Understaning Hearing Loss
Many different things can happen in the ear to cause a hearing loss.The ear is divided into three parts:
- A conductive loss — hearing loss caused by something that stops sounds from getting through the outer or middle ear.
- A sensorineural loss — hearing loss that occurs when there is a problem in the way the inner ear or hearing nerve works.
- A mixed hearing loss — hearing loss that includes a conductive and a sensorineural hearing loss.
- Mild Hearing Loss — a person with a mild hearing loss may hear some speech sounds but soft sounds are hard to hear.
- Moderate Hearing Loss — a person with a moderate hearing loss may hear almost no speech when another person is talking at a normal level.
- Severe Hearing Loss — a person with severe hearing loss will hear no speech of a person talking at a normal level and only some loud sounds.
- Profound Hearing Loss — a person with a profound hearing loss will not hear any speech and only very loud sounds.
- Pre-lingual — the hearing loss occurred before the child learned to talk.
- Post-lingual — the hearing loss occurred after the child learned to talk.
- Unilateral — there is a hearing loss in one ear.
- Bilateral — there is a hearing loss in both ears.
Parents and professionals will use these terms to describe a child's unique type of hearing loss when talking to others.
If professionals and other parents use terms that you don't understand, please ask questions.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities
Hearing Loss Team
1600 Clifton Road
Atlanta, GA 30333
TTY: (888) 232-6348
- Contact CDC-INFO