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Postexposure Prophylaxis

After exposure to Hepatitis B virus (HBV), appropriate and timely prophylaxis can prevent HBV infection and subsequent development of chronic infection or liver disease. The mainstay of postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) is Hepatitis B vaccine, but, in certain circumstances, Hepatitis B immune globulin is recommended in addition to vaccine for added protection. This page provides links to PEP guidelines and resources by type of exposure.

Occupational Exposure and Non-occupational Exposure

National Clinicians Post-Exposure Prophylaxis Hotline (PEPline)
Hotline providing clinicians with 24-hour guidance on managing occupational exposures to HIV, viral hepatitis, and other bloodborne pathogens

Postexposure Prophylaxis to Prevent Hepatitis B Virus Infection
MMWR 2006,56(RR-16), Appendix B

Perinatal Exposure

Infants born to HBV-infected mothers should receive Hepatitis B vaccine and Hepatitis B immune globulin within 12 hours of birth.

See the Perinatal Transmission page for complete guidelines on postexposure prophylaxis for newborns.


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