Skip directly to local search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to navigation Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options
CDC Home
August 1997
DHHS (NIOSH) Publication Number 97-143
cover of 97-143

Child Labor Research Needs

Recommendations from the NIOSH Child Labor Working Team

Table of Contents

References

Aherin RA, Todd CM [1989]. Developmental stages of children and accident risk potential. Presented at the International Winter Meeting of the American Society of Agricultural Engineers. Text available on URL: http://agsafety.aces.uiuc.edu/devstage.html

Allensworth DD, Kolbe LJ [1987]. The comprehensive school health program: exploring an expanded concept. J Sch Health 57(10): 409-412.

APHA (American Public Health Association) [1995]. 9405: Protection of child and adolescent workers. Am J Public Health 85(3):440-442.

APHA (American Public Health Association) [1996]. Environmental Protection Agency appropriations fact sheet. Washington, DC: American Public Health Association.

Banco L, Lapidus G, Braddock M [1992]. Work related injury among Connecticut minors. Pediatrics 89(5):957-960.

Belville R, Pollack SH, Godbold JH, Landrigan PJ [1993]. Occupational injuries among working adolescents in New York State. JAMA 269(21):2754-2759.

Blackorby J [1993]. Participation in vocational education by students with disabilities. In: WagnerM, ed. The secondary school programs of students with disabilities: a report from the National Longitudinal Transition Study of Special Education Students. Menlo Park, CA: SRI International, pp. 51 to 548.

BLS [1992]. Work and family: jobs held and weeks worked by young adults. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Report 827.

BLS [1995a]. Geographic profile of employment and unemployment, 1994. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Bulletin 2469.

BLS [1995b]. Occupational injuries and illnesses: counts, rates, and characteristics, 1992. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Bulletin 2455.

BLS [1996]. Employment and earnings. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Brooks DR, Davis LK [1996]. Work-related injuries to Massachusetts teens, 19871990. Am J Ind Med 29:153-160.

Brooks DR, Davis LK, Gallagher SS [1993]. Work related injuries among Massachusetts children: a study based on emergency department data. Am J Ind Med 24:313-324.

Broste SK, Hansen DA, Strand RL, Stueland DT [1989]. Hearing loss among high school farm students. Am J Public Health 79(5): 619-622.

Bush D, Baker R [1994]. Young workers at risk: health and safety education and the schools. Berkeley, CA: University of California at Berkeley, Center for Occupational and Environmental Health, Labor Occupational Health Program.

Carskadon MA [1989]. Adolescent sleepiness: increased risk in a high-risk population. Alcohol, Drugs and Driving 5(4)/6(1):112.

Carskadon MA [1990]. Patterns of sleep and sleepiness in adolescents. Pediatrician 17: 512.

Carskadon MA, Harvey K, Duke P, Anders TF, Litt IF, Dement WC [1980]. Pubertal changes in daytime sleepiness. Sleep 2(4): 453-460.

Castillo DN, Landen DD, Layne LA [1994]. Occupational injury deaths of 16 and 17 yearolds in the United States. Am J Public Health 84(4):646-649.

CDC [1996a]. Vision: healthy people in a healthy world through prevention. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

CDC [1996b]. Work related injuries and illnesses associated with child labor United States, 1993. MMWR 45(22):464-468.

CFR. Code of Federal regulations. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, Office of the Federal Register.

Child Labor Coalition [1993]. A Capitol Hill briefing: children who work -- challenges for the 21st century. Washington, DC: National Consumers League.

Child Labor Coalition [1995]. NIOSH funds community-based programs. Washington, DC: National Consumers League, Child Labor Monitor V(111).

Childrens' Safety Network at Education Development Center, Inc., and Massachusetts Occupational Health Surveillance Program [1995]. Protecting working teens: a public health resource guide. Newton, MA: Education Development Center, Inc.

Coleman PJ, Sanderson LM [1983]. Surveillance of occupational injuries treated in hospital emergency rooms -- United States, 1982. MMWR 32(2SS):31SS-37SS.

COMMIT Research Group [1995]. Community intervention trial for smoking cessation (COMMIT): I. Cohort results from a four year community intervention. Am J Public Health 85(2):183-192.

Committee on Environmental Health [1995]. The hazards of child labor. Pediatrics 95(2): 311-313.

Cooper SP, Rothstein MA [1995]. Health hazards among working children in Texas. South Med J 88(5):550-554.

CPSC [1993]. Rideon mower hazard analysis (1987-1990). Washington, DC: U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission, Division of Hazard Analysis, Directorate for Epidemiology, National Injury Information Clearinghouse. Unpublished data.

Dacquel LT, Dahmann DC [1993]. Residents of farms and rural areas: 1991. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Government Printing Office, Current Population Report No. P20472.

Derstine B [1994]. Young workers at risk of fatal injuries. Paper presented at the 122nd Annual Meeting and Exhibition of the American Public Health Association, Washington, DC, October 30, 1994.

DHHS [1994]. Healthy people 2000: national health promotion and disease prevention objectives. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, U.S. Government Printing Office, DHHS Publication No. (PHS) 9412321.

Dunn KA, Runyan CW [1993]. Deaths at work among children and adolescents. Am J Dis Child 147:1044-1047.

Duran R, Miara C [1995]. Enhancing young worker health and safety: student focus groups: preliminary report. Newton, MA: Education Development Center.

Ehlers JK [1992]. Occupational health and safety education in high school agricultural education [Thesis]. Cincinnati, OH: University of Cincinnati.

Fajen J, Wallace M, Lentz TJ, Baver R [1996]. Report on preliminary industrial hygiene survey and health hazards investigation conducted at Southeastern Career Center, Versailles, Indiana, January 24, 1996. Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health; and University of Cincinnati, Department of Environmental Health.

59 Fed. Reg. 25164 [1994]. Department of Labor: child labor regulations, orders and statements of interpretation; proposed rules.

Finch MD, Mortimer JT, Ryu S [1997]. Transition into part time work: health risks and opportunities. In: Schulenberg J, Maggs J, Hurrelmann K, eds. Health risks and developmental transitions during adolescence. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Fortmann SP, Taylor CB, Flora JA, Jatulis DE [1993]. Changes in adult cigarette smoking prevalence after 5 years of community health education: the Standford Five-City Project. Am J Epidemiol 137(1):8296.

GAO [1990]. Child labor: increases in detected child labor violations throughout the United States. Washington, DC: U.S. General Accounting Office, GAO/HRD90116.

GAO [1991]. Child labor: characteristics of working children. Washington, DC: U.S. General Accounting Office, GAO/HRD91 83BR.

Goldenhar LM, Schulte PA [1994]. Intervention research in occupational health and safety. J Occup Med 36(7):763-775.

Goldenhar LM, Schulte PA [1996]. Methodological issues for intervention research in occupational health and safety. Am J Ind Med 29(4):289-294.

Heinzman M, Thoreson S, McKenzie L, Cook M, Hoffman RE, Parker D, et al. [1993]. Occupational burns among restaurant workers Colorado and Minnesota. MMWR 42(37): 713-716.

Heyer NJ, Franklin G, Rivara FP, Parker P, Haug JA [1992]. Occupational injuries among minors doing farm work in Washington State: 1986 to 1989. Am J Public Health 82(4): 557-560.

Iowa FACE Program [1995]. Farmer killed from tractor rollover while loading hay on hillside Iowa. Iowa City, IA: The University of Iowa, Iowa FACE Program.

Kelsey JL, Golden AL [1987]. Occupational and workplace factors associated with low back pain. Spine: State of the Art Rev 2(1): 716.

Kelsey TW [1994]. The agrarian myth and policy responses to farm safety. Am J Public Health 84(7):1171-1177.

Kidd PS, Holton C [1993]. Driving practices, risk-taking motivations, and alcohol use among adolescent drivers: a pilot study. J Emerg Nurs 19(4):292-296.

Knight EB, Castillo DN, Layne LA [1995]. A detailed analysis of work related injury among youth treated in emergency departments. Am J Ind Med 27:793-805.

Layne LA, Castillo DN, Stout N, Cutlip P [1994]. Adolescent occupational injuries requiring hospital emergency department treatment: a nationally representative sample. Am J Public Health 84(4):657-660.

Luepker RV, Murray DM, Jacobs DR et al. [1994]. Community education for cardiovascular disease prevention: risk factor changes in the Minnesota Heart Health Program. Am J Public Health 84:1383-1393.

Massachusetts SENSOR Program [1993]. Massachusetts SENSOR quarterly progress report: April1, 1993-June 30, 1993. Boston, MA: The Commonwealth of Massachusetts, Executive Office of Health and Human Services, Department of Public Health, Bureau of Health Statistics, Research and Evaluation.

Massachusetts SENSOR Program [1995]. Massachusetts SENSOR Program quarterly progress report: October 1, 1994-December 31, 1994. Boston, MA: The Commonwealth of Massachusetts, Executive Office of Health and Human Services, Department of Public Health.

Merke DP, Miller RW [1992]. Age differences in the effects of ionizing radiation. In: Guzelian PS, Henry CJ, Olin SS, eds. Similarities and differences between children and adults. Washington, DC: ILSI Press, pp. 139-149.

Milgrom C, Finestone A, Shlamkovitch N, Rand N, Lev B, Simkin A, et al. [1994]. Youth is a risk factor for stress fracture. J Bone Joint Surg Br 76B(1):2022.

Miller M [1995]. Occupational injuries among adolescents in Washington State, 1988-1991: A review of workers compensation data. Olympia, WA: Safety and Health Assessment and Research for Prevention, Washington State Department of Labor and Industries, Technical Report No. 35-1-1995.

Mitchell LV, Lawler FH, Bowen D, Mote W, Asundi P, Purswell J [1994]. Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of employer-issued back belts in areas of high risk for back injury. J Occup Med 36(1):9094.

National Committee for Childhood Agricultural Injury Prevention [1996]. Children and agriculture: opportunities for safety and health. Marshfield, WI: Marshfield Clinic.

National Research Council [1993]. Pesticides in the diets of infants and children. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

National Safety Council [1996]. Council approves policy on childhood risks. Itasca, IL: National Safety Council, Agricultural Division, Newsletter, March/April, 1996.

NCHS [1976]. NCHS growth charts, 1976. Rockville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics, Health Resources Administration, Monthly Vital Statistics Report 25(3)(Suppl. HRA):76-11s20.

NIOSH [1986a]. General laborer electrocuted in North Carolina. Morgantown, WV: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Fatality Assessment and Control Evaluation (FACE) Report No. 8632II.

NIOSH [1986b]. Part time laborer electrocuted in Ohio. Morgantown, WV: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Fatality Assessment and Control Evaluation (FACE) Report No. 8627.

NIOSH [1988]. Assistant pool manager electrocuted. Morgantown, WV: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Fatality Assessment and Control Evaluation (FACE) Report No. 8835.

NIOSH [1993]. Fatal injuries to workers in the United States, 1980-1989: a decade of surveillance: national profile. Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 93-108.

NIOSH [1994]. Comments of the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health on the Department of Labor/Wage and Hour Division advance notice of proposed rulemaking on child labor regulations, orders and statements of interpretation, October 25, 1994. Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health.

NIOSH [1995]. NIOSH Alert: request for assistance in preventing deaths and injuries of adolescent workers. Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 95-125.

NIOSH [1996a]. Fatality Assessment and Control Evaluation (FACE) Program. Morgantown, WV: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. Unpublished database.

NIOSH [1996b]. National occupational research agenda. Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 96-115.

NIOSH [1997]. National Traumatic Occupational Fatalities (NTOF) Surveillance System. Morgantown, WV: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. Unpublished database.

Parker DL, Carl WR, French LR, Martin FB [1994a]. Characteristics of adolescent work injuries reported to the Minnesota Department of Labor and Industry. Am J Public Health 84(4): 606-611.

Parker DL, Carl WR, French LR, Martin FB [1994b]. Nature and incidence of self reported adolescent work injury in Minnesota. Am J Ind Med 26:529-541.

Pollack SH, Landrigan PJ, Mallino DL [1990]. Child labor in 1990: prevalence and health hazards. Ann Rev Public Health 11:359-375.

Province of British Columbia Ministry of Education [1995]. Work experience handbook: policy, guidelines and best practices. British Columbia: Ministry of Education, Skills Branch.

Richter ED, Jacobs J [1991]. Work injuries and exposures in children and young adults: review and recommendations for action. Am J Ind Med 19:747-769.

Ries PW [1978]. Episodes of persons injured: United States, 1975. Adv Data 18:112.

Runyan C [1996]. Draft progress report: hazards of youth work (May 1996). Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Injury Prevention Research Center.

Schober SE, Handke JL, Halperin WE, Moll MB, Thun MJ [1988]. Work-related injuries to minors. Am J Ind Med 14:585-595.

Shalala DE, Tsaregorodtsev AD [1996]. Joint declaration on health education for children. J School Health 66(4):123.

Silvestri GT [1994]. Occupational employment: wide variations in growth.In: The American work force: 19922005. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Bulletin 2452, pp. 5684.

Smith RE, Ptacek JT, Smoll FL [1992]. Sensation seeking, stress, and adolescent injuries: a test of stress buffering, risk taking, and coping skills hypotheses. J Pers Soc Psychol 62(6): 1016-1024.

Stallones L, Gunderson P [1994]. Epidemiologic perspectives on childhood agricultural injuries within the United States. J Agro medicine 1(4):318.

State of Wyoming [1984]. Characteristics of youth occupational injuries and illnesses 1979-1983. Cheyenne, WY: Wyoming Department of Labor and Statistics.

Steinberg L, Cauffman E [1995]. The impact of employment on adolescent development. Ann Child Dev 11:131-166.

Suruda A, Halperin W [1991]. Work related deaths in children. Am J Ind Med 19:739-745.

Susser M [1995]. Editorial: The tribulations of trials interventions in communities. Am J Public Health 85:156-158.

Terman DL, Larner MB, Stevenson CS, Behrman RE [1996]. Special education for students with disabilities: analysis and recommendations. The Future of Children 6(1):424.

Toscano G, Windau J [1994]. The changing character of fatal work injuries. Monthly Labor Rev 118:1728.

Toscano G, Windau J [1995]. National census of fatal occupational injuries, 1994. Compensation and working conditions. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, September.

University of North Carolina Injury Prevention Research Center [1995]. State wage and hour division recommends tightening NC child Labor regulations. IPRC News 7(2):45.

U.S. Chamber of Commerce [1991]. 1991 analysis of workers compensation laws. Washington, DC: U.S. Chamber of Commerce.

USC. United States Code. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Venning PJ, Walter SD, Stitt LW [1987]. Personal and job related factors as determinants of incidence of back injuries among nursing personnel. J Occup Med 29(10):820-825.

Wagner MM, Blackorby J [1996]. Transition from high school to work or college: how special education students fare. The Future of Children 6(1):103-120.

Zuckerman BS, Duby JC [1985]. Developmental approach to injury prevention. Pediatr Clin North Am 32(1):1729.

 

 
Contact Us:
USA.gov: The U.S. Government's Official Web PortalDepartment of Health and Human Services
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention   1600 Clifton Rd. Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
800-CDC-INFO (800-232-4636) TTY: (888) 232-6348 - Contact CDC–INFO