Surveillance Data 2014-2016
Most Common Enteroviruses and Parechoviruses reported in the U.S., 2014-2016
|Enterovirus||Number of Positive Specimens|
|1 Enterovirus D68||55.9% of specimens|
|2 Echovirus 30||5.8% of specimens|
|3 Coxsackievirus A6||5.5% of specimens|
|4 Echovirus 18||4.2% of specimens|
|5 Coxsackievirus B3||4% of specimens|
|6 Echovirus 9||2.4% of specimens|
|7 Echovirus 11||2.3% of specimens|
Detections were reported in all 50 states and the District of Columbia. Among those with known state of residence (n=2727, 99.7%) the most frequently reported state was California (n=413, 15.1%), followed by New York (n=366, 13.4%).
The majority of reports (55.9%) were for enterovirus D68. There was a large, nationwide outbreak of respiratory illness associated with that virus type in 2014. Accordingly, the vast majority enterovirus D68 detections came from respiratory specimens (86.7%).
Among reports for other virus types (44.1%), the most common specimen sources were cerebrospinal fluid (38.0%) and respiratory specimens (37.5%).
Of the 2,370 patients for whom gender was reported, 60% were male.
Age was reported for 2,462 patients. The age group most widely represented was children between 1 and 10 years of age with a median age of 4 years (90.1%).
For more information about the most recent enterovirus data, see CDC MMWR Enterovirus and Parechovirus Surveillance, United States, 2014 – 2016.