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Public Safety Sector Profile -Data Tables for Figures

Table 1. Prevalence of selected health conditions; work organization and psychosocial factors; and physical and chemical exposures among U.S. workers (Public Safety sector vs. All U.S. workers, 2010)

  All U.S. workers Public Safety sector
Prevalence (%) Standard Error of Prevalence 95% Confidence Interval Prevalence (%) Standard Error of Prevalence 95% Confidence Interval
Health Conditions Dermatitis in the past 12 months 9.8 0.3 9.2-10.3 9.9 2.3 5.3-14.4
Carpal tunnel syndrome in the past 12 months 3.1 0.2 2.8-3.4 + + +
Current asthma 7.2 0.2 6.7-7.6 4.8* 1.8 1.3-8.3
Injury or poisoning at work in the past 12 months 2.8 0.4 2.0-3.4 8.4* 4.0 0.5-16.0
Work Organization Factors Work 60 hours a week or more2 7.2 0.3 6.7-7.7 11.5 3.0 5.7-17.4
Work 48 hours a week or more2 18.7 0.4 18.0-19.5 32.7 4.7 23.5-42.0
Non-standard work arrangements 18.7 0.4 18.0-19.4 3.3* 1.1 1.2-5.4
Temporary employment 7.2 0.3 6.7-7.7 + + +
Non-standard shifts 28.7 0.5 27.8-29.7 53.7 3.9 46.1-61.3
Psychosocial Exposures Job insecurity3 31.7 0.5 30.8-32.6 15.8 2.8 10.3-21.3
Work-family imbalance3 16.3 0.4 15.6-17.1 23.8 3.6 16.7-30.9
Hostile work environments 7.8 0.3 7.3-8.4 29.6 3.8 22.1-37.1
Physical/Chemical Exposures Exposure to potential skin hazards at work 20.6 0.4 19.8-21.3 25.4 3.8 17.9-32.8
Exposure to secondhand smoke at work4 10.0 0.3 9.3-10.6 22.4 3.6 15.4-29.4
Exposure to outdoor work 24.7 0.4 23.8-25.6 64.8 3.8 57.2-72.3
Exposure to vapors, gas, dust, or fumes5 25.0 0.4 24.2-25.8 35.6 3.7 28.2-42.9

1 Among U.S. adults who have worked in the past 12 months.

2 Among U.S. adults who have worked in the past 12 months, who only held 1 job.

3 Among U.S. adults who were employed in the week prior to interview.

4 Among non-smoking U.S. adults who have worked in the past 12 months.

5 Exposure during longest-held job (all other exposures refer to current or most recent job)

* These estimates have a relative standard error >30% and <50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet NCHS reliability/precision standards..

+ Estimates with a relative standard error >50% are not shown as they do not meet NCHS reliability/precision standards.

 

Table 2. Prevalence of dermatitis in the past 12 months among U.S. adults who worked in the past 12 months by Public Safety subsector, 2010

  Prevalence (%) Standard Error of Prevalence 95% Confidence Interval
All U.S. workers 9.8 0.3 9.2-10.3
All Public Safety workers 9.9 2.3 5.3-14.4
Law Enforcement Workers 11.9* 3.6 4.7-19.0
Firefighting and Prevention Workers -- -- --
Corrections Workers 11.0* 4.3 2.5-19.5
Emergency medical technicians and paramedics + + +

* These estimates have a relative standard error >30% and <50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet NCHS reliability/precision standards.

+ Estimates with a relative standard error >50% are not shown as they do not meet NCHS reliability/precision standards.

-- No cases detected, likely due to insufficient sample size.

 

Table 3. Prevalence of carpal tunnel syndrome in the past 12 months among U.S. adults who worked in the past 12 months by Public Safety subsector, 2010

  Prevalence (%) Standard Error of Prevalence 95% Confidence Interval
All U.S. workers 3.1 0.2 2.8-3.4
All Public Safety workers + + +
Law Enforcement Workers -- -- --
Firefighting and Prevention Workers + + +
Corrections Workers + + +
Emergency medical technicians and paramedics -- -- --

+ Estimates with a relative standard error >50% are not shown as they do not meet NCHS reliability/precision standards.

-- No cases detected, likely due to insufficient sample size.

 

Table 4. Prevalence of current asthma among U.S. adults who worked in the past 12 months by Public Safety subsector, 2010

  Prevalence (%) Standard Error of Prevalence 95% Confidence Interval
All U.S. workers 7.2 0.2 6.7-7.6
All Public Safety workers 4.8* 1.8 1.3-8.3
Law Enforcement Workers + + +
Firefighting and Prevention Workers + + +
Corrections Workers + + +
Emergency medical technicians and paramedics + + +

* These estimates have a relative standard error >30% and <50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet NCHS reliability/precision standards.

+ Estimates with a relative standard error >50% are not shown as they do not meet NCHS reliability/precision standards.

 

 

Table 5. Prevalence of working 48 hours a week or more among U.S. adults working one job at the time of interview by Public Safety subsector, 2010

  Prevalence (%) Standard Error of Prevalence 95% Confidence Interval
All U.S. workers 18.7 0.4 18.0-19.5
All Public Safety workers 32.7 4.7 23.5-42.0
Law Enforcement Workers 40.3 7.3 26.0-54.6
Firefighting and Prevention Workers 48.1* 14.9 18.7-77.5
Corrections Workers 15.0* 5.2 4.9-25.1
Emergency medical technicians and paramedics 46.1* 16.3 14.0-78.2

* These estimates have a relative standard error >30% and <50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet NCHS reliability/precision standards.

 

 

Table 6. Prevalence of non-standard work arrangements among U.S. adults who worked in the past 12 months by Public Safety subsector, 2010

  Prevalence (%) Standard Error of Prevalence 95% Confidence Interval
All U.S. workers 18.7 0.4 18.0-19.4
All Public Safety workers 3.3* 1.1 1.2-5.4
Law Enforcement Workers + + +
Firefighting and Prevention Workers + + +
Corrections Workers + + +
Emergency medical technicians and paramedics -- -- --

* These estimates have a relative standard error >30% and <50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet NCHS reliability/precision standards.

+ Estimates with a relative standard error >50% are not shown as they do not meet NCHS reliability/precision standards.

-- No cases detected, likely due to insufficient sample size.

 

Table 7. Prevalence of temporary employment among U.S. adults who worked in the past 12 months by Public Safety subsector, 2010

  Prevalence (%) Standard Error of Prevalence 95% Confidence Interval
All U.S. workers 7.2 0.3 6.7-7.7
All Public Safety workers + + +
Law Enforcement Workers + + +
Firefighting and Prevention Workers + + +
Corrections Workers -- -- --
Emergency medical technicians and paramedics -- -- --

+ Estimates with a relative standard error >50% are not shown as they do not meet NCHS reliability/precision standards.

-- No cases detected, likely due to insufficient sample size.

 

Table 8. Prevalence of non-standard shifts among U.S. adults who worked in the past 12 months by Public Safety subsector, 2010

  Prevalence (%) Standard Error of Prevalence 95% Confidence Interval
All U.S. workers 28.7 0.5 27.8-29.7
All Public Safety workers 53.7 3.9 46.1-61.3
Law Enforcement Workers 54.4 5.7 43.3-65.6
Firefighting and Prevention Workers 76.6 9.5 57.9-95.3
Corrections Workers 41.1 6.9 27.4-54.7
Emergency medical technicians and paramedics 61.7 13.4 35.3-88.1

 

 

Table 9. Prevalence of job insecurity among working U.S. adults by Public Safety subsector, 2010

  Prevalence (%) Standard Error of Prevalence 95% Confidence Interval
All U.S. workers 31.7 0.5 30.8-32.6
All Public Safety workers 15.8 2.8 10.3-21.3
Law Enforcement Workers 11.2 3.4 4.6-17.9
Firefighting and Prevention Workers 23.1* 10.5 2.4-43.8
Corrections Workers 16.4* 5.1 6.4-26.3
Emergency medical technicians and paramedics 34.8* 13.2 8.7-60.8

* These estimates have a relative standard error >30% and <50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet NCHS reliability/precision standards.

 

Table 10. Prevalence of work-family imbalance among working U.S. adults by Public Safety subsector, 2010

  Prevalence (%) Standard Error of Prevalence 95% Confidence Interval
All U.S. workers 16.3 0.4 15.6-17.1
All Public Safety workers 23.8 3.6 16.7-30.9
Law Enforcement Workers 28.3 5.8 16.8-39.8
Firefighting and Prevention Workers 24.9* 10.7 3.8-46.0
Corrections Workers 16.6* 5.0 6.7-26.5
Emergency medical technicians and paramedics + + +

* These estimates have a relative standard error >30% and <50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet NCHS reliability/precision standards.

+ Estimates with a relative standard error >50% are not shown as they do not meet NCHS reliability/precision standards.

 

Table 11. Prevalence of hostile work environments among U.S. adults who worked in the past 12 months by Public Safety subsector, 2010

  Prevalence (%) Standard Error of Prevalence 95% Confidence Interval
All U.S. workers 7.8 0.3 7.3-8.4
All Public Safety workers 29.6 3.8 22.1-37.1
Law Enforcement Workers 33.1 5.3 22.8-43.5
Firefighting and Prevention Workers + + +
Corrections Workers 39.6 8.5 22.8-56.3
Emergency medical technicians and paramedics + + +

+ Estimates with a relative standard error >50% are not shown as they do not meet NCHS reliability/precision standards.

 

Table 12. Prevalence of exposure to potential skin hazards at work among U.S. adults who worked in the past 12 months by Public Safety subsector, 2010

  Prevalence (%) Standard Error of Prevalence 95% Confidence Interval
All U.S. workers 20.6 0.4 19.8-21.3
All Public Safety workers 25.4 3.8 17.9-32.8
Law Enforcement Workers 13.9* 4.7 4.6-23.2
Firefighting and Prevention Workers 24.1* 9.0 6.3-41.9
Corrections Workers 44.2 8.5 27.6-60.8
Emergency medical technicians and paramedics + + +

* These estimates have a relative standard error >30% and <50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet NCHS reliability/precision standards.

+ Estimates with a relative standard error >50% are not shown as they do not meet NCHS reliability/precision standards.

 

Table 13. Prevalence of exposure to outdoor work among U.S. adults who worked in the past 12 months by Public Safety subsector, 2010

  Prevalence (%) Standard Error of Prevalence 95% Confidence Interval
All U.S. workers 24.7 0.4 23.8-25.6
All Public Safety workers 64.8 3.8 57.2-72.3
Law Enforcement Workers 70.7 5.3 60.3-81.1
Firefighting and Prevention Workers 83.7 6.8 70.4-97.1
Corrections Workers 41.2 7.0 27.3-55.0
Emergency medical technicians and paramedics 94.5 4.1 86.4-100.0

 

 

Table 14. Prevalence of exposure to vapors, gas, dust, or fumes among U.S. adults who worked in the past 12 months by Public Safety subsector, 2010

  Prevalence (%) Standard Error of Prevalence 95% Confidence Interval
All U.S. workers 25.0 0.4 24.2-25.8
All Public Safety workers 35.6 3.7 28.2-42.9
Law Enforcement Workers 21.7 4.9 12.0-31.3
Firefighting and Prevention Workers 77.9 7.7 62.8-93.1
Corrections Workers 29.0 6.8 15.7-42.4
Emergency medical technicians and paramedics 52.6 14.1 24.8-80.4

* These estimates have a relative standard error >30% and <50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet NCHS reliability/precision standards.

 

Table 15a. Prevalence of exposure to secondhand smoke at work among non-smoking U.S. adults by Public Safety subsector, 2010

  Prevalence (%) Standard Error of Prevalence 95% Confidence Interval
All U.S. workers 10.0 0.3 9.3-10.6
All Public Safety workers 22.4 3.6 15.4-29.4
Law Enforcement Workers 19.4 4.5 10.4-28.3
Firefighting and Prevention Workers 33.8* 10.9 12.3-55.3
Corrections Workers 21.7* 7.0 7.9-35.5
Emergency medical technicians and paramedics + + +

* These estimates have a relative standard error >30% and <50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet NCHS reliability/precision standards.

+ Estimates with a relative standard error >50% are not shown as they do not meet NCHS reliability/precision standards.

 

 

Table 15b. Prevalence of smoking among U.S. adults who worked in the past 12 months by Public Safety subsector, 2010

  Prevalence (%) Standard Error of Prevalence 95% Confidence Interval
All U.S. workers 19.7 0.4 18.9-20.4
All Public Safety workers 10.1 2.6 5.0-15.3
Law Enforcement Workers 12.7* 4.0 4.9-20.6
Firefighting and Prevention Workers -- -- --
Corrections Workers 9.9* 4.4 1.2-18.6
Emergency medical technicians and paramedics + + +

* These estimates have a relative standard error >30% and <50% and should be used with caution as they do not meet NCHS reliability/precision standards.

+ Estimates with a relative standard error >50% are not shown as they do not meet NCHS reliability/precision standards.

-- No cases detected, likely due to insufficient sample size.

 

 
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