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Journal Articles


Haagsma JA, Polinder S, Lyons RA, Lund J, Ditsuwan V, Prinsloo M, Veerman JL, van Beeck EF. Improved and standardized methods to assess disability adjusted life years after injury. Bull World Health Organ BLT 2012. 11.095109.

Gabbe BJ, Lyons RA, Sutherland AM, Hart MJ, Cameron PA. Level of agreement between patient and proxy responses to the EQ-5D health questionnaire 12-months following injury. J Trauma 2012; 72(4): 1102-5.

Polinder S, Haagsma JA, Lyons RA, Gabbe BJ, Ameratunga S, Cryer C, Derrett S, Harrison JE, Segui-Gomez M, van Beeck EF. Measuring the population burden of fatal and non-fatal injury. Epidemiol Rev 2012; 34(1): 17-31.


Cryer C, Fingerhut L, Segui Gomez M, on behalf of the ICE Injury Indicators Working Group. Mortality Indicators: Recommendations from the International Collaborative Effort on Injury Statistics. Injury Prevention. 2011; 17: 281-284.

Cryer C, Gulliver P, Langley JD, Davie G, Samaranayaka A, Fowler C. A proposed theoretical definition to address the undercounting of injury deaths. Injury Prevention 2011; 17: 219-221.

Black JA, Herbison GP, Lyons RA, Polinder S, Derrett S. Recovery After Injury: An Individual Patient Data Meta-Analysis of General Health Status Using the EQ-5D. J Trauma 2011; 71: 1003- 1010.

Lyons RA, Kendrick D, Towner EM, Christie N, Macey S, Coupland C, Gabbe B. Measuring the population burden of injuries-implications for global and national estimates. A multi-centre prospective longitudinal study. 2011. PLoS Med 8(12):e1001140. Doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.1001140

Gabbe BJ, Harrison JE, Lyons RA, Jolley D. Modelling Long Term Disability following Injury: Comparison of Three Approaches for Handling Multiple Injuries. 2011. PLoS ONE 6(9): e25862. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0025862.

Gabbe BJ, Lyons RA, Lecky FE, Bouamra O, Woodford M, Coats TJ, Cameron PA, Comparison of mortality following hospitalisation for isolated head injury in England and Wales, and Victoria, Australia. 2011. PLoS One 2011;6: e20545.


Gulliver P, Cryer C, Davie G, Langley J. The investigation of methods to develop indicators to measure injury-related impairment. Injury Prevention 2010; 16: 240-6.

Cryer C, Gulliver P, Langley J, Davie G. To what degree is length of stay in hospital a stable proxy for injury severity? Injury Prevention 2010; 16: 254-260.

Cryer C, Gulliver P, Davie G, de Graaf B, Langley J, et al. Empirical validation of the New Zealand Injury Prevention Strategy indicators: The identification of ICD diagnoses associated with a high probability of inpatient hospital admission. Dunedin, New Zealand: Injury Prevention Research Unit, University of Otago. 2010.

Polinder S, Haagsma J, Belt E, Lyons RA, Erasmus V, Lund J, van Beeck E. A systematic review of studies measuring health-related quality of life of general injury populations. BMC Public Health 2010; 10: 783.

Ward H, Lyons R, Gabbe B, Thoreau R, Pinder L, Macey S. Review of police road casualty injury severity classification: a feasibility study (Road safety publication No. 119). London: Department for Transport, 2010.

Meerding WJ, Polinder S, Lyons RA, Petridou ET, Toet H, van Beeck EF, Mulder S. How adequate are emergency department home and leisure injury surveillance systems for cross-country comparisons in Europe? International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion 2010; 17(1): 13-22.

Lyons RA, Finch CF, McClure R, van Beeck E, Macey S. The Injury LOAD Framework- conceptualising the full range of deficits and adverse outcomes following injury and violence. Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot 2010; 17(3): 145-159. DOI: 10.1080/17457300903453104.


Cryer C and Langley J. Developing indicators of injury incidence that can be used to monitor global, regional and local trends. University of Otago Feb 2008.

Davie G, Cryer C and Langley J. Improving the predictive ability of the ICD-based Injury Severity Score. Injury Prevention 2008; 14: 250-255.


Connor J, Langley J, and Cryer C. International comparisons of Injury, a compilation of reports to the New Zealand Injury Prevention Strategy Secretariat. September 2007.


Cryer C and Langley JD. Developing valid indicators of injury incidence for "all injury" Injury Prevention 2006;12;202-207.

Griffiths C, Wright O, and Rooney C. Trends in injury and poisoning mortality using the ICE on injury statistics matrix, England and Wales, 1979-2004. Health Statistics Quarterly 32. Office of National Statistics
PDF Version (484 KB).


Driscoll T, Marsh S, McNoe B, Langley J, Stout N, Feyer, A-M, and Williamson A. Comparison of fatalities from work related vehicle traffic incidents in Australia, New Zealand, and the United States. Injury Prevention 2005, 11:294-299.

Fingerhut LA, Harrison J., Holder Y, Frimodt-Moller B, Mackenzie S, Mulder S, and Scott I. Addressing the growing burden of trauma and injury in low- and middle-income countries (Letter to the editor) Am J Public Health 2005 95 (7).

Cryer C, Langley JD, Jarvis SN, Mackenzie SG, Stephenson SCR, Heywood P. Injury outcome indicators: the development of a validation tool. Injury Prevention 2005,11:53-57.

Aharonson-Danie L, Giveon A, and Peleg K. Gaps in injury statistics: multiple injury profiles reveal them and provide a comprehensive account. Injury Prevention 2005; 11:197-200.

Spicer R, Miller T, Langley J, and Stephenson S. Comparison of injury case fatality rates in the United States and New Zealand. Injury Prevention 2005; 11:71-76.

Flanagan RJ, Rooney C, Griffiths C. Fatal poisoning in childhood, England Wales 1968-2000. Forensic Science International, 148:121-129.

ICECI in the Real World. Injury Issues Monitor 2005: 32: 14-16.:


Fingerhut LA. International Collaborative Effort on Injury Statistics: 10 year review Injury Prevention, Oct 2004; 10:264-267 and in Injury Control and Safety Promotion, 2004 vol 11, no 4:297-301.

Quinlan KP, Annest JL, Myers B, Ryan GW, Hill H. Neck strains and sprains among motor vehicle occupants, United States, 2000. Accident Anal & Prev 2004;36(1):21-27.

Stephenson SCR, Henley G, Harrison JE, Langley JD. Diagnosis-based Injury Severity Scaling: Investigation of a method using Australian and New Zealand hospitalizations. Injury Prevention, 2004, 10:6:379-383.

Cryer C, Langley JD, Stephenson S. Developing Valid Injury Outcome Indicators, A report for the New Zealand Injury Prevention Strategy. Injury Prevention Research Unit, Occasional Report Series No. 49, 2004.


Aharonson-Daniel L, Boyko V, Ziz A, Avitizour M, Peleg K. A new approach to the analysis of multiple injuries using data from a national trauma registry. Injury Prevention 2003; 9: 156-162.

Langley J, Stephenson S, Cryer C. Measuring road traffic safety performance: monitoring trends in nonfatal injury. Traffic Injury Prevention 2003; 4: 291-296.

Stephenson SCR, Langley JD, Campbell J, Gillespie W. Upward trends in the incidence of neck of the femur fractures in the elderly. New Zealand Medical Journal 2003; 116(1185): 1-8.

Griffiths C, Rooney C. The effect of introduction of ICD-10 on trends in mortality from injury and poisoning in England and Wales. National Statistics 2003; 19:10-21.

Harrison J. ICECI Technical Update: developments since the adoption of ICECI into WHO-FIC with alpha status in October 2000. Meeting of WHO Collaborative Centers for the Family of International Classification.
PDF Version (119 KB)


Barell V, Aharonson-Daniel L, Fingerhut LA, MacKenzie EJ, et al. An introduction to the Barell body region by nature of injury diagnosis matrix. Injury Prevention 2002; 8: 91-6.

Cryer C, Langley JD, Stephenson SCR, Jarvis SN, Edwards P. Measure for measure: the quest for valid indicators of non-fatal injury incidence. Public Health 2002; 116(5): 257-262.

Driscoll T, Feyer A-M, Stout N, Williamson A. Assessing the classification of work-relatedness of fatal accidents: a comparison between Australia, New Zealand and the United States. Injury Control and Safety Promotion 2002; 9: 32-9.

Stephenson SCR, Langley JD, Civil ID. Comparing measures of injury severity for use with large databases. J Trauma 2002; 53: 326-332.

Langley JD, Stephenson SCR, Cryer C, Borman B. Traps for the unwary in estimating person based injury incidence. Injury Prevention 2002; 8(4): 332-337.

Flanagan RJ, Rooney C. Recording acute poisoning deaths. Forensic Science International 2002; 128: 3-19.


Cryer C, Westrup S, Cook C, Ashwell V, Bridger P, Clarke C. An investigation of bias after data linkage of hospital admissions data to police road traffic crash reports. Injury Prevention 2001; 7: 234-41.

Feyer AM, Williamson AM, Stout N, et al. Comparison of work related fatal injuries in the United States, Australia and New Zealand: method and overall findings. Injury Prevention 2001; 7: 22-28.

Williamson A, Feyer A-M, Stout N, Driscoll T, Usher H. Use of narrative analysis for comparison of the causes of fatal accidents in three countries: New Zealand, Australia, and the United States. Injury Prevention 2001; 7: 15-20.


Cryer C, Jarvis SN, Edwards P, Langley JD. Why the government was right to change the "Our Healthier Nation" accidental injury target. Public Health 2000; 114: 232-7.

Langley JD, Cryer C. Argument for A&E collection is flawed. Injury Prevention 2000; 6: 73.

Langley JD, Cryer C. Indicators for injury surveillance. Australasian Epidemiologist 2000; 7: 5-9.

Miller TR, Romano EO, Spicer RS. The cost of childhood unintentional injuries and the value of prevention. The Future of Children, volume 10, no. 1-Spring/Summer 2000.


Cryer C, Jarvis SN, Edwards P, Langley JD. How can we reliably measure the occurrence of non-fatal injury? International J Consumer & Product Safety 1999; 6: 183-91.

Langley JD, Chalmers DJ. Coding the circumstances of injury: ICD-10 a step forward or backwards? Injury Prevention 1999; 5(4):247-53.

Morrison A, Stone D. and the EURORISC Working Group. Unintentional childhood injury mortality in Europe 1984-93: a report from the EURORISC Working Group. Injury Prevention 1999; 5: 171-176.

Stone DH, Morrison A, Smith GS. Emergency department injury surveillance systems: the best source of limited resources? Injury Prevention 1999; 5: 166-167.


Fingerhut LA, Cox CS, Warner M, et al. International comparative analysis of injury mortality: Findings from the ICE on Injury Statistics. Advance data from vital and health statistics; no. 303. Hyattsville, Maryland: NCHS. 1998.
PDF Version (218 KB)

Smith G, Langley JD. Drowning surveillance: How well do E codes identify submersion fatalities. Injury Prevention, 1998; 4:135-139.

1997 and Earlier

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Recommended framework for presenting injury mortality data. MMWR 1997;46(No.RR-14):[inclusive page numbers]

Fingerhut LA and Warner M. Injury Chartbook, Health, United States, 1996-97. Hyattsville, Maryland: National Center for Health Statistics. 1997.
PDF Version (2.4 MB)

Fingerhut LA, Annest JL, Baker, SP, Kochanek KD, McLoughlin E. Injury mortality among children and teenagers in the United States, 1993. Injury Prevention 2:93-94, 1996.

Langley JD, Smeijers J. Injury mortality among children and teenagers in New Zealand compared with United States of America. Injury Prevention, 1997; 3:195-199.

Mortality (motor vehicle and firearm), International Comparisons charts, 1992-95 (excerpted from Health, United States, 1996-97 Injury Chartbook, p. 32)
PDF Version (143 KB).

Book Chapters

Smith, G.S. The global burden of drowning. In: Bierens J (Ed.) Handbook on Drowning Prevention, Rescue, Treatment. Springer Press, Heidelberg, Germany. In press. 3-03.

Special Reports

International Comparisons of Injury.
PDF Version (143 KB)


Proceedings of the International Collaborative Effort on Injury Statistics, Volume IV. (PHS) 2003-1026. August 2003 (Edited by LA Fingerhut).
PDF Version (3.3 MB)

Highlights of the International Collaborative Effort on Injury Statistics, Paris Meeting, April 2003

Proceedings of the International Collaborative Effort ICE on Injury Statistics, Volume III. Washington DC: 2nd Symposium [June 1999]. April 2000.

Proceedings of the International Collaborative Effort ICE on Injury Statistics, Volume II. (PHS) 96-1252. September 1996 (Edited by LA Fingerhut).

Proceedings of the International Collaborative Effort ICE on Injury Statistics, Volume I. (PHS) 95-1252. March 1995 (Edited by LA Fingerhut).



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