Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to site content
CDC Home

NHIS - Adult Tobacco Use Information

List of Topics, by Year

 

[PDF - 73KB]

 

Topics Table 1a. National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) adult tobacco use topics. Smoking Status Recode: 1965-1995

 

Smoking Status Recode (cigarettes only) 1965 1966 1970 1974 1976 1977 1978-1980 1983 1985 1987 1988 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
Current or Former or Never     X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Everyday or Someday or Former or Never                          X X X X X

See footnotes at end of Topics Table 11b

 

Topics Table 1b. National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) adult tobacco use topics. Smoking Status Recode: 1997-2010

 

Smoking Status Recode (cigarettes only) 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Current or Former or Never X X X X X X X              
Everyday or Someday or Former or Never  X X X X X X X X X X X X X X

See footnotes at end of Topics Table 11b

 

Topics Table 2a. National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) adult tobacco use topics. Current Cigarette Smoker: 1965-1995

 

Current Cigarette Smoker 1965 1966 1970 1974 1976 1977 1978-19801983 1985 1987 1988 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
Smoked at least 100 cigarettes X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Now smokes cigarettes (yes or no)1 X X X X X X X X X X X X      
Now smokes every day, some days, not at all                         X X X X X
Number of days smoked in past 30 days2                         X X X X X
Number of cigarettes per day3: now  X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Number of cigarettes per day: 12 months ago X X X                            
Number of cigarettes per day: when smoked most X X X       X                    
Type of cigarette4a     X       X     X              
Brand of cigarette4b             X     X              
Time before first cigarette, after awakening                   X              
Age first TRIED a cigarette                                 X
Age first smoked fairly regularly or every day     X       X     X X     X     X
Ever smoked every day5                         X X     X
Smoking status one year ago                         X   X X X
Number of years (total) a regular smoker                   X       X      
Reasons for smoking                   X              
Quitting:                                  
Desire to quit smoking                             X X X
Believe you could quit                   X              
Reasons for trying to quit                   X     X X      
Reasons for starting again                                
Plans or intentions to quit                           X X X X
Ever tried to quit       X X   X X6   X   X X X X    
Tried to quit in past year                           X X X X
Number of quit attempts: past 12 months             X     X     X X   X  
Number of quit attempts: lifetime             X     X     X X      
Time since last quit attempt             X     X   X X X      
Duration of last quit attempt             X     X   X X X      
Duration of longest quit attempt                   X              
Quit methods: ever used                   X       X      
Quit methods: last used                    X       X      
Ever been asked not to smoke in a public place                           X      
Smoking behavior in public places                   X              

See footnotes at end of Topics Table 11b

 

Topics Table 2b. National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) adult tobacco use topics. Current Cigarette Smoker: 1997-2010

 

Current Cigarette Smoker 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Smoked at least 100 cigarettes X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Now smokes cigarettes (yes or no)1                            
Now smokes every day, some days, not at all X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Number of days smoked in past 30 days2 X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Number of cigarettes per day3: now  X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Number of cigarettes per day: 12 months ago                            
Number of cigarettes per day: when smoked most                            
Type of cigarette4                 X         X
Brand of cigarette                            
Time before first cigarette, after awakening                            
Age first TRIED a cigarette                            
Age first smoked fairly regularly or every day X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Ever smoked every day5                            
Smoking status one year ago                            
Number of years (total) a regular smoker                            
Reasons for smoking                            
Quitting:                            
Desire to quit smoking       X         X         X
Believe you could quit                            
Reasons for trying to quit                       X    
Reasons for starting again                            
Plans or intentions to quit       X         X         X
Ever tried to quit       X         X         X
Tried to quit in past year X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Number of quit attempts: past 12 months       X                    
Number of quit attempts: lifetime       X                    
Time since last quit attempt                            
Duration of last quit attempt                            
Duration of longest quit attempt                            
Quit methods: ever used                            
Quit methods: last used        X                 X
Ever been asked not to smoke in a public place                            
Smoking behavior in public places                            

See footnotes at end of Topics Table 11b

 

Topics Table 3a. National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) adult tobacco use topics. Former Cigarette Smoker: 1965-1995

 

Former Cigarette Smoker 1965 1966 1970 1974 1976 1977 1978-19801983 1985 1987 1988 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
How long since smoked regularly X X X       X X X X X X   X      
How long since quit smoking                           X   X X
Quit in past year (only if don't know how long)                                  
Number of cigarettes per day: usually or last smoked               X X X X X X X      
Number of cigarettes per day: 12 months ago X X                              
Number of cigarettes per day: when smoked most                                  
Number of cigarettes per day: longest period smoked                                  
Number of times stopped or tried to stop: lifetime                   X       X      
Longest period off cigarettes prior to last quitting                   X              
Number of years (total) were a regular or daily smoker                   X       X      
Age quit smoking                   X              
Ever smoked every day5                         X X      
Smoking status one year ago                               X  
Time before first cigarette after awakening                   X              
Type of cigarette smoked                                  
Brand usually smoked             X                    
Quit methods: ever used6               X   X       X      
Quit methods: last used                   X       X      
Reasons for quitting     X             X       X      
Believe smoking affected your health                   X              

See footnotes at end of Topics Table 11b

 

Topics Table 3b. National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) adult tobacco use topics. Former Cigarette Smoker: 1997-2010

 

Former Cigarette Smoker 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
How long since smoked regularly                            
How long since quit smoking X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Quit in past year (only if don't know how long) X X X X X X X              
Number of cigarettes per day: usually or last smoked                 X         X
Number of cigarettes per day: 12 months ago                            
Number of cigarettes per day: when smoked most                            
Number of cigarettes per day: longest period smoked                 X         X
Number of times stopped or tried to stop: lifetime       X                    
Longest period off cigarettes prior to last quitting                            
Number of years (total) were a regular or daily smoker                            
Age quit smoking                            
Ever smoked every day5                            
Smoking status one year ago                            
Time before first cigarette after awakening                            
Type of cigarette smoked                 X         X
Brand usually smoked                            
Quit methods: ever used6                            
Quit methods: last used       X         X         X
Reasons for quitting                            
Believe smoking affected your health                            

See footnotes at end of Topics Table 11b

 

Topics Table 4a. National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) adult tobacco use topics. Cigars and pipes: 1965-1995

 

Cigars 1965 1966 1970 1974 1976 1977 1978-19801983 1985 1987 1988 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
Ever smoked any                   X     X X      
Ever smoked at least {#} cigars7 X             X     X X      
Now smokes X             X     X X      
Now smokes every day, some days, not at all                         X        
Number of days per month smoke cigars8: now                   X       X      
Number of cigars smoke: now X             X              
Number of cigars smoked: 12 months ago     X                            
Size of cigars currently smoke     X                            
Age first smoked                    X              
Total number of years or months smoked: lifetime 9                   X              
How long since smoked cigars  X                            

See footnotes at end of Topics Table 11b

 

Pipes 1965 1966 1970 1974 1976 1977 1978-19801983 1985 1987 1988 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
Ever smoked any                   X     X X      
Ever smoked at least {#} pipes7 X             X     X X      
Now smokes X             X     X X      
Now smokes every day, some days, not at all                         X        
Number of days per month smoke a pipe: now                   X       X      
Number of pipefuls smoke: now X             X              
Number of pipefuls smoked: 12 months ago     X                            
Age first smoked                    X              
Total number of years or months smoked: lifetime 9                   X              
How long since smoked a pipe  X                            

See footnotes at end of Topics Table 11b

 

Topics Table 4b. National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) adult tobacco use topics. Cigars and pipes: 1997-2010

 

Cigars  1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Ever smoked any   X   X         X         X
Ever smoked at least {#} cigars7   X   X         X         X
Now smokes                            
Now smokes every day, some days, not at all   X   X         X         X
Number of days per month smoke 8: now   X   X         X         X
Number of cigars smoke: now                            
Number of cigars smoked: 12 months ago                            
Size of cigars currently smoke                            
Age first smoked cigars                            
Total number of years or months smoked: lifetime 9                            
How long since smoked cigars                            

See footnotes at end of Topics Table 11b

 

Pipes  1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Ever smoked any   X   X         X          
Ever smoked at least {#} pipes7   X   X         X          
Now smokes                            
Now smokes every day, some days, not at all   X   X         X          
Number of days per month smoke: now       X         X          
Number of pipefuls smoke: now                            
Number of pipefuls smoked: 12 months ago                            
Age first smoked a pipe                            
Total number of years or months smoked: lifetime 9                            
How long since smoked a pipe                            

See footnotes at end of Topics Table 11b

 

Topics Table 5a. National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) adult tobacco use topics. Bidis: 1965-1995

 

Bidis 1965 1966 1970 1974 1976 1977 1978-19801983 1985 1987 1988 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
Ever smoked                                  
Ever smoked 20 bidis in lifetime                                  
Now smokes every day, some days, not at all                                  

See footnotes at end of Topics Table 11b

 

Topics Table 5b. National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) adult tobacco use topics. Bidis: 1997-2009
Bidis 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Ever smoked       X         X          
Ever smoked 20 bidis in lifetime       X         X          
Now smokes every day, some days, not at all       X         X          

 

See footnotes at end of Topics Table 11b

 

Topics Table 6a. National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) adult tobacco use topics. Chewing Tobacco and Snuff: 1965-1995

 

Chewing Tobacco & Snuff  1965 1966 1970 1974 1976 1977 1978-19801983 1985 1987 1988 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
Ever used                     X     X X   X  
Ever used 20 times                   X     X X   X  
Now uses any     X             X     X X X X  
Now uses every day, some days, not at all                         X        
Number of days per month                   X       X      
Amount used on days used                   X X     X      
Age of first use                   X              
Number of years or months used in lifetime                    X       X      
Method of snuff use                   X       X      
Ever advised to stop using                           X      

See footnotes at end of Topics Table 11b

 

Topics Table 6b. National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) adult tobacco use topics. Chewing Tobacco and Snuff: 1997-2010

 

Chewing Tobacco & Snuff  1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Ever used         X         X         X
Ever used 20 times   X   X         X         X
Now uses any                            
Now uses every day, some days, not at all   X   X         X         X
Number of days per month8                           X
Amount used on days used                 X          
Age of first use                            
Number of years or months used in lifetime                             
Method of snuff use                            
Ever advised to stop using                            
Brand                           X

See footnotes at end of Topics Table 11b

 

Topics Table7a. National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) adult tobacco use topics. Pregnancy and Cigarette Smoking: 1965-1995

 

Pregnancy & Cigarette Smoking 1965 1966 1970 1974 1976 1977 1978-19801983 1985 1987 1988 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
Smoked any time during {last} pregnancy                 X     X X        
Smoking in past 30 days                         X        
Smoked during most of pregnancy                 X     X          
Amount smoked before or after learned of pregnancy                 X     X          
Quitting:                                  
Ever advised to quit                 X     X          
Quit smoking any time during pregnancy/month quit                         X        
Stayed quit or started again                         X        
Started again after birth of child                         X        

See footnotes at end of Topics Table 11b

 

Topics Table 7b. National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) adult tobacco use topics. Pregnancy and Cigarette Smoking: 1997-2010

 

Pregnancy & Cigarette Smoking 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Smoking when became pregnant               X         X
Smoked any time during {last} pregnancy   X             X       X
Smoking in past 30 days                            
Smoked during most of pregnancy                          
Amount smoked before or after learned of pregnancy                          
Quitting:                            
Ever advised to quit                          
Quit smoking any time during pregnancy/month quit   X             X         X
Stayed quit or started again   X             X         X
Started again after birth of child                            

See footnotes at end of Topics Table 11b

 

Topics Table 8a. National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) adult tobacco use topics. Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS): 1965-1995

 

Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS) 1965 1966 1970 1974 1976 1977 1978-19801983 1985 1987 1988 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
Response when exposed to ETS in public places                   X       X      
Smoking anywhere inside the home by ANYONE                           X X X X  
Smoking anywhere inside the home by RESIDENT                      X         X  
Number of people who smoke inside the home                           X    
Days per week there is smoking inside the home                           X   X  

See footnotes at end of Topics Table 11b

 

Topics Table 8b. National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) adult tobacco use topics. Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS): 1997-2010

 

Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS) 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Response when exposed to ETS in public places                            
Smoking anywhere inside the home by ANYONE     X                      
Smoking anywhere inside the home by RESIDENT                  X         X
Number of people who smoke inside the home                 X         X
Days per week there is smoking inside the home       X         X         X

See footnotes at end of Topics Table 11b

 

Topics Table 9a. National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) adult tobacco use topics. Other Tobacco-Related Topics: 1965-1995

 

Other Tobacco-Related Topics 1965 1966 1970 1974 1976 1977 1978-19801983 1985 1987 1988 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
Knowledge of health risks of smoking                 X X   X   X      
Knowledge of health risks of smokeless tobacco                   X       X      
Knowledge of health risks of ETS                   X       X      
Attitudes toward or discomfort around smoking                   X       X      

See footnotes at end of Topics Table 11b

 

Topics Table 9b. National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) adult tobacco use topics. Other Tobacco-Related Topics: 1997-2009

 

Other Tobacco-Related Topics 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Knowledge of health risks of smoking                            
Knowledge of health risks of smokeless tobacco                            
Knowledge of health risks of ETS       X                    
Attitudes toward or discomfort around smoking       X                  

 

 

See footnotes at end of Topics Table 11b

 

Topics Table 10a. National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) adult tobacco use topics. Medical Surveillance: 1965-1995

 

Medical Surveillance10 1965 1966 1970 1974 1976 1977 1978-19801983 1985 1987 1988 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
Asked about smoking by a doctor                             X X  
Advised to quit smoking by health professional              X X   X X X      
Type of medical professional who advised quitting                                  
Advised to quit smoking due to specific condition                              

See footnotes at end of Topics Table 11b

 

Topics Table 10b. National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) adult tobacco use topics. Medical Surveillance: 1997-2010

 

Medical Surveillance10 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Asked about smoking/other tobacco use by a health professional       X         X          
Advised to quit smoking/other tobacco use by health professional        X X       X         X
Type of medical professional who advised quitting                 X         X
Advised to quit due to specific condition                            
Use of alternative medicine           X         X      

 

See footnotes at end of Topics Table 11b

 

Topics Table 11a. National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) adult tobacco use topics. Workplace Smoking: 1965-1995

 

Workplace Smoking 1965 1966 1970 1974 1976 1977 1978-19801983 1985 1987 1988 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
Workplace smoking policy                   X X   X X X X  
Ever smoke while at work                           X   X  
Smoke fewer cigarettes due to workplace policy                           X   X  
Exposure to smoke in the workplace                   X X   X X      
Bothered by workplace ETS                   X X     X      
Workplace offers quit smoking program                         X X X X  
Participated in employer-based quit smoking program                           X   X  

See footnotes at end of Topics Table 11b

 

Topics Table 11b. National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) adult tobacco use topics. Workplace Smoking: 1997-2009

 

Workplace Smoking 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Workplace smoking policy   X   X                    
Ever smoke while at work                            
Smoke fewer cigarettes due to workplace policy                            
Exposure to smoke in the workplace       X                    
Bothered by workplace ETS                            
Workplace offers quit smoking program   X                        
Participated in employer-based quit smoking program   X                        

 

1 In 1965 and 1966, the question was asked but the variable was not included on the data file. Information from a follow-up question (number of cigarettes currently smoked) serves to identify current smokers in these years. In 1992, questions about current smoking status were asked in two ways in a split sample experiment. The original "Do you smoke now?" question was asked in the Cancer Control questionnaire and followed by a question asking about smoking every day or some days. The "Do you smoke every day, some days, or not at all?" question was asked in the Cancer Epidemiology questionnaire and became the standard smoking question from 1993 forward.

2 Asked only of adults who said they smoked "some days."

3 For someday smokers the question asked about number of cigarettes on days smoked.

4a Information about type {size/filter or non-filter/plain or menthol/hard or soft pack} varies by year. See questionnaires for details.

4b "At the request of NHIS data users, the brand names and types of cigarettes associated with previously released NHIS tobacco smoking files, are being released to the public as separate listings." Tobacco Brand

5 In 1992, the question was limited to ever smoked every day in the past 6 months.

6 In 1983, the question asked about quit methods ever used in the past 5 years only.

7 The minimum number of pipefuls of tobacco and minimum number of cigars vary by year. See questionnaires for details.

8 In some years, question was phrased in terms of the past 30 days. See questionnaires for details.

9 Asked of both current and former tobacco users.

10Beginning in 1992, questions related to medical surveillance were expanded from cigarette smoking only to smoking and other tobacco use.

 

 

 
USA.gov: The U.S. Government's Official Web PortalDepartment of Health and Human Services
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention   1600 Clifton Rd. Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
800-CDC-INFO (800-232-4636) TTY: (888) 232-6348 - Contact CDC–INFO
A-Z Index
  1. A
  2. B
  3. C
  4. D
  5. E
  6. F
  7. G
  8. H
  9. I
  10. J
  11. K
  12. L
  13. M
  14. N
  15. O
  16. P
  17. Q
  18. R
  19. S
  20. T
  21. U
  22. V
  23. W
  24. X
  25. Y
  26. Z
  27. #