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CDC Science Clips: August 6 - August 10, 2012

 
Vol. 4, Issue: 32, 8/13/12
 
 

Articles on practice, policy, and behavioral aspects of global infectious disease control lead off this week's featured articles. A school-based hygiene and water treatment program implemented in rural Kenya resulted in decreased respiratory illnesses and increased handwashing behavior and hygiene knowledge, according to MK Patel, writing with CDC and non-CDC collaborators. A Ugandan study conducted by F Braka et al finds that vaccine safety concerns and misconceptions among parents and caretakers are not limited to the developed world. Looking forward to a world after polio eradication, a group led by HM Sazzad assess the feasibility of identifying children in Bangladesh who may be at risk for shedding a type of vaccine-derived poliovirus due to underlying immune deficiency. A novel policy analysis first authored by J Fu examines the lessons learned from the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) and how they might apply to HIV prevention and treatment in the US.

Turning to domestic public health issues, a major analysis published in Health Affairs by SJ Olshansky and colleagues finds widening disparities in life expectancy mediated by race and education, with uncertain prospects for closing the gap. A more specific health disparity is addressed by SL Stanley and co-authors, who document racial and ethnic gaps among persons who have never been screened for colorectal cancer.

Retaining a U.S. focus, Science Clips featured articles conclude this week with analyses related to environmental health, injury, chronic disease prevention, and communicable disease epidemiology. A study led by G St. Helen finds biomarkers of tobacco smoke exposure significantly increased in nonsmokers after being exposed to secondhand smoke outdoors. T Rosen and CDC colleagues show that nearly 38,000 older adults are treated in emergency departments for falls associated with rugs and carpets, and highlight risk awareness and prevention measures. In an analysis published in JAMA, BK Kit et al show overall evidence of improvement in serum lipid concentrations among 6-19 year olds, a finding tempered by nearly 10% prevalence of elevated cholesterol for the most recent survey period. Finally, an analysis by P Spradling and collaborators of over 1.2 million persons covered by private health insurance found likely underascertainment of hepatitis B and C virus infections, suggesting diagnostic issues that go beyond access to care.

John Iskander

Editor, Science Clips


Science Clips is a service of the CDC Public Health Library and Information Center and CDC's Office of the Chief Science Officer.


The Science Clips is in the public domain and may be freely forwarded and reproduced without permission. The original sources and the CDC Science Clips should be cited as sources. Articles featured in Science Clips may be in-press or uncorrected proofs.

For assistance in obtaining copies of these articles, contact the library at cdclibrary@cdc.gov or 404-639-1717. Please note that links below to CDC licensed materials are available only through the Intranet and may go through the SFX server. From the SFX window, just click on the full-text link to reach the full-text.

  1. Top Ten Articles of the Week
    Selected weekly by a senior CDC scientist from the standard sections listed below.
  2. CDC Authored Publications
    The names of CDC authors are indicated in bold text.
    Articles published in the past 6-8 weeks authored by CDC or ATSDR staff.
  3. Public Health Articles Noted in the Media
    Articles about important public health topics that have been mentioned in the press.

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CDC Science Clips Production Staff
John Iskander, MD MPH, Editor
Rebecca Satterthwaite, MS, Librarian
Gail Bang, MLIS, Librarian
Deidre Thomas, MLS, Librarian
Kathleen Connick, MSLS, Librarian
Joseph Dunlap, Web Developer

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DISCLAIMER: Articles listed in the CDC Science Clips are selected by the CDC Public Health Library and Information Center to provide current awareness of the public health literature. An article's inclusion does not necessarily represent the views of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention nor does it imply endorsement of the article's methods or findings. CDC and DHHS assume no responsibility for the factual accuracy of the items presented. The selection, omission, or content of items does not imply any endorsement or other position taken by CDC or DHHS. Opinion, findings and conclusions expressed by the original authors of items included in the Clips, or persons quoted therein, are strictly their own and are in no way meant to represent the opinion or views of CDC or DHHS. References to publications, news sources, and non-CDC Websites are provided solely for informational purposes and do not imply endorsement by CDC or DHHS.


 

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