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Health Disparities in HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STDs, and TB

Native Hawaiians and Other Pacific Islanders


In 2011, Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islanders’ rates of HIV per 100,000 population for both males (34.2) and females (3.9) exceed their white counterparts (males 14.5) (females 2.0).

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Photo of Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander family

Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD)


In 2010, the gonorrhea rate among Asians/Pacific Islanders was 15.5 cases per 100,000 population, which was lower than the rate among whites. This difference is larger for Asian/Pacific Islander women than for Asian/Pacific Islander men. In 2010, rates among Asians/Pacific Islanders were again lower than rates among whites in all four regions of the United States.


In 2010, the chlamydia rate among Asians/Pacific Islanders was 115.3 cases per 100,000 population, an increase of 5.1% from the 2009 rate of 109.7 cases per 100,000. The overall rate among Asians/Pacific Islanders was lower than the rate among whites.


During 2009–2010, the rate of primary and secondary (P&S) syphilis among Asians/Pacific Islanders decreased 13.3% (from 1.5 to 1.3 cases per 100,000 population). In 2010, 1.5% of all cases reported to CDC were among Asians/Pacific Islanders. The 2010 rate of P&S syphilis for Asians/Pacific Islanders was 0.6 times the rate for whites.

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Photo of Hawaiian girl

Viral Hepatitis

**Viral hepatitis surveillance collects Pacific Islander data with Asian data.**

Acute Hepatitis A

Although rates of acute hepatitis A among Asian/Pacific Islanders have continued to decline, this group has had the highest rate for the past 4 years and a rate of 0.84 per 100,000 population in 2011.

Acute Hepatitis B

In 2011, the rate of acute hepatitis B was lowest for Asian/Pacific Islanders and Hispanics (0.4 cases per 100,000 population for each group.

Chronic Hepatitis B

In 2011, among the 5,155 cases for whom race/ethnicity was known, Asian/Pacific Islanders accounted for the highest number of chronic HBV cases (n=3,031, 59%) reported from all sites.

Acute Hepatitis C

Rates for acute hepatitis C decreased for all racial/ethnic populations through 2003. During 2002–2010, the incidence rate of acute hepatitis C remained below 0.5 cases per 100,000. In 2011 Asian/Pacific Islanders had the lowest rate for hepatitis C at 0.05 case per 100,000 population.

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Tuberculosis (TB)

In 2010, only 95 of the 11,182 TB cases reported to CDC were among Native Hawaiians or other Pacific Islanders.

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