Cache Valley Transmission Cycle
Cache valley virus transmission cycle. A mosquito and a deer are shown on opposite sides of a circle with arrows connecting them to represent how cache valley cycles between mosquitoes and deer and other mammals. Deer and other mammals are considered amplifying hosts. Another arrow outside of the circle connects the mosquito to a human to show how mosquitoes infect humans with the virus. The human is a dead end host because it does not pass on the virus.

Cache Valley virus is spread to people by the bite of an infected mosquito.

Mosquitoes become infected when they feed on mammals that have the virus in their blood. Infected mosquitoes can then spread the virus to people and other animals by biting them.

Cache Valley virus has been found in many types of mosquitoes, but it is not known which species are the main ones that spread the virus to humans. The mammals most likely involved in the transmission cycle are deer, cattle, horses, and sheep. People do not develop high enough levels of the virus in their blood to infect mosquitoes and further spread the disease. As a result, people are considered “dead-end” hosts for Cache Valley virus.

Cache Valley virus is not spread by coughing, sneezing, touching, or other contact with someone who is infected.

Prevent getting infected with Cache Valley virus by preventing mosquito bites.