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CDC Science Clips: April 23 - 27, 2012

Vol. 4, Issue: 17, 4/30/12
 
Welcome to Science Clips, CDC's weekly digest!
 
The report consists of four components:

Two related reviews on mental health from the Community Guide are featured in this week's Science Clips. AB Thota and multiple collaborators find strong evidence of clinical and public health effectiveness for collaborative care for depression, while V Jacob writing with others concludes that collaborative depression care "provides good economic value".

Surveys as surveillance tools, and new state and local surveillance methods, also figure prominently in the week's featured articles. C Li, writing with several CDC colleagues in Preventive Medicine, compare prevalence estimates for chronic conditions and risk behaviors across three of CDC's major surveys: BRFSS, NHIS, and NHANES. Writing for an international collaborative group, V Balaban documents less respiratory illness and shorter duration of illness in surveyed Hajj pilgrims who complied with protective practices including hand hygiene and social distancing. A joint academic-public health group of authors, led by E Samoff, describe the integration of syndromic surveillance into public health practice in North Carolina; they also discuss implications for the sensitivity and efficiency of surveillance systems.

"Winnable battles" often merit special attention in Science Clips, with this week being no exception. Safe injection practices are an important component of healthcare-associated infection prevention. AY Guh and colleagues from the Division of Healthcare Quality Promotion review patient notifications for bloodborne pathogen testing resulting from unsafe injection practices. A randomized trial led by LR Metsch finds value for using rapid HIV testing in drug treatment settings, but no additional benefit from providing HIV risk-reduction counseling. Motor vehicle injury prevention, as well as injury prevention more broadly, may depend in part on legal authorities of public health to intervene. DD Stier, writing in the American Journal of Public Health, finds that only 20% of state health departments have full authority over injury prevention.

Diverse aspects of viral diseases comprise our final featured selections. KM Gustin and colleagues from CDC's Influenza Division review recent innovations in laboratory models of influenza infections. The potential severity of Dengue virus infections is well known, but KM Tomashek et al provide data indicating that deaths due to Dengue that were part of a recent outbreak in Puerto Rico may have been preventable.

John Iskander

Editor, Science Clips


Science Clips is a service of the Stephen B. Thacker CDC Library and CDC's Office of the Chief Science Officer.


The Science Clips is in the public domain and may be freely forwarded and reproduced without permission. The original sources and the CDC Science Clips should be cited as sources. Articles featured in Science Clips may be in-press or uncorrected proofs.

For assistance in obtaining copies of these articles, contact the library at cdclibrary@cdc.gov or 404-639-1717. Please note that links below to CDC licensed materials are available only through the Intranet and may go through the SFX server. From the SFX window, just click on the full-text link to reach the full-text.

  1. Top Ten Articles of the Week
  2. CDC Authored Publications
    The names of CDC authors are indicated in bold text.
  3. Key Scientific Articles in Featured Topic Areas
  4. Public Health Articles Noted in the Media

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DISCLAIMER: Articles listed in the CDC Science Clips are selected by the Stephen B. Thacker CDC Library to provide current awareness of the public health literature. An article's inclusion does not necessarily represent the views of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention nor does it imply endorsement of the article's methods or findings. CDC and DHHS assume no responsibility for the factual accuracy of the items presented. The selection, omission, or content of items does not imply any endorsement or other position taken by CDC or DHHS. Opinion, findings and conclusions expressed by the original authors of items included in the Clips, or persons quoted therein, are strictly their own and are in no way meant to represent the opinion or views of CDC or DHHS. References to publications, news sources, and non-CDC Websites are provided solely for informational purposes and do not imply endorsement by CDC or DHHS.


 
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