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Is obesity changing among specific groups over time?

 
 More info on Obesity Case Study:
 Is obesity a  problem?
 Is it changing over time?
 Where is the problem?
 Who is affected?
 Is it changing among specific groups over time?
   

In addition to knowing who is at risk, it is also helpful to determine how obesity prevalences have changed by race and ethnicity over time. Table 18C, Summary of Trends in Growth and Anemia Indicators by Race/Ethnicity, provides obesity trends for the most recent 10 years by race and ethnicity.


Sample:  Table 18C, Summary of Trends in Growth and Anemia Indicators by Race/Ethnicity

table showing prevalence of >= 2 years overweight among by race/ethnicity and year

1 Hispanic children 2 to 5 years of age had the highest prevalence of overweight (17.5%) and the greatest increase in prevalence during this 10-year period (13.9% to 17.5%).

The following graph, derived from Table 18C, shows that the trend of obesity is increasing for the Total or overall prevalence for all racial/ethnic groups as well as for each race/ethnic group. However, Hispanic children have the highest prevalence for this trend period.

Trends in prevalence of obesity
among children aged 2 to <5 years, by race and ethnicity
Trends in prevalence of overweight among children aged 2 to <5 years, by race and ethnicity

* > 95th percentile BMI-for-age, CDC Growth Charts, 2000. 5% of children are expected to fall above the 95th percentile.


Is obesity changing among specific groups over time?

The increasing trend in obesity is seen in all racial and ethnic groups with Hispanic children remaining consistently higher than all other groups.


Summary

The prevalence of 12.9% for obesity children 2 to 5 years of age in this state is more than twice the expected rate and greater than the prevalence of obesity of 10.4% for children 2 to 5 years of age in the United States. Hispanic children have the highest prevalence of obesity . Trend data show that the prevalence of obesity for children 2 to 5 years of age has increased from 8.9 to 12.9 percent, a relative increase of 45 percent. The trend of obesity is increasing for all race/ethnic groups. Therefore, interventions to prevent overweight should be implemented for all race/ethnic groups in the WIC program.

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Page last reviewed: October 29, 2009
Page last updated: October 29, 2009
Content Source: Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity and Obesity, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion

 

 



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