Key Findings: Prevalence and Characteristics of Autism Spectrum Disorder Among 4-Year-Old Children
Data from a CDC pilot project, published in the Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, suggest that progress has been made in identifying children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) at younger ages.
(Published December 9, 2015)
Key Findings: Autism symptoms among children enrolled in the Study to Explore Early Development
A new analysis looking at autism spectrum disorder (ASD) symptoms among young children enrolled in CDC's Study to Explore Early Development (SEED).
(Published June 6, 2015)
Key Findings: The association between assisted reproductive technology and autism spectrum disorder
New studies on the relationship between ART and autism.
(Published March 20, 2015)
ADDM Network update
New CDC funding will expand knowledge about children with autism spectrum disorder.
(Published January 2, 2015)
Classifying autism in research studies
Using standardized diagnostic instruments to classify children with autism to help find causes of the disorder.
(Published October 27, 2014)
Unhealthy weight among adolescents with autism.
(Published March 17, 2014)
Risk Factors for Autism
Read key findings from new CDC research.
(Published: March 17, 2014)
Potential impact of DSM-5 criteria on autism spectrum disorder prevalence estimates.
(Published: January 22, 2014)
New CDC Funding Will Expand Knowledge about Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder
Over the next five years, CDC will invest more than $27 million to carry out a new phase of the Study to Explore Early Development (SEED).
(Published: July 5, 2016)
Why Act Early?
Intervention is likely to be more effective and less costly when it is provided earlier in life rather than later.
(Published: April 4, 2016)
Living with Autism Spectrum Disorder: Anita's Story
Learn about Anita Lesko’s unique story about what it means to be an adult living with ASD.
(Published: April 4, 2016)
New Data on Autism: Five Important Facts to Know
More can be done to ensure that children with ASD are evaluated as soon as possible after developmental concerns are recognized.
(Published: March 31, 2016)
Who Am I? A New Look At Autism
Read one mother's perspective on autism spectrum disorder.
(Published: April 9, 2015)
Living with Autism
Learn more about the role of siblings through this family’s story.
(Published: April 6, 2015)
Autism Training for Health Professionals
Learn about CDC's training to help health practitioners identify autism and provide quality care.
(Published: April 28, 2014)
10 Things To Know About Autism Data
Learn more about CDC's data on the number and characteristics of children with autism spectrum disorder.
(Published: March 27, 2014)
The following is a list of recently published CDC-authored scientific articles on autism spectrum disorder.
Reported wandering behavior among children with autism spectrum disorder and/or intellectual disability.
Journal of Pediatrics. July 2016.
Rice CE, Zablotsky B, Avila RM, Colpe LJ, Schieve LA, Pringle B, Blumberg SJ.
Population impact of preterm birth and low birth weight on developmental disabilities in US children.
Annals of Epidemiology. April 2016.
Schieve LA, Tian LH, Rankin K, Kogan MD, Yeargin-Allsopp M, Visser S, Rosenberg D.
Prevalence and characteristics of autism spectrum disorder among children aged 8 years—Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network, 11 sites, United States, 2012.
MMWR Surveillance Summary. April 2016.
Christensen DL, Baio J, Van Naarden Braun K, Bilder D, Charles J, Constantino JN, Daniels J, Durkin MS, Fitzgerald RT, Kurzius-Spencer M, Lee LC, Pettygrove S, Robinson C, Schulz E, Wells C, Wingate MS, Zahorodny W, Yeargin-Allsopp M.
Demographic profile of families and children in the Study to Explore Early Development (SEED): Case-control study of autism spectrum disorder.
Disability and Health Journal. January 2016.
DiGuiseppi CG, Daniels JL, Fallin DM, Rosenberg SA, Schieve LA, Thomas KC, Windham GC, Goss CW, Soke GN, Currie DW, Singer AB, Lee LC, Bernal P, Croen LA, Miller LA, Pinto-Martin JA, Young LM, Schendel DE.
Prevalence and characteristics of autism spectrum disorders among 4-year-old children in the Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network.
Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics. January 2016.
Christensen DL, Bilder DA, Zahorodny W, Pettygrove S, Durkin MS, Fitzgerald RT, Rice C, Kurzius-Spencer M, Baio J, Yeargin-Allsopp M.
Presence of an epigenetic signature of prenatal cigarette smoke exposure in childhood.
Environmental Research. January 2016.
Ladd-Acosta C, Shu C, Lee BK, Gidaya N, Singer A, Schieve LA, Schendel DE, Jones N, Daniels JL, Windham GC, Newschaffer CJ, Croen LA, Feinberg AP, Daniele Fallin M.
Estimated prevalence of autism and other developmental disabilities following questionnaire changes in the 2014 National Health Interview Survey.
National Health Statistics Report. November 2015.
Zablotsky B, Black LI, Maenner MJ, Schieve LA, Blumberg SJ.
Autism spectrum disorder prevalence and proximity to industrial facilities releasing arsenic, lead or mercury.
Science of the Total Environment. July 2015.
Dickerson AS, Rahbar MH, Han I, Bakian AV, Bilder DA, Harrington RA, Pettygrove S, Durkin M, Kirby RS, Wingate MS, Tian LH, Zahorodny WM, Pearson DA, Moyé LA 3rd, Baio J.
Autism spectrum disorder symptoms among children enrolled in the Study to Explore Early Development (SEED).
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. June 2015 [Epub ahead of print]
Wiggins LD, Levy SE, Daniels J, Schieve L, Croen LA, DiGuiseppi C, Blaskey L, Giarelli E, Lee LC, Pinto-Martin J, Reynolds A, Rice C, Rosenberg CR, Thompson P, Yeargin-Allsopp M, Young L, Schendel D.
Does autism diagnosis age or symptom severity differ among children according to whether assisted reproductive technology was used to achieve pregnancy?
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. May 2015 [Epub ahead of print].
Schieve LA, Fountain C, Boulet SL, Yeargin-Allsopp M, Kissin DM, Jamieson DJ, Rice C, Bearman P.
Association between assisted reproductive technology conception and autism in California, 1997-2007.
American Journal of Public Health. May 2015.
Fountain C, Zhang Y, Kissin DM, Schieve LA, Jamieson DJ, Rice C, Bearman P.
Trends in the prevalence of autism spectrum disorder, cerebral palsy, hearing loss, intellectual disability, and vision impairment, metropolitan atlanta, 1991-2010.
PLoS One. April 2015.
Van Naarden Braun K, Christensen D, Doernberg N, Schieve L, Rice C, Wiggins L, Schendel D, Yeargin-Allsopp M.
Comparison of perinatal risk factors associated with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), intellectual disability (ID), and co-occurring ASD and ID.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. March 2015 [Epub ahead of print].
Schieve LA, Clayton HB, Durkin MS, Wingate MS, Drews-Botsch C.
Age at autism spectrum disorder (ASD) diagnosis by race, ethnicity, and primary household language among children with special health care needs, United States, 2009-2010.
Maternal and Child Health Journal. February 2015 [Epub ahead of print]
Jo H, Schieve LA, Rice CE, Yeargin-Allsopp M, Tian LH, Blumberg SJ, Kogan MD, Boyle CA.
Association of assisted reproductive technology (ART) treatment and parental infertility diagnosis with autism in ART-conceived children.
Human Reproduction. February 2015.
Kissin DM, Zhang Y, Boulet SL, Fountain C, Bearman P, Schieve L, Yeargin-Allsopp M, Jamieson DJ.
A review of the differences in developmental, psychiatric, and medical endophenotypes between males and females with autism spectrum disorder.
Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities. February 2015.
Rubenstein E, Wiggins LD, Lee LC.
Using standardized diagnostic instruments to classify children with autism in the Study to Explore Early Development.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. October 2014 [Epub ahead of print].
Wiggins LD, Reynolds A, Rice CE, Moody EJ, Bernal P, Blaskey L, Rosenberg SA, Lee LC, Levy SE.
Screening for developmental delays among young children—National Survey of Children’s Health, United States, 2007.
MMWR Surveillance Summaries. September 2014.
Rice CE, Van Naarden Braun, K, Kogan MD, Smith C, Kavanagh L, Stickland B, Blumberg SJ.
Brief Report: Independent validation of autism spectrum disorder case status in the Utah Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring (ADDM) Network site.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. July 2014. [Epub ahead of print]
Bakian AV, Bilder DA, Carbone PS, Hunt TD, Petersen B, Rice CE.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Prevalence of Autism Spectrum Disorder Among Children Aged 8 Years — Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network, 11 Sites, United States, 2010. MMWR Surveill Summ. 2014;63(SS02);1-21.
Potential impact of DSM-5 criteria on autism spectrum disorder prevalence estimates.
JAMA Psychiatry. March 2014.
Maenner MJ, Rice CE, Arneson CL, Cunniff C, Schieve LA, Carpenter LA, Van Naarden Braun, Kirby RS, Bakian AV, Durkin MS.
Prevalence and impact of unhealthy weight in a national sample of US adolescents with autism and other learning and behavioral disabilities.
Maternal and Child Health Journal. February 2014 [Epub ahead of print].
Phillips KL, Schieve LA, Visser S, Boulet S, Sharma AJ, Kogan MD, Boyle CA, Yeargin-Allsopp M.
Population attributable fractions for three perinatal risk factors for autism spectrum disorders, 2002 and 2008 Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring (ADDM) Network.
Annals of Epidemiology. January 2014.
Schieve LA, Tian LH, Baio J, Rankin K, Rosenberg D, Wiggins L, Maenner MJ, Yeargin-Allsopp M, Durkin M, Rice C, King L, Kirby RS, Wingate MS, Devine O.
Prevalence of cerebral palsy, co-occurring autism spectrum disorders, and motor functioning – Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network, USA, 2008.
Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology. October 2013.
Christensen D, Van Naarden Braun K, Doernberg NS, Maenner MJ, Arneson CL, Durkin MS, Benedict RE, Kirby RS, Wingate MS, Fitzgerald R, Yeargin-Allsopp M.
Recurrence of autism spectrum disorders in full- and half-siblings and trends over time: a population-based cohort study.
JAMA Pediatrics. October 2013.
Grønborg TK, Schendel DE, Parner ET.
Childhood vision impairment, hearing loss and co-occurring autism spectrum disorder. Disability and Health Journal. July 2013.
Kancherla V, Van Naarden Braun K, Yeargin-Allsopp M.
Urbanicity and autism spectrum disorders.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. June 2013.
Lauritsen MB, Astrup A, Pedersen CB, Obel C, Schendel DE, Schieve L, Yeargin-Allsopp M, Parner ET.
Mental health surveillance among children - United States, 2005-2011.
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, Surveillance Summaries. May 2013.
Perou R, Bitsko RH, Blumberg SJ, Pastor P, Ghandour RM, Gfroerer JC, Hedden SL, Crosby AE, Visser SN, Schieve LA, Parks SE, Hall JE, Brody D, Simile CM, Thompson WW, Baio J, Avenevoli S, Kogan MD, Huang LN.
Frequency and pattern of documents diagnostic features and the age of autism identification.
Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. April 2013.
Maenner MJ, Schieve LA, Rice CE, Cunniff C, Giarelli E, Kirby RS, Lee LC, Nicholas JS, Wingate MS, Durkin MS.
Changes in prevalence of parent-reported autism spectrum disorder in school-aged U.S. children: 2007-2012.
National Health Statistics Reports. March 2013.
Blumberg SJ, Bramlett MD, Kogan MD, Schieve LA, Jones JR, Lu MC.
Prenatal valproate exposure and risk of autism spectrum disorders and childhood autism: a population-based study.
Journal of the American Medical Association. April 2013.
Christensen J, Grønborg TK, Sørensen MJ, Schendel D, Parner ET, Pedersen LH, Vestergaard M.
Evaluating changes in the prevalence of autism spectrum disorders.
Public Health Reviews. March 2013.
Rice CE, Rosanoff M, Dawson G, Durkin MS, PhD, Croen LA, PhD, Singer A, Yeargin-Allsopp M.
Periconceptional folic acid and risk of autism spectrum disorders.
Journal of the American Medical Association. February 2013.
Berry RJ, Crider KS, Yeargin-Allsopp M.
Autism Spectrum Disorder Reclassified: A Second Look at the 1980s Utah/UCLA Autism Epidemiologic Study.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. January 2013.
Miller JS, Bilder D, Farley M, Coon H, Pinborough-Zimmerman J, Jenson W, Rice CE, Fombonne E, Pingree CB, Ritvo E, Ritvo RA, McMahon WM.
Comparison of a broad-based screen versus disorder-specific screen in detecting young children with an autism spectrum disorder.
Autism. December 2012.
Wiggins LD, Piazza V, Robins DL.
Predictors of ascertainment of autism spectrum disorders across nine US communities.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. December 2012.
Pettygrove S, Pinborough-Zimmerman J, John Meaney F, Van Naarden Braun K, Nicholas J, Miller L, Miller J, Rice C.
Autism after infection, febrile episodes, and antibiotic use during pregnancy: an exploratory study. Pediatrics. December 2012.
Atladóttir HÓ, Henriksen TB, Schendel DE, Parner ET.
Occurrence and family impact of elopement in children with autism spectrum disorders.
Pediatrics. November 2012.
Anderson C, Law JK, Daniels A, Rice C, Mandell DS, Hagopian L, Law PA.
The Study to Explore Early Development (SEED): A Multisite Epidemiologic Study of Autism by the Centers for Autism and Developmental Disabilities Research and Epidemiology (CADDRE) Network
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. October 2012.
Schendel DE, Diguiseppi C, Croen LA, Fallin MD, Reed PL, Schieve LA, et al.
Short report: Improving record-review surveillance of young children with an autism spectrum disorder. Autism. September 2012.
Wiggins LD, Robins DL, Yeargin-Allsopp M.
Patterns of contact with hospital for children with an autism spectrum disorder: a danish register-based study.
Journal of Autism Developmental Disorders. August 2012.
Atladóttir HO, Schendel DE, Lauritsen MB, Henriksen TB, Parner ET.
Using maternally reported data to investigate the association between early childhood infection and autism spectrum disorder: the importance of data source.
Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology. July 2012.
Atladóttir HÓ, Henriksen TB, Schendel DE, Parner ET.
Retention of autism spectrum diagnoses by community professionals: findings from the autism and developmental disabilities monitoring network, 2000 and 2006.
Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics. June 2012.
Wiggins LD, Baio J, Schieve L, Lee LC, Nicholas J, Rice CE.
Parent-Reported Prevalence of Autism Spectrum Disorders in US-Born Children: An Assessment of Changes within Birth Cohorts from the 2003 to the 2007 National Survey of Children's Health
Maternal and Child Health Journal. April 2012.
Schieve LA, Rice C, Yeargin-Allsopp M, Boyle CA, Kogan MD, Drews C, and Devine O.
Concurrent medical conditions and health care use and needs among children with learning and behavioral developmental disabilities, National Health Interview Survey, 2006-2010.
Research in Developmental Disabilities. March – April 2012.
Schieve LA, Jarquin VG, Boulet SL, Visser SN, Rice CE, Van Naarden Braun K, Boyle CA.
Parental Age and Autism Spectrum Disorders
Annals of Epidemiology. March 2012.
Parner ET, Baron-Cohen S, Lauritsen MB, Jørgensen M, Schieve LA, Yeargin-Allsopp M, Obel C.
Prevalence of Autism Spectrum Disorders — Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network, 14 Sites, United States, 2008.
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. March 2012.
Corresponding author: Jon Baio, EdS, National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, CDC. [Community Report]
Support for a dimensional view of autism spectrum disorders in toddlers.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. February 2012.
Wiggins LD, Robins DL, Adamson LB, Bakeman R, Henrich CC.
Association between parental nativity and autism spectrum disorder among US-born non-Hispanic white and Hispanic children, 2007 National Survey of Children’s Health
Disability and Health Journal. January 2012.
Schieve LA, Boulet SL, Blumberg SJ, Kogan MD, Yeargin-Allsopp M, Boyle CA, Visser SN, & Rice C.
Autism spectrum disorders and health care expenditures: The effects of co-occurring conditions
Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics. January 2012.
Peacock G, Amendah D, Ouyang L, Grosse S.
Click on one of the following links to see a list of developmental disabilities-related scientific articles from CDC authors:
Search a database of articles that have been published by CDC authors within the National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities from 1990 to present.
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- Page last reviewed: September 26, 2016
- Page last updated: July 11, 2016
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