definition of Growth Indicators and its prevalence calculation.

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