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Articles and Key Findings

Highlighted Articles

Key Finding: Developing a public health tracking system for follow-up of newborn screening metabolic conditions
CDC researchers and others found that existing public health data programs for newborn screening and birth defects tracking could be used for long term follow-up of newborn screening..
(Published: December 11, 2013)

Key Findings: Improving Newborn Screening Follow-up in Pediatric Practices
A 6-month quality improvement project in 15 primary care pediatric practices enhanced short-term newborn screening follow-up. The project included assessment of screening results, documentation of results, and communicating results to families.
(Published: October 15, 2012)

Progress in Identifying Infants with Hearing Loss
Congenital hearing loss affects one to three of every 1,000 live born infants and negatively impacts children through delayed speech, language, social, and emotional development when undetected.
(Published: April 10, 2015)

Doctors and Infant Hearing
Medical homes should obtain, document, and discuss all hearing screening results. Physicians should provide education and support to families.
(Published: May 11, 2015)

Parent’s Guide to Hearing Loss
If you are like most parents, after learning of your child's hearing loss you will have mixed feelings and many questions.

Hearing Screening:  What’s your Baby’s Hearing Screening Result?
Babies begin to develop speech and language from the time they are born. All parents should learn the results of their baby's newborn hearing screening test.
(Published: May 23, 2011)

Scientific Articles

These CDC scientific articles are listed in order of date published, from 2006 to present.


Childhood vision impairment, hearing loss and co-occurring autism spectrum disorder
Disability and Health Journal. July 2013.
Kancherla V, Van Naarden Braun K, Yeargin-Allsopp M. 
[Read article] [Read key findings]

Supplement: Improving the System of Care for Infants and Children with Early Hearing Loss
Pediatrics; Vol. 126; Supplement August 2010
[Read articles]

Newborn Hearing Screening and Follow-up: Are Children Receiving Recommended Services (2010)
Public Health Reports; 2010; 125(02); 199 – 207
Gaffney M, Green DR, Gaffney C
[Read article]

Identifying Infants with Hearing Loss — United States, 1999—2007
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report; 2010; 59(08);220-23
[Read summary]

Mild and Unilateral Hearing Loss: Implications for Early Intervention
Infants and Young Children; 2009; 22(3):177-187
Holstrum WJ, Biernath K, McKay S, Ross DS
[Read summary]

Obstetrician/Gynecologists’ Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices Regarding Prevention of Infections in Pregnancy
Journal of Women's Health; 2009; 18(8):1187-1193
Ross DS, Rasmussen SA, Cannon MJ, Anderson B, Kilker K, Tumpey A, Schulkin J, Jones JL
[Read summary]

Highly Variable Population-Based Prevalence Rates of Unilateral Hearing Loss after the Application of Common Case Definitions
Ear and Hearing; 2009; 30(6):1
Ross DS, Visser SN, Holstrum WJ, Qin T, Kenneson A
[Read summary]

Knowledge and Practices of Obstetricians and Gynecologists Regarding Cytomegalovirus Infection During Pregnancy
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report; 2008; 57(03);65-68
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Congenital Cytomegalovirus (CMV) Infection as a Cause of Permanent Bilateral Hearing Loss: A Quantitative Assessment
Journal of Clinical Virology; 2008; 41(2):57-62
Grosse SD, Dollard SC, Ross DS
[Read summary]

Early Intervention for Children with Unilateral and Mild Bilateral Degrees of Hearing Loss
Trends in Amplification; 2008; 12(1):35-41
Holstrum WJ, Gaffney M, Gravel JS, Oyler RF, Ross DS
[Read summary]

Measures of Follow-Up in Early Hearing Detection and Intervention (EHDI) Systems: A need for Standardization
American Journal of Audiology; 2008; 17(1):60-67
Mason CA, Gaffney M, Green DR, Grosse SD [Abstract]
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Cytomegalovirus: A Major Cause of Hearing Loss in Children
The ASHA Leader; 2008; 13(6):14-17.
Ross DS, Fowler KB
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Prevalence and Effects [of Mild and Unilateral Hearing Loss in Children]
Seminars in Hearing; 2008; 29(2):141-148
Ross DS, Gaffney M, Green D, Holstrum WJ
Article summary not available

Women’s Knowledge of Congenital Cytomegalovirus: Results from the 2005 Health Styles Survey
Journal of Women's Health; 2008; 17(5):849-858
Ross DS, Victor M, Sumartojo E, Cannon MJ
[Read summary]

Hearing Screening and Diagnostic Evaluation of Children with Unilateral and Mild Bilateral Hearing Loss
Trends in Amplification; 2008; 12(1):27-34
Ross DS, Holstrum WJ, Gaffney M, Green D, Oyler RF, Gravel JS
[Read summary]

Health State Preference Scores for Children with Congenital Hearing Loss: A Comparative Analysis
Quality of Life Research; 2008; 17(6):943-953
Smith-Olinde L, Grosse SD, Olinde F, Martin PF, Tilford JM
[Read summary]

New Estimates of the Prevalence of Neurological Sequelae and Mortality Associated with Congenital Cytomegalovirus Infection
Reviews in Medical Virology; 2007; 15(5):355-363
Dollard SC, Grosse SD, Ross DS
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Education Cost Savings from Early Detection of Hearing Loss New Findings
Volta Voices; 2007; 14(6):38-40
Grosse SD
Article summary not available

Hearing Loss Diagnosis Followed by Meningitis in Danish Children, 1995-2004
Otolaryngology- Head and Neck Surgery; 2007; 136(3):428-433
Parner ET, Reefhuis J, Schendel D, Thomsen JL, Oversen T, Thorsen P
[Read summary]

Bacterial Meningitis Among Children with Cochlear Implants Beyond 24 Months After Implantation
Pediatrics; 2006; 117(2):284-289
Blernath KR, Reefhuis J, Whitney CG, Mann EA, Costa P, Eichwald J, Boyle C.
[Read summary]

Cost Savings from Universal Newborn Hearing Screening: Comment on Schroeder, et al [Letter]
Pediatrics; 2006; 117(8):844-845
Grosse SD, Ross DS
Article summary not available

Minimal Hearing Loss and Cognitive Performance in Children: Brief Update
National Workshop on Mild and Unilateral Hearing Loss: Workshop Proceedings; 2006; 1:22-23
Ross DS, Visser S, Holstrum WJ, Kenneson A.
Article summary not available

Mild and Unilateral Hearing Loss in Children
Access Audiology; 2006; 5(2):1-8
Ross DS
[Read summary]

Additional Selected Articles

The Importance of Reporting All Results of Pediatric Diagnostic Audioilogic Evaluations [Letter]
Audiology Today; 2005;17(3):17
Eichwald J, Gaffney M, Ross DS
Article summary not available

Economic Costs Associated with Mental Retardation, Cerebral Palsy, Hearing Loss, and Vision Impairment – United States, 2003
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report; 2004; 53(3):57-59.
[Read article]

The Etiology of Congenital Hearing Loss: A Multi-State Collaborative Study of Infants Ascertained Through Newborn Screening
American Journal of Medical Genetics; 2004; 125C(1):28-34.
Dent K, Kenneson A, Palumbos J, Maxwell S, Eichwald J, White K, Mao R, Carey J.
[Read summary]

Quality Monitoring for Early Hearing Detection and Intervention Programs to Optimize Performance
Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews; 2003; 9:73-78.
Finitzo T, Grosse SD
[Read summary]

Economic Costs of Mental Retardation, Cerebral Palsy, Hearing Loss, and Vision Impairment
In: Using Survey Data to Study Disability: Results from the National Health Interview Survey on Disability. Research in social science and disability, volume 3. Amsterdam: Elsevier; 2003. p. 207-228.
Honeycutt AA, Grosse SD, Dunlap LJ, Schendel DE, Chen H, Brann E, al Homsi G.
Article summary not available

Prevalence and Characteristics of Children with Serious Hearing Impairment in Metropolitan Atlanta, 1991-1993
Pediatrics; 1999; 103(3):570-575
Van Naarden Braun K, Decoufle` P, Caldwell K
[Read Summary]

Relative and Attributable Risks for Moderate to Profound Bilateral Sensorineural Hearing Impairment Associated with Lower Birth Weight in Children 3 to 10 Years Old
Pediatrics; 1999; 104(4): 905-910
Van Naarden Braun K, Decoufle` P
[Read Summary]

Serious Hearing Impairment Among Children Aged 3-10 Years—Atlanta, Georgia, 1991-1993
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report; 1997; 46(45):1073-1076
[Read article]

All Articles

Search a database of CDC articles that have been published by CDC authors within the National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities from 1990 to present