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Clinical Prevention Guidance

Prevention and control of STIs are based on the following five major strategies [3]:

  • Accurate risk assessment and education and counseling of persons at risk regarding ways to avoid STIs through changes in sexual behaviors and use of recommended prevention services;
  • Pre-exposure vaccination for vaccine preventable STIs;
  • Identification of asymptomatically infected persons and persons with symptoms associated with STIs;
  • Effective diagnosis, treatment, counseling, and follow-up of infected persons; and
  • Evaluation, treatment, and counseling of sex partners of persons who are infected with an STI.
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