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ORIGINAL RESEARCH

Preventable Hospitalizations for Congestive Heart Failure: Establishing a Baseline to Monitor Trends and Disparities

Race Visits per 100,000 (95% Confidence Interval)
1995-1996 1997-1998 1999-2000 2001-2002 2003-2004 2005-2006 2007-2009
White 369.0 (344.8-393.2) 392.3 (363.8-420.8) 376.3 (347.3-405.3) 344.0 (319.0-369.0) 338.9 (309.5-368.5) 331.7 (299.3-364.1) 280.8 (248.9-312.7)
Black 775.9 (672.1-879.7) 797.1 (710.4-883.8) 834.8 (745.3-924.3) 753.0 (686.7-819.3) 689.7 (620.0-759.4) 715.1 (642.3-787.9) 723.7 (623.9-823.5)

Figure. Age- and sex-standardized preventable hospitalization rates for congestive heart failure in the United States across 7 time periods. Error bars represent 95% confidence intervals. There was a negative linear trend for whites (β = −14/100,000; P = .01) and a borderline decrease for blacks (β = −19/100,000; P = .06). The slopes for blacks and whites were not significantly different from each other. Source: National Hospital Discharge Survey, 1995-2009.

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