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Preventing Deaths and Injuries to Fire Fighters during Live-Fire Training in Acquired Structures

November 2004
DHHS (NIOSH) Publication Number 2005-102
Cover page for 2005-102

Fire fighters are subjected to many hazards when participating in live-fire training. Training facilities with approved burn buildings should be used for live-fire training whenever possible. However, when acquired structures are used for live-fire training, NIOSH strongly recommends that fire departments follow the national consensus guidelines in NFPA 1403, standard on live-fire training evolutions [NFPA 2002a] to reduce the risk of injury and death. These guidelines are summarized in the recommendations in this document.