Immediately Dangerous to Life or Health Concentrations (IDLH)
CAS number: 98–83–9
NIOSH REL: 50 ppm (240 mg/m3) TWA, 100 ppm (485 mg/m3) STEL
Current OSHA PEL: 1:00 ppm (480 mg/m3) CEILING
1989 OSHA PEL: 50 ppm (240 mg/m3) TWA, 100 ppm (485 mg/m3) STEL
1993-1994 ACGIH TLV: 50 ppm (242 mg/m3) TWA, 100 ppm (483 mg/m3) STEL
Description of substance: Colorless liquid with a characteristic odor.
LEL:. . . 1.9% (10% LEL, 1,900 ppm)
Original (SCP) IDLH: 5,000 ppm
Basis for original (SCP) IDLH: Because no data on acute inhalation toxicity are available on which to base the IDLH for a-methyl styrene, the chosen IDLH is based on an analogy with styrene which has an IDLH of 5,000 ppm.
Short-term exposure guidelines: None developed
ACUTE TOXICITY DATA:
Lethal dose data:
|Species||Reference||Route||LD50 (mg/kg)||LDLo (mg/kg)||Adjusted LD||Derived value|
|Rat||Wolf et al. 1956||oral||4,900||-----||6,982 ppm||698 ppm|
Other animal data: A considerable number of rats and guinea pigs exposed to 3,000 ppm for 7 to 8 hours/day, 5 days/week for up to 6 months died [Gerarde 1960; Wolf et al. 1956]. Rats and guinea pigs had slight changes in liver and kidney weights and some reduction in body weight following exposure to 800 ppm for 7 hours/day, 5 days/week for 27 days [Wolf et al. 1956]. No adverse effects were noted in rats, rabbits, mice, monkeys, and guinea pigs exposed 7 hours/day, 5 days/week for 5 months to 200 ppm [Wolf et al. 1956].
Human data: Four volunteers reported a definite unpleasant odor and slight eye irritation after about 2 minutes of exposure to 200 ppm [Wolf et al. 1956]. Strong eye and nasal irritation has been noted at concentrations above 600 ppm [Gerarde 1960; Wolf et al. 1956].
|Revised IDLH: 700 ppm
Basis for revised IDLH: The revised IDLH for a-methyl styrene is 700 ppm based on acute toxicity data in humans [Wolf et al. 1956] and animals [Gerarde 1960; Wolf et al. 1956] and an analogy to styrene which has a revised IDLH of 700 ppm.
1. Gerarde HW . Toxicology and biochemistry of aromatic hydrocarbons. Princeton, NJ: Elsevier Publishing Company, pp. 131-133.
2. Wolf MA, Rowe VK, McCollister DD, et al. . Toxicological studies of certain alkylated benzenes and benzene. AMA Arch Ind Health 14:387-398.