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Diagnosis and Treatment

Haemophilus influenzae disease, including Hib disease, is treated with antibiotics, usually for 10 days.

The diagnosis of invasive Haemophilus influenzae disease, including Hib, is usually made based on one or more laboratory tests using a sample of infected body fluid, such as blood or spinal fluid.

Haemophilus influenzae disease, including Hib disease, is treated with antibiotics, usually for 10 days. Most cases of invasive disease (when bacteria invade parts of the body that are normally free from germs) require hospitalization. Even with antibiotic treatment, 3%-6% of all children with Hib meningitis die from the disease.

When Haemophilus influenzae bacteria cause a non-invasive infection, like bronchitis or an ear infection, antibiotics may be given to prevent complications. Learn more about using antibiotics for respiratory infections.


Lumbar puncture to collect sample of cerebrospinal fluid

Lumbar puncture to collect sample of cerebrospinal fluid. Copyrighted image

©Teresa Winslow - US Government has certain rights

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