Immediately Dangerous to Life or Health Concentrations (IDLH)
CAS number: 76–11–9
NIOSH REL: 500 ppm (4,170 mg/m3) TWA
Current OSHA PEL: 500 ppm (4,170 mg/m3) TWA
1989 OSHA PEL: Same as current PEL
1993-1994 ACGIH TLV: 500 ppm (4,170 mg/m3) TWA
LEL :. . Noncombustible solid
Description of substance: Colorless solid with a slight, ether-like odor.
Original (SCP) IDLH: 15,000 ppm
Basis for original (SCP) IDLH: The chosen IDLH is based on the statement by Patty  that rats became slightly intoxicated after being exposed for 1.5 hours to 15,000 ppm [Greenburg and Lester 1950] and on the statement by ACGIH  that rats died following a 4-hour exposure to 15,000 ppm [Clayton et al. 1966].
Short-term exposure guidelines: None developed
ACUTE TOXICITY DATA:
Lethal concentration data:
|Clayton et al. 1966
Torkelson et al. 1971
|30,000 ppm (2.0)
20,000 ppm (1.0)
Other animal data: Rats exposed to 10,000 ppm for 1.5 to 2 hours showed slight signs of intoxication but no loss of reflexes, while a concentration of 20,000 to 30,000 ppm was fatal in 1.0 to 2.5 hours [Greenberg and Lester 1950].
Human data: None relevant for use in determining the revised IDLH.
|Revised IDLH: 2,000 ppm
Basis for revised IDLH: The revised IDLH for 1,1,1,2-tetrachloro-2,2-difluoroethane is 2,000 ppm based on acute inhalation toxicity data in animals [Torkelson et al. 1971] and to be consistent with the revised IDLH for the similar chlorofluorocarbon 1,1,2,2-tetrachloro-1,2-difluoroethane which has a revised IDLH of 2,000 ppm. This may be a conservative value due to the lack of relevant acute inhalation toxicity data for workers.
1. ACGIH . 1,1,1,2-Tetrachloro-2,2-difluoroethane. In: Documentation of the threshold limit values for substances in workroom air. 3rd ed. Cincinnati, OH: American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists, p. 249.
2. Clayton JW Jr, Sherman H, Morrison SD, Barnes JR, Hood DB . Toxicity studies on 1,1,2,2-tetrachloro-1,2-difluoroethane and 1,1,1,2-tetrachloro-2,2-difluoroethane. Am Ind Hyg Assoc J 27(4):332-340.
3. Greenberg LA, Lester D . Toxicity of the tetrachlorodifluoroethanes. AMA Arch Ind Hyg Occup Med 2:345-347.
4. Patty FA, ed. . Industrial hygiene and toxicology. 2nd rev. ed. Vol. II. Toxicology. New York, NY: Interscience Publishers, Inc., p. 1331.
5. Torkelson TR, Kary CD, Chenoweth MB, Larsen ER . Single exposure of rats to the vapors of trace substances in methoxyflurane. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 19:1-9.
- Page last reviewed: December 4, 2014
- Page last updated: December 4, 2014
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