Symptoms, Diagnosis, & Treatment
- Initial symptoms can include fever, headache, nausea, vomiting, fatigue, and sometimes rash.
- Cache Valley virus can cause severe disease, including infection of the brain (encephalitis) or the membranes around the brain and spinal cord (meningitis).
- Symptoms of severe disease (meningitis or encephalitis) include stiff neck, confusion, loss of coordination, difficulty speaking, or seizures.
- Some patients with Cache Valley virus infection can die.
- See your healthcare provider if you develop the symptoms described above.
- Your healthcare provider can order tests to look for Cache Valley virus infection or other infections that cause similar symptoms.
- More information on diagnostic testing is available on the “For Healthcare Providers” page.
- There is no medicine to treat Cache Valley virus infection.
- Treat the symptoms:
- Get plenty of rest.
- Drink fluids to prevent dehydration.
- Take over-the-counter pain relievers to reduce fever, headaches, or other discomfort.
- Patients with severe disease may need to be hospitalized for breathing support, staying hydrated, and to reduce swelling of the brain.
Page last reviewed: November 26, 2019