Social determinants of health are the circumstances in which people are born, grow up, live, work, and age. This also includes the systems in place to offer health care and services to a community. Find in-depth reports and articles about this and related topics, including health equity, programs, and policies.



Recent Articles

Background Reading

  • Banks, J. & Marmot M. (2006) Oldfield Z, Smith JP. Disease and Disadvantage in the United States and in England. JAMA. 295(17): 2037-2045.
  • Evans, R., Barer, M. & Marmor ,T. (1994) Why are some People Healthy and Others Not? The Determinants of Health of Populations. New York: Aldine de Gruyter.
  • EuroHealthNet. (2009) Capacity Building & Awareness Raising Actions pdf icon[1.4 MB]external icon.
  • Institute of Medicine. (2006) Unequal Treatment: Confronting Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Healthcare. Washington, D. C.: The National Academy Press.
  • Jones, CP. (2000) Levels of Racism: A Theoretic Framework and a Gardener’s Tale. Am J Public Health. 90(8):1212-1215.
  • Marmot, M. (2005) Social Determinants of Health Inequalities. The Lancet; 365: 1099-1104.
  • Marmot, M. & Wilkinson, R. (eds). (1999) Social Determinants of Health. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Raphael, D. (2004) Introduction. In D Raphael (Ed.), Social Determinants of Health: Canadian Perspectives. Toronto: Canadian Scholar’s Press.
  • Wilcox, L. (2007) (ed.) Preventing Chronic Disease: Public Health Research, Practice, and Policy, 4(4).


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Page last reviewed: April 11, 2014