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ORIGINAL RESEARCH

Missed Opportunities for Providing Low-Fat Dietary Advice to People With Diabetes

No. of Risk FactorsOdds Ratio (95% Confidence Interval)
01.0 [Reference]
12.4 (2.2–2.7)
24.7 (4.2–5.1)
38.6 (7.8–9.5)
416.4 (14.8–18.2)
427.0 (24.1–30.2)
639.6 (34.6–45.2)
7 63.0 (46.2–85.9)
Diabetes1.9 (1.8–2.1)

Figure. Likelihood of receiving low-fat dietary advice, by number of risk factors for type 2 diabetes and by diabetes status, Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, 2002–2009 (n = 188,006). Adjustment covariates were population characteristics (age, sex, race, ethnicity, education, federal poverty index, and geographic region), smoking status, dummy variables for each potential number of diabetes risk factors, and the modified clinical comorbidity index (25). The reference group includes respondents who had no diabetes and no risk factors for diabetes type 2. Error bars represent 95% confidence intervals.

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