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Highlighted Articles

Persistence of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Symptoms
New report  finding that certain ADHD symptoms can often last into adolescence.
(Published July 3, 2014)

ADHD Diagnosis and Treatment 2003-2011
New data on trends and age of diagnosis.
(Published November 22, 2013)

Key Findings: ADHD Diagnosis
Parent report is a valid measure of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder diagnosis.
(Published: May 14, 2013)

Medication and ADHD 2007-2008
Parent-reported medication rates for ADHD, nationally and by state.
(Published: September 13, 2012)

ADHD Prevalence in Two Communities
The prevalence of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: its diagnosis and treatment in a community based epidemologic study.
(Published: September 11, 2012)

Smoking in Pregnancy: A Possible Risk for ADHD
CDC looked at any association between smoking during pregnancy and ADHD.
(Published: October 10, 2014)

ADHD: Keeping Track of the Numbers
Discover how CDC’s latest research helps us all understand how ADHD impacts children and families.
(Published: November 22, 2013)

October is Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Awareness Month.
(Published: October 25, 2013)

ADHD: Current Research
Project to Learn About ADHD in Youth (PLAY)
(Published: October 9, 2012)

ADHD is Increasing
Nearly one in ten school-age children have an ADHD diagnosis.
(Published: August 14, 2012)


Scientific Articles

* These CDC scientific articles are listed in order of date published


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Student-Perceived School Climate Is Associated With ADHD Medication Treatment Among Adolescents in Medicaid
Journal of Attention Disorders published online February 20, 2015 DOI: 10.1177/1087054715569601
Susanna N. Visser, Dennis Kramer, Angela B. Snyder, Joyce Sebian, Garry McGiboney, Arden Handler
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The impact of case definition on attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder prevalence estimates.
Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry; 2015, 54(1): 53–61.
Robert E. McKeown, Joseph R. Holbrook, Melissa L. Danielson, Stephen P. Cuffe, Mark L. Wolraich, Susanna N. Visser
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Persistence of Parent-Reported ADHD Symptoms From Childhood Through Adolescence in a Community Sample.
Journal of Attention Disorders published online 3 July 2014 DOI: 10.1177/1087054714539997
Joseph R. Holbrook, Steven P. Cuffe , Bo Cai, Susanna N. Visser, Melinda S. Forthofer, Matteo Bottai, Andrew Ortaglia, Robert E. McKeown
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Trends in the Parent-Report of Health Care Provider-Diagnosed and Medicated ADHD Disorder: United States, 2003—2011.
Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry;  2014,53(1):34–46.e2.
Susanna N. Visser, Melissa L. Danielson, Rebecca H. Bitsko, Joseph R. Holbrook, Michael D. Kogan, Reem M. Ghandour, Ruth Perou, Stephen J. Blumberg
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Convergent validity of parent-reported attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder diagnosis: A cross-study comparison.
JAMA Pediatrics 2013; 1-2. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2013.2364
Susanna N. Visser, Melissa L. Danielson, Rebecca H. Bitsko, Ruth Perou, Stephen J. Blumberg
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State-Based and Demographic Variation in Parent-Reported Medication Rates for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, 2007–2008
Preventing Chronic Disease, 2013;10:20073. DOI:
Susanna N. Visser, Stephen J. Blumberg, Melissa L. Danielson, Rebecca H. Bitsko, Michael D. Kogan
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The prevalence of ADHD: Its diagnosis and treatment in four school districts across two states
Journal of Attention Disorders. October 2014; 18 (7), 563-575. DOI: 10.1177/1087054712453169.
Mark L. Wolraich, Robert E. McKeown, Susanna N. Visser, David Bard, Steven Cuffe, Barbara Neas Lorie L. Geryk, Melissa Doffing, Matteo Bottai, Ann J. Abramowitz, Laoma Beck, Joseph R. Holbrook, Melissa Danielson
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Increasing Prevalence of Parent-Reported Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Among Children - United States, 2003 and 2007
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR); November 12, 2010 / 59(44);1439-1443
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Unmet Health Care Needs Among CSHCN With Neurologic Conditions
Rebecca H. Bitsko, Susanna N. Visser, Laura A. Schieve, Danielle S. Ross, David J. Thurman, Ruth Perou
Pediatrics, 2009; 124 Suppl. 4; pp. S343 -S351. DOI: 10.1542/peds.2009-1255D
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Diagnosed Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Learning Disability: United States, 2004-2006
Vital and Health Statistics; July 2008; Series 10, Number 237
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Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Children: National Health Interview Survey, 2006
Vital and Health Statistics; September 2007; Series 10 Number 234, Appendix III, Table VI
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National Estimates and Factors Associated With Medication Treatment for Childhood Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
Pediatrics; Vol. 119 Supplement February 2007, pp. S99-S106
Susanna N. Visser, MS, Catherine A. Lesesne, PhD, MPH and Ruth Perou, PhD
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Mental Health in the United States: Prevalence of Diagnosis and Medication Treatment for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder --- United States, 2003
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report; September 2, 2005; 54(34); 842-847
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Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in School-Aged Children: Association with Maternal Mental Health and use of Health Care Resources
Pediatrics; 2003; 111:S1232-1237
Lesesne CA, Visser SN, White CP
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The Epidemiology of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): A Public Health View
Mental Retardation Developmental Disability Research Review; 2002; 8:162-170
Rowland AS, Lesesne CA, Abramowitz AJ
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All Articles

Search a database of articles that have been published by CDC authors within the National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities from 1990 to present.