CDC in China
China at a Glance
- Population - 1,338,100,000
- Per capita income: $6.020
- Life expectancy at birth women/men: 76/72 yrs
- Under 5 mortality: 118/1000 live births
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the Chinese government have collaborated on public health priorities that affect China, the United States, and the global community for more than 30 years. U.S. CDC focuses its work in China on HIV/AIDS, emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases, immunization, workforce development, noncommunicable diseases, risk communication, emergency preparedness, and laboratory quality and safety.
HIV/AIDSU.S. CDC HIV/AIDS experts introduce innovative HIV detection and prevention strategies, advise China’s National Free Antiretroviral Treatment Program and collaborate with the central and 15 provincial CDCs. These partnerships ensure thousands of persons living with HIV/AIDS in China know their status and have access to treatment, care, and supportive services.
Recognizing the significant public health burden of noncommunicable diseases, the U.S. and China have initiated collaboration aimed at these leading causes of death. Initial areas of focus include behavioral risk factor surveillance, prevention and control of hypertension through sodium reduction and tobacco control.
Global Disease Detection Program (GDD)
The U.S. and China build capacity to detect and respond to emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases through these programs.
- Emerging Infections
U.S. CDC and China CDC experts work to strengthen public health surveillance, to prevent transmission of infections, and to improve laboratory detection of infectious diseases, such as acute respiratory infections, foodborne infections, and drug-resistant tuberculosis. This comprehensive approach helps China identify and contain infectious disease outbreaks before they spread globally.
- Risk Communication and Emergency Preparedness
U.S. CDC is assisting China to efficiently use its resources to reduce mortality and morbidity during and after public health emergencies. U.S. CDC and its national and provincial partners focus on communicating effectively, increasing public health response capacity through exercises, establishing emergency operational plans, and training to support International Health Regulations adherance.
Field and Applied Epidemiology
Impact in China
- Helped conduct approximately 500 outbreak investigation since 2003
- Opened two AIDS clinical training centers to improve capacity in rural areas
- Supported China’s National Influenza Center (CNIC) to become the fifth WHO influenza reference center
- Launched sodiumreduction projects in rural China
- Reached millions of Chinese citizens with health focused web chats
U.S. CDC’s principal partners in China are the Ministry of Health (MOH), the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention (China CDC), and the World Health Organization (WHO China). U.S. CDC’s collaborative projects extend across China to build strong bilateral relationships between China and the United States.
Established in 2001, the Chinese Field Epidemiology Training Program (CFETP) strengthens China’s disease surveillance, applied epidemiology, and response capacities. Through a 2-year field training program, CFETP has trained more than 100 of China’s top epidemiologists to respond to health emergencies in China and serve as the public health leaders of tomorrow.
For more than 20 years, U.S. CDC has supported the Chinese National Influenza Laboratory to monitor seasonal and novel influenza viruses with pandemic potential. Now, U.S. CDC, China CDC, and the MOH are combining expertise on pandemic influenza preparedness, influenza surveillance, and rapid response to prevent, identify, and control influenza.
U.S. CDC works with Chinese public health officials to increase immunization and prevent disease, disability, and death. A U.S. CDC expert assigned to the WHO China office leads efforts to advise China MOH on all immunization activities and meet goals, such as eliminating measles, controlling hepatitis, and expanding immunization best practices.
Top 10 Causes of Death
- Cerebrovascular disease 18%
- Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease 14%
- Ischaemic heart disease 8%
- Stomach cancer 5%
- Liver cancer 4%
- Trachea, bronchus, lung cancers 4%
- Perinatal conditions 3%
- Self-inflicted injuries 3%
- Tuberculosis 3%
- Lower respiratory infections 3%
40 Locally Employed