Human Papillomavirus (HPV) and Cancer
Human papillomavirus (HPV) causes most cervical cancers, as well as some cancers of the vulva, vagina, penis, anus, and oropharynx (cancers of the back of the throat, including the base of the tongue and tonsils).
HPV vaccines are recommended for preteen girls and boys to protect against HPV infection. All kids who are 11 or 12 years old should get the three-dose series of HPV vaccine. Teens who did not get the vaccine or did not get all three doses when they were younger should get it now.
Two screening tests can help prevent cervical cancer or find it early. The Pap test is recommended for women between ages 21 and 65. If you are 30 years old or older, you may choose to have an HPV test along with the Pap test.
Each year, about 33,000 new cases of cancer are found in parts of the body where HPV is often found. HPV causes about 26,800 of these cancers. Cervical cancer is the most common HPV-associated cancer among women, and oropharyngeal cancers (cancers of the back of the throat, including the base of the tongue and tonsils) are the most common among men. Learn more.
CDC’s Latest Research
- Racial and ethnic disparities in HPV-associated cancer burden with first- and second-generation HPV vaccines
- The impact and cost-effectiveness of nonavalent HPV vaccination in the United States
- Changes in knowledge and beliefs about HPV and cervical cancer screening intervals in low-income women after an educational intervention
The Genital HPV Infection fact sheet [PDF-1.4MB] explains what HPV is, what health problems it can cause, and how to lower your risk of getting it.