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NHIS - Adult Tobacco Use Information

List of Topics, by Year

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Topics Table 1a. National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) adult tobacco use topics. Smoking Status Recode: 1965-1995

Smoking Status Recode (cigarettes only) 1965 1966 1970 1974 1976 1977 1978-1980 1983 1985 1987 1988 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
Current or Former or Never XXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
Everyday or Someday or Former or Never XXXXX

See footnotes at end of Topics Table 11b

Topics Table 1b. National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) adult tobacco use topics. Smoking Status Recode: 1997-2010

Smoking Status Recode (cigarettes only) 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Current or Former or Never XXXXXXX
Everyday or Someday or Former or Never XXXXXXXXXXXXXX

See footnotes at end of Topics Table 11b

Topics Table 2a. National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) adult tobacco use topics. Current Cigarette Smoker: 1965-1995

Current Cigarette Smoker 1965 1966 1970 1974 1976 1977 1978-1980 1983 1985 1987 1988 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
Smoked at least 100 cigarettes XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
Now smokes cigarettes (yes or no)1 X X XXXXXXXXXXXX
Now smokes every day, some days, not at all XXXXX
Number of days smoked in past 30 days2 XXXXX
Number of cigarettes per day3: now XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
Number of cigarettes per day: 12 months ago XXX
Number of cigarettes per day: when smoked most XXXX
Type of cigarette4a XXX
Brand of cigarette4b XX
Time before first cigarette, after awakening X
Age first TRIED a cigarette X
Age first smoked fairly regularly or every day XXXXXX
Ever smoked every day5 XXX
Smoking status one year ago XXXX
Number of years (total) a regular smoker XX
Reasons for smoking X
Quitting:
Desire to quit smoking XXX
Believe you could quit X
Reasons for trying to quit XXX
Reasons for starting again X
Plans or intentions to quit XXXX
Ever tried to quit XXXX6XXXXX
Tried to quit in past year XXXX
Number of quit attempts: past 12 months XXXXX
Number of quit attempts: lifetime XXXX
Time since last quit attempt XXXXX
Duration of last quit attempt XXXXX
Duration of longest quit attempt X
Quit methods: ever used XX
Quit methods: last used XX
Ever been asked not to smoke in a public place X
Smoking behavior in public places X

See footnotes at end of Topics Table 11b

Topics Table 2b. National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) adult tobacco use topics. Current Cigarette Smoker: 1997-2010

Current Cigarette Smoker 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Smoked at least 100 cigarettes XXXXXXXXXXXXXX
Now smokes cigarettes (yes or no)1
Now smokes every day, some days, not at all XXXXXXXXXXXXXX
Number of days smoked in past 30 days2 XXXXXXXXXXXXXX
Number of cigarettes per day3: now XXXXXXXXXXXXXX
Number of cigarettes per day: 12 months ago
Number of cigarettes per day: when smoked most
Type of cigarette4 XX
Brand of cigarette
Time before first cigarette, after awakening
Age first TRIED a cigarette
Age first smoked fairly regularly or every day XXXXXXXXXXXXXX
Ever smoked every day5
Smoking status one year ago
Number of years (total) a regular smoker
Reasons for smoking
Quitting:
Desire to quit smoking XXX
Believe you could quit
Reasons for trying to quit X
Reasons for starting again
Plans or intentions to quit XXX
Ever tried to quit XXX
Tried to quit in past year XXXXXXXXXXXXXX
Number of quit attempts: past 12 months X
Number of quit attempts: lifetime X
Time since last quit attempt
Duration of last quit attempt
Duration of longest quit attempt
Quit methods: ever used
Quit methods: last used XX X
Ever been asked not to smoke in a public place
Smoking behavior in public places

See footnotes at end of Topics Table 11b

Topics Table 3a. National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) adult tobacco use topics. Former Cigarette Smoker: 1965-1995

Former Cigarette Smoker 1965 1966 1970 1974 1976 1977 1978-1980 1983 1985 1987 1988 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
How long since smoked regularly XXXXXXXXXX
How long since quit smoking XXX
Quit in past year (only if don't know how long)
Number of cigarettes per day: usually or last smoked XXXXXXX
Number of cigarettes per day: 12 months ago XX
Number of cigarettes per day: when smoked most
Number of cigarettes per day: longest period smoked
Number of times stopped or tried to stop: lifetime XX
Longest period off cigarettes prior to last quitting X
Number of years (total) were a regular or daily smoker XX
Age quit smoking X
Ever smoked every day5 XX
Smoking status one year ago X
Time before first cigarette after awakening X
Type of cigarette smoked
Brand usually smoked X
Quit methods: ever used6 XXX
Quit methods: last used XX
Reasons for quitting XXX
Believe smoking affected your health X

See footnotes at end of Topics Table 11b

Topics Table 3b. National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) adult tobacco use topics. Former Cigarette Smoker: 1997-2010

Former Cigarette Smoker 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
How long since smoked regularly
How long since quit smoking XXXXXXXXXXXXXX
Quit in past year (only if don't know how long) XXXXXXX
Number of cigarettes per day: usually or last smoked XX
Number of cigarettes per day: 12 months ago
Number of cigarettes per day: when smoked most
Number of cigarettes per day: longest period smoked XX
Number of times stopped or tried to stop: lifetime X
Longest period off cigarettes prior to last quitting
Number of years (total) were a regular or daily smoker
Age quit smoking
Ever smoked every day5
Smoking status one year ago
Time before first cigarette after awakening
Type of cigarette smoked XX
Brand usually smoked
Quit methods: ever used6
Quit methods: last used XXX
Reasons for quitting
Believe smoking affected your health

See footnotes at end of Topics Table 11b

Topics Table 4a. National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) adult tobacco use topics. Cigars and pipes: 1965-1995

Cigars 1965 1966 1970 1974 1976 1977 1978-1980 1983 1985 1987 1988 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
Ever smoked any XXX
Ever smoked at least {#} cigars7 X X XXXX
Now smokes X X XXXX
Now smokes every day, some days, not at all X
Number of days per month smoke cigars8: now XX
Number of cigars smoke: now X X XX
Number of cigars smoked: 12 months ago X
Size of cigars currently smoke X
Age first smoked X
Total number of years or months smoked: lifetime 9 X
How long since smoked cigars X X X

See footnotes at end of Topics Table 11b

Pipes 1965 1966 1970 1974 1976 1977 1978-1980 1983 1985 1987 1988 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
Ever smoked any XXX
Ever smoked at least {#} pipes7 X X XXXX
Now smokes X X XXXX
Now smokes every day, some days, not at all X
Number of days per month smoke a pipe: now XX
Number of pipefuls smoke: now X X XX
Number of pipefuls smoked: 12 months ago X
Age first smoked X
Total number of years or months smoked: lifetime 9 X
How long since smoked a pipe X X X

See footnotes at end of Topics Table 11b

Topics Table 4b. National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) adult tobacco use topics. Cigars and pipes: 1997-2010

Cigars 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Ever smoked any XXXX
Ever smoked at least {#} cigars7 XXXX
Now smokes
Now smokes every day, some days, not at all XXXX
Number of days per month smoke 8: now XXXX
Number of cigars smoke: now
Number of cigars smoked: 12 months ago
Size of cigars currently smoke
Age first smoked cigars
Total number of years or months smoked: lifetime 9
How long since smoked cigars

See footnotes at end of Topics Table 11b

Pipes 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Ever smoked any XXX
Ever smoked at least {#} pipes7 XXX
Now smokes
Now smokes every day, some days, not at all XXX
Number of days per month smoke: now XX
Number of pipefuls smoke: now
Number of pipefuls smoked: 12 months ago
Age first smoked a pipe
Total number of years or months smoked: lifetime 9
How long since smoked a pipe

See footnotes at end of Topics Table 11b

Topics Table 5a. National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) adult tobacco use topics. Bidis: 1965-1995

Bidis 1965 1966 1970 1974 1976 1977 1978-1980 1983 1985 1987 1988 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
Ever smoked
Ever smoked 20 bidis in lifetime
Now smokes every day, some days, not at all

See footnotes at end of Topics Table 11b

Topics Table 5b. National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) adult tobacco use topics. Bidis: 1997-2009
Bidis 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Ever smoked XX
Ever smoked 20 bidis in lifetime XX
Now smokes every day, some days, not at all XX

See footnotes at end of Topics Table 11b

Topics Table 6a. National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) adult tobacco use topics. Chewing Tobacco and Snuff: 1965-1995

Chewing Tobacco & Snuff 1965 1966 1970 1974 1976 1977 1978-1980 1983 1985 1987 1988 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
Ever used XXXX
Ever used 20 times XXXX
Now uses any XXXXXX
Now uses every day, some days, not at all X
Number of days per month XX
Amount used on days used XXX
Age of first use X
Number of years or months used in lifetime XX
Method of snuff use XX
Ever advised to stop using X

See footnotes at end of Topics Table 11b

Topics Table 6b. National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) adult tobacco use topics. Chewing Tobacco and Snuff: 1997-2010

Chewing Tobacco & Snuff 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Ever used XXX
Ever used 20 times XXXX
Now uses any
Now uses every day, some days, not at all XXXX
Number of days per month8 X
Amount used on days used X
Age of first use
Number of years or months used in lifetime
Method of snuff use
Ever advised to stop using
Brand X

See footnotes at end of Topics Table 11b

Topics Table7a. National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) adult tobacco use topics. Pregnancy and Cigarette Smoking: 1965-1995

Pregnancy & Cigarette Smoking 1965 1966 1970 1974 1976 1977 1978-1980 1983 1985 1987 1988 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
Smoked any time during {last} pregnancy XXX
Smoking in past 30 days X
Smoked during most of pregnancy XX
Amount smoked before or after learned of pregnancy XX
Quitting:
Ever advised to quit XX
Quit smoking any time during pregnancy/month quit X
Stayed quit or started again X
Started again after birth of child X

See footnotes at end of Topics Table 11b

Topics Table 7b. National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) adult tobacco use topics. Pregnancy and Cigarette Smoking: 1997-2010

Pregnancy & Cigarette Smoking 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Smoking when became pregnant XX
Smoked any time during {last} pregnancy XXX
Smoking in past 30 days
Smoked during most of pregnancy
Amount smoked before or after learned of pregnancy
Quitting:
Ever advised to quit
Quit smoking any time during pregnancy/month quit XXX
Stayed quit or started again XXX
Started again after birth of child

See footnotes at end of Topics Table 11b

Topics Table 8a. National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) adult tobacco use topics. Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS): 1965-1995

Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS) 1965 1966 1970 1974 1976 1977 1978-1980 1983 1985 1987 1988 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
Response when exposed to ETS in public places XX
Smoking anywhere inside the home by ANYONE XXXX
Smoking anywhere inside the home by RESIDENT XX
Number of people who smoke inside the home XX
Days per week there is smoking inside the home XX

See footnotes at end of Topics Table 11b

Topics Table 8b. National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) adult tobacco use topics. Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS): 1997-2010

Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS) 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Response when exposed to ETS in public places
Smoking anywhere inside the home by ANYONE XX
Smoking anywhere inside the home by RESIDENT XX
Number of people who smoke inside the home XX
Days per week there is smoking inside the home XXX

See footnotes at end of Topics Table 11b

Topics Table 9a. National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) adult tobacco use topics. Other Tobacco-Related Topics: 1965-1995

Other Tobacco-Related Topics 1965 1966 1970 1974 1976 1977 1978-1980 1983 1985 1987 1988 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
Knowledge of health risks of smoking XXXX
Knowledge of health risks of smokeless tobacco XX
Knowledge of health risks of ETS XX
Attitudes toward or discomfort around smoking XX

See footnotes at end of Topics Table 11b

Topics Table 9b. National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) adult tobacco use topics. Other Tobacco-Related Topics: 1997-2009

Other Tobacco-Related Topics 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Knowledge of health risks of smoking
Knowledge of health risks of smokeless tobacco
Knowledge of health risks of ETS X
Attitudes toward or discomfort around smoking X

See footnotes at end of Topics Table 11b

Topics Table 10a. National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) adult tobacco use topics. Medical Surveillance: 1965-1995

Medical Surveillance10 1965 1966 1970 1974 1976 1977 1978-1980 1983 1985 1987 1988 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
Asked about smoking by a doctor XX
Advised to quit smoking by health professional X X XXXXX
Type of medical professional who advised quitting
Advised to quit smoking due to specific condition X X

See footnotes at end of Topics Table 11b

Topics Table 10b. National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) adult tobacco use topics. Medical Surveillance: 1997-2010

Medical Surveillance10 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Asked about smoking/other tobacco use by a health professional XX
Advised to quit smoking/other tobacco use by health professional XXXX
Type of medical professional who advised quitting XX
Advised to quit due to specific condition
Use of alternative medicine XX

See footnotes at end of Topics Table 11b

Topics Table 11a. National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) adult tobacco use topics. Workplace Smoking: 1965-1995

Workplace Smoking 1965 1966 1970 1974 1976 1977 1978-1980 1983 1985 1987 1988 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
Workplace smoking policy XXXXXX
Ever smoke while at work XX
Smoke fewer cigarettes due to workplace policy XX
Exposure to smoke in the workplace XXXX
Bothered by workplace ETS XXX
Workplace offers quit smoking program XXXX
Participated in employer-based quit smoking program XX

See footnotes at end of Topics Table 11b

Topics Table 11b. National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) adult tobacco use topics. Workplace Smoking: 1997-2009

Workplace Smoking 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Workplace smoking policy XX
Ever smoke while at work
Smoke fewer cigarettes due to workplace policy
Exposure to smoke in the workplace X
Bothered by workplace ETS
Workplace offers quit smoking program X
Participated in employer-based quit smoking program X

1 In 1965 and 1966, the question was asked but the variable was not included on the data file. Information from a follow-up question (number of cigarettes currently smoked) serves to identify current smokers in these years. In 1992, questions about current smoking status were asked in two ways in a split sample experiment. The original "Do you smoke now?" question was asked in the Cancer Control questionnaire and followed by a question asking about smoking every day or some days. The "Do you smoke every day, some days, or not at all?" question was asked in the Cancer Epidemiology questionnaire and became the standard smoking question from 1993 forward.

2 Asked only of adults who said they smoked "some days."

3 For someday smokers the question asked about number of cigarettes on days smoked.

4a Information about type {size/filter or non-filter/plain or menthol/hard or soft pack} varies by year. See questionnaires for details.

4b "At the request of NHIS data users, the brand names and types of cigarettes associated with previously released NHIS tobacco smoking files, are being released to the public as separate listings." Tobacco Brand

5 In 1992, the question was limited to ever smoked every day in the past 6 months.

6 In 1983, the question asked about quit methods ever used in the past 5 years only.

7 The minimum number of pipefuls of tobacco and minimum number of cigars vary by year. See questionnaires for details.

8 In some years, question was phrased in terms of the past 30 days. See questionnaires for details.

9 Asked of both current and former tobacco users.

10Beginning in 1992, questions related to medical surveillance were expanded from cigarette smoking only to smoking and other tobacco use.

 
  • Page last reviewed: November 6, 2015
  • Page last updated: February 6, 2013
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