Variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD) is a prion disease that was first described in 1996 in the United Kingdom. There is now strong scientific evidence that the agent responsible for the outbreak of prion disease in cows, bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE or 'mad cow' disease), is the same agent responsible for the outbreak of vCJD in humans.
Neuropathologic examination of brain tissue is required to confirm a diagnosis of vCJD.
News and Highlights
Updated: October 7, 2014
CDC and the Texas Department of State Health Services (DSHS) have completed the investigation of the recently reported fourth vCJD case in the United States.
- The National Prion Disease Pathology Surveillance Center
- World Organization for Animal Health (OIE)
- Guidance for Industry: Revised Preventive Measures to Reduce the Possible Risk of Transmission of Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease (CJD) and Variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease (vCJD) by Blood and Blood Products
- Overview of Canada's BSE Safeguards: BSE and vCJD
- Page last reviewed: February 6, 2015
- Page last updated: February 6, 2015
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