Surveillance Data 2014-2016

Most Common Enteroviruses and Parechoviruses reported in the U.S., 2014-2016

Most Common Enteroviruses and Parechoviruses Reported in the U.S.
Enterovirus Number of Positive Specimens
1 Enterovirus D68 55.9% of specimens
2 Echovirus 30 5.8% of specimens
3 Coxsackievirus A6 5.5% of specimens
4 Echovirus 18 4.2% of specimens
5 Coxsackievirus B3 4% of specimens
6 Echovirus 9 2.4% of specimens
7 Echovirus 11 2.3% of specimens

Detections were reported in all 50 states and the District of Columbia. Among those with known state of residence (n=2727, 99.7%) the most frequently reported state was California (n=413, 15.1%), followed by New York (n=366, 13.4%).

The majority of reports (55.9%) were for enterovirus D68. There was a large, nationwide outbreak of respiratory illness associated with that virus type in 2014. Accordingly, the vast majority enterovirus D68 detections came from respiratory specimens (86.7%).

Among reports for other virus types (44.1%), the most common specimen sources were cerebrospinal fluid (38.0%) and respiratory specimens (37.5%).

Of the 2,370 patients for whom gender was reported, 60% were male.

Age was reported for 2,462 patients. The age group most widely represented was children between 1 and 10 years of age with a median age of 4 years (90.1%).

For more information about the most recent enterovirus data, see CDC MMWR Enterovirus and Parechovirus Surveillance, United States, 2014 – 2016.