Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to navigation Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content

Shingles Surveillance

Shingles and Postherpatic Neuralgia† Rates* by Age, United States

Figure1: Rates of both shingles and postherpatic neuralgia (PHN) per 1,000 person-years increase as age increases. People 80 years and older have the highest rates of disease and PHN (which is defined as pain for 30 days or longer).

*per 1,000 person-years.
† Defined as pain for 30 days or longer

Source: http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview
/mmwrhtml/rr5705a1.htm

Almost 1 out of 3 people in the United States will develop shingles during their lifetime. Most people who get shingles will have it only once. However, it is possible to get it a second or even third time.

Your risk of getting shingles increases as you age, especially after age 50. The most common complication of shingles is postherpatic neuralgia (PHN), which is severe pain in the areas where the shingles rash occurred. About 1 out of 5 people with shingles will get PHN. The risk of PHN increases with age.

Children can get shingles, but it is not common.

Hospitalizations

Approximately 1 to 4% of people who get shingles are hospitalized for complications. Older adults and people with weakened or suppressed immune systems are more likely to be hospitalized. About 30% of people hospitalized for shingles have a weakened or suppressed immune system.

Deaths

Each year, about 96 shingles-related deaths occur in the United States. Almost all the deaths occur in elderly people or those with a weakened or suppressed immune system.

Shingles Rates in People Older than 65 Years, United States, 1992–2010

Figure2: Shingles rates in people in the United States older than age 65 years from 1992–2010. There has been a gradual but steady increase in incidence of shingles among each age group (65 to 69; 70 to 74; 75 to 79, 80 to 84, and 85 years and older). Excluding the group age 85 and older, all age groups should a drop in 2010.

Data Source: http://annals.org/article.aspx?articleid=1784289

Trends

Shingles is increasing among adults in the United States. The increase has been gradual over a long period of time. We do not know the reason for this increase.

One popular explanation, now thought unlikely, is that the increase in shingles might be related to fewer chickenpox cases in United States children due to widespread vaccination against chickenpox. It is suggested that exposure to chickenpox disease may boost a person's immunity to the varicella-zoster virus (VZV) and reduce risk for VZV reactivation in the form of shingles. Therefore, less exposure to children with chickenpox could in theory lead to an increase in shingles in adults. However, this proposed explanation seems unlikely based on two CDC studies which found that shingles rates:

  • started increasing before chickenpox vaccine was introduced in the United States, and
  • did not increase faster after the routine chickenpox vaccination program started.

Other countries without routine chickenpox vaccination programs, have observed similar increases in shingles rates.

Although not common among children, the rate of shingles in United States children has been declining since the routine varicella vaccination program began. Like the wild-type (natural) virus, the attenuated (weakened) vaccine virus can reactivate and cause shingles. However, children who get the chickenpox vaccine appear to have a much lower risk of shingles than children who were infected with wild-type chickenpox. Vaccinated children are less likely to become infected with wild-type chickenpox virus, which is more likely to reactivate as shingles compared to attenuated vaccine virus.

Shingles Vaccination

In 2012, 20.1% of adults aged 60 years and older reported receiving the shingles vaccine. This is an increase from the 15.8% reported in 2011.

 

References

Top