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Description of the Science Impact Framework

The framework illustrates the “Historical Tracing Method” with 5 domains of CDC scientific influence that define degrees of impact that may not be chronological (the degree of impact is not necessarily a progression; therefore, events captured may not be reflected at every domain). In addition, there may be loop-back at any point. Health outcomes are the ultimate goal - driven by the 5 domains of influence. Key indicators are listed for each domain of influence as a way to track and qualify events at each domain of influence. These indicators are flexible, and the ones listed are some examples.

Key Indicators [241 KB]

Place your cursor over each domain of influence in the picture below to see examples of key indicators.

Science Impact Framework Graphic Disseminating Science Creating Awareness Shaping the Future Effecting Change Catalyzing Action
Disseminating Science
  • Scientific publication (open access journal)
  • Trade publications
  • Professional meetings/conferences
  • General communication (social media, web, print)
  • Presentations
  • Training, coursework
  • Other scientific output (CDC Public Health Grand Rounds, Vital Signs, Science Clips)
Creating Awareness
  • Continuing education (CME, CEU) Awards
  • Stakeholder resources, curriculum, training
  • Feedback (survey, focus groups, anecdote)
  • Information sharing, communications among professional societies
  • Electronic communications (information shared on listservs, social media, news coverage)
  • Queries
  • Requests to contribute to efforts that further science output
Shaping the Future
  • New hypothesis/continuous quality improvement
  • Implementation of public health programs/initiatives
  • Health outcomes
  • Prevalence and incidence
  • Morbidity and mortality (e.g., frequency of outbreaks, trends)
  • Life expectancy
  • Quality of life improvements
  • Reductions in economic burden
Effecting Change
  • Building public health capacity (e.g., workforce development, funded research, improved staff competency)
  • Creation of registries/surveillance
  • Legal/policy changes
  • Accreditation
  • Cultural/social change
  • Behavioral change
  • Economic change
  • CMS reimbursement
  • Other payer actions
  • Change instilled
  • (New) formal guidelines and recommendations (e.g., WHO)
  • Hospital standards
  • Funding
  • Anecdotes/case studies
  • Sustainable and scalable science translation
Catalyzing Action
  • Technology creation
  • New funding (pilots/research)
  • Advocacy groups/NGOs
  • Congressional hearings
  • Partnerships and collaborations
  • Research and development
  • Office practice/point of care changes
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  • Page last reviewed: April 7, 2016
  • Page last updated: April 24, 2015
  • Content source: Office of the Associate Director for Science The U.S. Government's Official Web PortalDepartment of Health and Human Services
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