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ORIGINAL RESEARCH

Exploratory Analysis of Fast-Food Chain Restaurant Menus Before and After Implementation of Local Calorie-Labeling Policies, 2005–2011

Average Calories (kcal)2005200620072008a200920102011
Case chain restaurant 419 410 429 415 400 422 422
Control chain restaurant 474 495 497 496 494 487 481
Healthier items (%)
Case chain restaurant 13 13 12 14 18 19 20
Control chain restaurant 8 8 7 7 7 7 7


Figure.
Average calories for à la carte entrées and percentage of healthier items on fast-food chain restaurant menus, by case and control status and year, 2005–2011. Healthier à la carte entrées are defined as DRV ≤ 25%. Calorie-labeling regulations were first introduced in 2008.

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