Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

Symptoms

Common symptoms of Mayaro virus disease include fever, headache, muscle aches, joint aches, chills, and rash. Other symptoms can include eye pain, swollen lymph nodes, abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting. Most people infected with Mayaro virus have mild illness. Some people infected with Mayaro virus have joint pain that can last for months after symptoms start.

Diagnosis

Talk to your healthcare provider if you are sick and have recently traveled to an area where Mayaro virus might be present including parts of Central and South America and the Caribbean. The symptoms of Mayaro virus are similar to those of chikungunya. Blood tests are available for Mayaro virus to find out if you have been infected.

Treatment

There is no medicine to treat Mayaro virus infection. Over-the-counter medicines can be used to reduce some symptoms. Talk to your healthcare provider about what kind of medications to take. If symptoms are severe, patients may need to be hospitalized to receive supportive care, such as intravenous fluids, pain medication, and nursing care.