Immediately Dangerous to Life or Health Concentrations (IDLH)
CAS number: 12604–58–9
NIOSH REL: 1 mg/m3 TWA, 3 mg/m3 STEL
Current OSHA PEL: 1 mg/m3 TWA
1989 OSHA PEL: 1 mg/m3 TWA, 3 mg/m3 STEL
1993-1994 ACGIH TLV: 1 mg/m3 TWA, 3 mg/m3 STEL
Description of Substance: Dark, odorless particulate dispersed in air.
LEL: . . . Solid
Original (SCP) IDLH*: No Evidence [*Note: “Effective” IDLH = 500 mg/m3 — see discussion below.]
Basis for original (SCP) IDLH: The available toxicological data contain no evidence of an IDLH for ferrovanadium dust. ACGIH  reported that no acute intoxication occurred in animals exposed at concentrations as high as 10,000 mg/m3 [Roshchin 1952]. Therefore, for this draft technical standard, respirators have been selected on the basis of the assigned protection factor afforded by each device up to 500 × the OSHA PEL of 1 mg/m3 (i.e., 500 mg/m3); only the “most protective” respirators are permitted for concentrations exceeding 500 mg/m3.
Short-term exposure guidelines: None developed
ACUTE TOXICITY DATA
Animal data: No acute intoxication occurred in animals exposed to concentrations as high as 10,000 mg/m3; serious pathologic changes occurred only at concentrations ranging from 1,000 to 2,000 mg/m3 in 1-hour exposures on alternate days for 2 months [Roshchin 1952]. It was also reported that exposure of rats to 40 to 80 mg/m3 for 2 months caused bronchitis, interstitial sclerosis, and perivascular edema [Clayton and Clayton 1981].
Human data: Systemic effects have not been reported from industrial exposure [Proctor et al. 1988].
|Revised IDLH: 500 mg/m3Basis for revised IDLH: The available toxicological data contain no evidence that an acute exposure to a high concentration of ferrovanadium dust would impede escape or cause any irreversible health effects within 30 minutes. However, the revised IDLH for ferrovanadium dust is 500 mg/m3 based on being 500 times the NIOSH REL of 1 mg/m3 (500 is an assigned protection factor for respirators and was used arbitrarily during the Standards Completion Program for deciding when the “most protective” respirators should be used for particulates).|
1. ACGIH . Ferrovanadium. In: Documentation of the threshold limit values for substances in workroom air. 3rd ed. Cincinnati, OH: American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists, p. 114.
2. Clayton GD, Clayton FE, eds. . Patty’s industrial hygiene and toxicology. 3rd rev. ed. Vol. 2A. Toxicology. New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., p. 2020.
3. Proctor NH, Hughes, JP, Fischman ML . Chemical hazards of the workplace. 2nd ed. Philadelphia, PA: J.B. Lippincott Company, pp. 257-258.
4. Roshchin IV . Hygienic description of production vanadium aerosol. Gig Sanit 11:49-53 (translated).