CDC Science Making a Difference - Five Levels of Influence
DISSEMINATING SCIENCE: Disseminating science may include publication of findings in peer review journals or other venues, presentation at conferences, or through other media channels.
CREATING AWARENESS: Receiving recognition may include awards, general awareness, or acceptance of a concept or findings by scientific community or policy makers, generating new discussion.
CATALYZING ACTION: Catalyzing action may include partnerships and collaborations, technology creation, congressional hearings or bills, or introduction in practice.
EFFECTING CHANGE: Effecting change may include building public health capacity, legal/policy change, cultural/social/behavioral change, or economic change.
SHAPING THE FUTURE: Shaping the future may include new hypothesis or strategies, implementation of new programs/initiatives, or quality improvement.