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Campylobacter Studies

Case Control, Cohort, and Other Studies

Campylobacter Case-Control Study, 1998

In 1998, FoodNet conducted a case-control study to determine risk factors for Campylobacter infection. Food-specific risk factors identified include consuming chicken or non-poultry meat prepared at a restaurant. Non-food risk factors included contact with farm animals, animal stool, and pet puppies. Isolates from a subset of cases enrolled in this study had antimicrobial susceptibility testing; 11% were resistant to the fluroquinolone ciprofloxacin. Risk factors for fluroquinolone -resistant Campylobacter infection included consumption of chicken or turkey in a commercial establishment and recent foreign travel. In addition, ciproflaxacin-resistant Campylobacter was associated with prolonged diarrhea.

An electronic copy of the questionnaire and protocol is not currently available. Please use the contact information to the right to request a copy.

References:

Friedman CR, Hoekstra RM, Samuel M, Marcus R, Bender J, Shiferaw B, Reddy S, Ahuja SD, Helfrick DL, Hardnett F, Carter M, Anderson B, Tauxe RV. Risk factors for sporadic Campylobacter infection in the United States: a case-control study in FoodNet sites. Clin Infect Dis.2004;38(Suppl 3):S286-296.

Kassenborg HD, Smith KE, Vugia DJ, Rabatsky-Ehr T, Bates MR, Carter MA, Dumas NB, Cassidy MP, Marano N, Tauxe RV, Angulo FJ; Emerging Infections Program FoodNet Working Group. Fluoroquinolone-resistant Campylobacter infections: eating poultry outside of the home and foreign travel are risk factors. Clin Infect Dis. 2004;38(Suppl 3):S279-284.

Nelson JM, Smith KE, Vugia DJ, Rabatsky-Ehr T, Segler SD, Kassenborg HD, Zansky SM, Joyce K, Marano N, Hoekstra RM, Angulo FJ. Prolonged diarrhea due to ciprofloxacin-resistant Campylobacter infection. J Infect Dis. 2004;150:1150-1157.

Case-control study of Campylobacter in infants, 2002

In 2002, FoodNet conducted a case-control study to identify behavioral, dietary, and medical risk factors for Campylobacter infection in infants (defined as babies less than 12 months old). Risk factors included consuming reconstituted formula or well water, living on or visiting a farm, having a pet with diarrhea, and riding in a shopping cart next to meat or poultry. Breastfeeding protected against infection.

An electronic copy of the questionnaire and protocol is not currently available. Please use the contact information to the right to request a copy.

Reference:

Fullerton KE, Ingram A, Jones TF, Anderson BJ, McCarthy PV, Hurd S, Shiferaw B, Vugia DJ, Haubert N, Hayes T, Wedel S, Scallan E, Henao OL, Angulo FJ, EIP FoodNet Working. Sporadic Campylobacter infection in infants: A population-based surveillance case-control study. Ped Infect Dis. J 2007;26(1):19-24.

 
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