Health Disparities in HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STDs, and TB
Native Hawaiians and Other Pacific Islanders
In 2011, Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islanders’ rates of HIV per 100,000 population for both males (34.2) and females (3.9) exceed their white counterparts (males 14.5) (females 2.0).
Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD)
In 2010, the gonorrhea rate among Asians/Pacific Islanders was 15.5 cases per 100,000 population, which was lower than the rate among whites. This difference is larger for Asian/Pacific Islander women than for Asian/Pacific Islander men. In 2010, rates among Asians/Pacific Islanders were again lower than rates among whites in all four regions of the United States.
In 2010, the chlamydia rate among Asians/Pacific Islanders was 115.3 cases per 100,000 population, an increase of 5.1% from the 2009 rate of 109.7 cases per 100,000. The overall rate among Asians/Pacific Islanders was lower than the rate among whites.
During 2009–2010, the rate of primary and secondary (P&S) syphilis among Asians/Pacific Islanders decreased 13.3% (from 1.5 to 1.3 cases per 100,000 population). In 2010, 1.5% of all cases reported to CDC were among Asians/Pacific Islanders. The 2010 rate of P&S syphilis for Asians/Pacific Islanders was 0.6 times the rate for whites.
- STD Topic Site
- STDs and Health Disparities
- STD Surveillance Report, 2011
- STDs in Racial and Ethnic Minorities
**Viral hepatitis surveillance collects Pacific Islander data with Asian data.**
Acute Hepatitis A
Although rates of acute hepatitis A among Asian/Pacific Islanders have continued to decline, this group has had the highest rate for the past 4 years and a rate of 0.84 per 100,000 population in 2011.
Acute Hepatitis B
In 2011, the rate of acute hepatitis B was lowest for Asian/Pacific Islanders and Hispanics (0.4 cases per 100,000 population for each group.
Chronic Hepatitis B
In 2011, among the 5,155 cases for whom race/ethnicity was known, Asian/Pacific Islanders accounted for the highest number of chronic HBV cases (n=3,031, 59%) reported from all sites.
Acute Hepatitis C
Rates for acute hepatitis C decreased for all racial/ethnic populations through 2003. During 2002–2010, the incidence rate of acute hepatitis C remained below 0.5 cases per 100,000. In 2011 Asian/Pacific Islanders had the lowest rate for hepatitis C at 0.05 case per 100,000 population.
In 2010, only 95 of the 11,182 TB cases reported to CDC were among Native Hawaiians or other Pacific Islanders.