Legionella (Legionnaires' Disease and Pontiac Fever)
Legionnaires' disease (LEE-juh-nares) is caused by a type of bacterium called Legionella (LEE-juh-nell-a). The bacterium is named after a 1976 outbreak, when many people who went to a Philadelphia convention of the American Legion suffered from this disease, a type of pneumonia (lung infection). A milder infection, also caused by Legionella bacteria, is called Pontiac fever. The term "legionellosis" (LEE-juh-nuh-low-sis) may be used to refer to either Legionnaires' disease or Pontiac fever.
The Environmental Legionella Isolation Techniques Evaluation (ELITE) Program was created as a way for laboratories to test their Legionella isolation techniques against standardized samples. more